Punishment and Reinforcement

Card Set Information

Author:
rjgwood
ID:
61305
Filename:
Punishment and Reinforcement
Updated:
2011-01-22 14:47:38
Tags:
BCBA Exam Study
Folders:

Description:
Punishment and Reinforcement
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user rjgwood on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Emotional responses (e.g., crying, anger), escape/avoidance, aggression, modeling, perpetuation of punishment (i.e., continued use of an ineffective procedure due to negative reinforcement afforded the caregiver), individuals becoming conditioned punisher, no establishment of alternative behavior, need for the presence of the punishing agent, presumed punisher is actually a reinforcer, and withdrawal are disadvantages of ______________.
    punishment.
  2. Disadvantages of punishment include:
    • Emotional responses (e.g., crying, anger)
    • escape/avoidance
    • aggression
    • modeling
    • perpetuation of punishment (i.e., continued use of an ineffective procedure due to negative reinforcement afforded the caregiver)
    • individuals becoming conditioned punisher
    • no establishment of alternative behavior
    • need for the presence of the punishing agent
    • presumed punisher is actually a reinforcer
    • withdrawal
  3. Guidelines for effective use of DRO include:
    • Determine the DRO interval
    • Develop a procedure for increasing that interval
    • Provide reinforcement contingent upon no occurrences of the target behavior during the interval
    • Combine DRO with other procedures
  4. Reinforcement contingent upon behavior that cannot be done at the same time as the problem behavior is
    DRI - Differential reinforcement of incompatible behaviors
  5. Reinforcement only after responding above a predetermined rate is...
    DRH - Differential reinforcement of high rates
  6. Reinforcement is provided contingent upon the non-occurrence of behavior
    DRO - Differential reinforcement of other or omission of behavior
  7. Reinforcement of behaviors that are appropriate alternatives to the target behavior is...
    DRA - Differential reinforcement of alternative behaviors
  8. DRA (Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behaviors) is an umbrella term under which fall...
    • DRI - Incompatible
    • DRC - Communicative
  9. Reinforcement of behaviors below a certain level is...
    DRL - Differential Reinforcement of Low Rate Behaviors
  10. Reinforcement is contingent upon responding during the session being at or below a specific rate.
    Full-Session (Limited Responding) DRL
  11. DRL in which the session is divided into equal intervals; reinforcement is contingent upon responding during the session being at or below a specified criterion; responding above the criterion rate resets the interval.
    Interval DRL
  12. Reinforcement is provided after a specified IRT is achieved is...
    Spaced-Responding DRL

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview