Copy Editing

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
6131
Filename:
Copy Editing
Updated:
2010-02-05 19:17:04
Tags:
verbs
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Description:
Grammar Class
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  1. Transitive Verb
    Carries action from subject to an object. always followed by direct object--reciepent of action.

    • The hurrichane struck the coast
    • (subject) (verb) (direct object)
  2. Intransitive Verb
    Not transitive. no recepient, but still conveys action. (where, how, when)

    • Relief workers arrived at the disaster scene.
    • (subject) (verb)
  3. Linking Verb
    • Links subject with a modifier. usually a "to be" verb, but not always. (state of being)
    • Only connects nouns, pronouns and adjectives, never adverbs.

    • Tom Bradley is the new president.
    • (Subj.) (Link verb) (noun)
  4. Infinitive
    Past Tense
    Past Participle
    Present Participle
    • infinitive = appear
    • past tense = appeared
    • Past participle = has appeared
    • Present participle= is appearing
  5. Verbal:
    Gerunds
    Always have -ing ending. have the feel of action, but serve only as the subject or object.

    • Swimming is a healthy, low-impact exercise.
    • (Gerund as subject)

    • She really enjoys swimming and weightlifiting.
    • (Verb) (Gerunds as direct objects.)
  6. Verbals:
    Participles
    have an -ing or -ed ending. always adjectivies. generally modify a noun or pronoun.

    • hoisting her protest sign high above her head, the demonstrater marched.
    • (participle) (subject) (verb)

    hoisted describes the condition of the subject, she, a pronoun.
  7. Verbals:
    infinitive.
    Formed by "to" plus, in most cases, the present tense of a verb.

    • The candidate needs to win
    • (subject) (verb) (infinitive.

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