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Nick Mitz Anatomy ULV Chapter1
Quiz for anatomy chapter 1
- in front of
- toward the surface of
At the rear or tail end
at the head end
on the inside
underneath another structure
Farthest from the attachment
Point of a limb to the trunk
the back side of the human body
Toward the feet
away from the middle of the body
Toward the midline of the body
in back of
toward the back surface
Closest to the attachment point of a limb to the trunk
On the outside of the surface of the body
toward the head
The belly side of the human body
Body is standing up, facing forward with palms open
No two bones cross each other
Coronal (frontal) Plane
Plane that seperates the body into anterior and posterior portions
Splits body from front and back
Transverse (Horizontal) Plane
Plane that seperates the body into superior and inferior portions
Splits body at waist, splitting top half from bottom half
Seperates the body into left and right portions
May or may not be equal on each side.
Splits the body into left and right portions
Region Inferior to the thorax (chest) and superior to the hip bones
Between elbow and wrist
Region Anterior to the elbow
Between shoulder and elbow
Heel of the foot
Between Knee and Ankle
Fingers or Toes
Lateral Aspect of the leg
Sometimes used to describe crease in thigh near trunk
Relating to the loins
Part of back and sides between ribs and pelvis
Posterior aspect of the head
Back of the head
Posterior of the elbow
Palm of the hand
Diamond chaped region between the thight that contain the anus and selected external reproductive organs
Sole of the foot
Area posterior to the knee
Anterior region to the pelvis
Lateral aspect of the forearm
Posterior region between the hip bones
Anterior middle region of the thorax
Posterior part of the leg
Root of the foot
Chest or thorax
Medial aspect of the leg
Medial aspect of the forearm
Posterior Aspect contains what two cavities?
What is the Cranial cavity?
Formed by the cranium
Houses the brain
formed by the individual bones of the vertebral column and contains the spinal cord
What cavity does the cranial cavity and the vertebral canal lie in?
What cavities are in the Ventral cavities?
What cavities are in the abdominopelvic cavity?
What is in the thoracic cavity?
the median space in the thoracic cavity is the
Contains the heart, thymus, esophogus, trachea, and major blood vessels
Right and left sides contain the lungs
What is in the mediastinum?
The layer of the heart is known as what?
Enclosed by a two-layered serous membrane called
What are the two layers of the pericardium?
Parietal pericardium = the outermost layer and forms the sac around the heart
Visceral pericardium = forms the heart's external surface
What is the pericardial cavity?
the potential space between the parietal and visceral pericardia; it contains serous fluid
What is the layer that surrounds the lungs of the thoracic cavity?
Lined by the pleura
What are the two types of pleura layer?
Parietal pleura = outer layer of this serous membrane
visceral pleura = inner layer of this serous membrane
What is in the abdominal cavity?
contains most of the organs of the digestive system, kidneys, ureters of the urinary system.
Contains the stomach, spleen, liver, pancreas, small intestine, most of large intestine, kidneys, ureters.
What is in the pelvic cavity?
Region located between the hip bones and interior to a horizontal plane between the superior ridges of the hip bones.
Associated with the pelvic viscera, including urinary bladder and urethra, internal reproductive organs, some of the large intestines.
What are the regions? (starting from top row) (1,2,3...)
1. Right Hypochondriac Region
2. Epigastric Region
3. Left Hypochondriac Region
4. Right Lumbar Region
5. Umbilical Region
6. Left Lumbar
7. Right Iliac Region
8. Hypogastric Region
9. Left Iliac Region
What is in the epigastric region?
Superior region in the middle column.
Contains part of the liver, part of the stomach, the duodenum, part of the pancreas, and both adrenal glands.
What is in the umbilical region?
Middle region in the middle column
Contains transverse colon (middle part) , part of the small intestine, and the branches of the blood vessels to the lower limbs.
What is in the hypogastric region?
inferior region in the middle column
typically contains part of the small intestine, the urinary bladder, and the sigmoid colon of the large intestine
What is in the right and left hypochondriac regions
Right contains part of the liver, the gallbladder, and part of the right kidney
Left contains part of the stomach, the spleen, the left colic flexure of the large intestine, and part of the left kidney
What is in the right and left lumbar regions?
the middle regions lateral to the umbilical region.
Right contains the ascending colon and the right colic flexure of the large intestine, the superior part of the cecum, part of the right kidney, and part of the small intestine.
Leftcontains the descending colon, part of left kidney, and part of small intestine.
What is in the left and right iliac regions?
inferior regions lateral to the hypogastric region
Right contains the inferior end of the cecum, the appendix, and part of the small intestine.
Left contains the junction of parts of the colon as well as part of the small intestine.
Study of structure
Study of the function of body structures
examines structures that cannot be observed by the unpaid eye.
the study of single body cells and their internal structures
study of tissues
investigates the structure and relationships of large body parts that are visible to the unaided eye, such as the intestines, stomach, brain, heart, and kidneys.
Examines the similarities and differences in the anatomy of species
Investigates the change in structure within an individual from conception through maturity
is concerned specifically with developmental changes occurring prior to birth
examines all the structures in a particular region of the body as one complete unit
example = the skin, connective tissue and fat, bones, muscles, nerves, and blood vessels of the neck
examines both superficial anatomic marking and internal body structures as they relate to the skin covering them.
studies the gross anatomy of each system in the body
examines all anatomic changes resulting from disease
Studies the relationships among internal structures that may be visualized by specific scanning procedures, such as ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or xray
investigates the anatomic landmarks used before and after surgery.
What are the Levels of Structural Organizations of the body? (simplest to most complex)
1. Chemical level
2. Cellular level
3. Tissue Level
4. Organ Level
5. Organ System Level
What is the Chemical Level of structural organization?
composed of atoms and molecules
Atoms are small units of matter, in which two or more atoms make a molecule
molecule is a protein, a water molecule, or a vitamin, which join into make cells.
What is the Cellular Level of structural organization?
Specialized structural and functional units called organelles permit all living cells to share certain common functions.
What is the Tissue Level of structural organization?
tissues are precise organizations of similar cells that perform specialized functions.
What is the Organ Level of structural organization?
Different tissue types combine to form an organ, such as the small intestine, brain, lungs, stomach, or heart.
contain two or more tissue types that work together to perform specific, complex functions.
What is the Organ System Level of structural organization?
consists of related organs that work together to coordinate activities and achieve a common function
What is the Organismal Level of structural organization?
all body systems function interdependently in a single living human being
What are the Characteristics of Living Things?
3. Growth and Development