Pharmacology

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Author:
cassiedh
ID:
61526
Filename:
Pharmacology
Updated:
2011-01-23 20:30:38
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ch1 part1
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ch 1 part 1
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  1. what is the study of drugs and their interactions with living cells or systems?
    pharmacology
  2. what are chemical substances that affect living tissue and are used in the diagnosis, treatment or prevention of a disease or medical condition
    drugs
  3. drugs include _______ and ______ ________ as well as legend drugs and OTC. ______ is not included in the definition though.
    • minerals
    • vitamin supplements
    • food
  4. Is food considered a drug?
    • Food is not included as a drug
    • Although becoming less clear because of adding chemical substances into foods
  5. what are the seven characteristics of administering a drug safely?
    • use appropriate dose
    • route of administration
    • indication or reason for using drug
    • significant side effects and potential adverse reactions
    • relevant drug interactions
    • contraindications for using the drug in a particular client
    • appropriate monitoring techniques and interventions in case of a medical emergency
  6. To safely administer a drug one must know: the appropriate ______ to use, the ______ of administration, the _______ or _____ for using the drug, significant _____ ______ and potential ______ ______, relevant drug ________, ________ for using the drug on a particular client, appropriate _______ techniques and _______ in case of an emergency
    • dose
    • route
    • indication or reason
    • side effects and potential adverse reactions
    • interactions
    • contraindications
    • monitoring techniques and interventions
  7. who is the father of medicine?
    Hippocrates
  8. what is a pharmacopeia?
    a collection of drug information in a specific geographic area, set of drug standards that contains all the authorized drugs available in a country
  9. what does it mean when they say drugs were used empirically?
    by best guess or statistical probabilities, suing experience
  10. scientific ________ practices have begun to replace empirical drug use
    pharmacologic
  11. what did drugs originally derive from?
    plants
  12. give four examples of sources of drugs
    • plants
    • animal substances
    • mineral
    • synthetic
  13. what are the three names a drug gets as it goes through the drug trials?
    • chemical name
    • Generic name
    • Trade or brand name
  14. what is the chemical name of a drug?
    chemical composition and molecular structure
  15. what is the official name of a drug?
    generic name
  16. where does the generic name of a drug come from?
    the chemical name
  17. what is the proprietary name of a drug?
    trade or brand name-manufacture copyrights
  18. how many years of protection does a patent on a drug last?
    17 years
  19. what are 3 forms of drugs?
    • legend drugs
    • over the counter
    • combination product
  20. to avoid confusion the generic name for a drug is usually identified in ____ _____ and the brand name is ______
    • lower case
    • capitalized
  21. what type of drug can only be secured with a prescription?
    legend drug
  22. each year a list of the top ____ drugs prescribed the previous year is published
    200
  23. the ____ requires that the active ingredient of the _____ product achieve the same therapeutic blood level as the ___ ____ product
    • FDA
    • generic
    • brand name
  24. when two formulations of a drug meet the same chemical and physical standards required by the FDA what are they described as?
    chemically equivalent
  25. products that produce similar concentrations of the drug in the blood and tissues are know as?
    biologically equivalent
  26. if in the clinical trials the generic drug shows to have an equal therapeutic effect it is described as?
    therapeutically equivalent
  27. t/f a drug can be chemically equivalent but not therapeutically equivalent
    true
  28. t/f a generic drug can be marketed if it is not biologically equivalent
    false
  29. ______ and _______ equivalence are the same because the amount of a drug in the blood or tissue is a requirement for a therapeutic effect
    biologic and therapeutic
  30. what are three ways drugs are classified?
    • their intended us (indication)
    • effect produced in the body
    • by their chemical categories
  31. t/f drugs can be categorized by pregnancy safety
    true

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