EAWS Common Core: 103 General Safety Fundamentals

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EAWS Common Core: 103 General Safety Fundamentals
2011-01-27 02:49:16

Enlisted Aviation Warfare Specialist Study Guide
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  1. Define the purpose of the Naval Aviation Safety Program.
    Preserve human and material resources.
  2. Explain the safety responsibilities of the following personnel:
    Commanding Officer
    Aviation Safety Officer
    Ground Safety Officer
    Department Head
    Division Officer
    Safety Petty Officer
    All Hands
    Commanding Officer - Require that persons are instructed and drilled in all safety precautions and procedures that they are complied with, and that applicable safety precautions are posted.

    Aviation Safety Officer - advises the CO on all aviation safety matters, and assist in the establishment and management of a Command Aviation Safety Program, maintain appropriate aviation safety records and mishap statistics.

    Ground Safety Officer - advisesr to the CO on all ground safety matters, assist in the establishment and management of a Command Ground Safety Program, maintain appropriate ground safety recods and mishap statistics.

    Department Head - coordinates department's safety program, ensures safety precautions are observed/posted/instructed/drilled

    Division Officer - ensure that personnel comply with all safety instructions

    Safety Petty Officer -ensure that personnel are instructed in all safety matters and are familiar in safety instructions, central point for all safety related matters in a work center

    All hands - familiarize themselves with safety regulations, comply with safety standards, report hazards OPNAVINST 3750.6
  3. Explain the functions of the Safety Council/Enlisted Safety Committee.
    Set goals, manage assets, and review safety related recommendations, review command plans, policies, procedures, conditions, and instructions for accuracy. Meet monthly and records of meetings is kept.
  4. Discuss how the follwing contribute to aviation mishaps:
    Human error
    Maintenance and support factors
    Administrative and supervisory factors
    Material failures and malfunctions
    Environmental factors
    Human error - Human error involves both physical and mental factors including ergonomics (design of the workplace), physical strength of the individual, physical stress, and mental factors including the person's attitude, behavorial factors, etc.

    Maintenance and support factors - improper maintenance, improper priority, or lack of qa, manufacture defects or assembly.

    Administrative and supervisory factors - following regulations, improper level of supervision, lack of training or pqs.

    Material failures or malfunctions - faulty design, defective manufacture, or repair.

    Environmental factors - "acts of God", lightning, extreme exposure to heat, cold, vibration, noise, illumination, radiation, or atmospheric contaminants.
  5. Define the following mishap classes:
    Class A
    Class B
    Class C
    Class D
    Class A - material damage is $1,000,000 or more; or injury or occupational illness resulting in death or permanent total disability

    Class B - material damage is $200,000 or more, but less than $1,000,000; or an injury or occupational illness resulting in permanent partial disability; or three or more personnel are hospitalized.

    Class C - material damage is $10,000 or more, but less than $200,000; or a non-fatal illness that causes loss of time from work (5+ days lost).

    Class D - The resulting total cost of reportable material or property damage is less than $10,000 or a non-fatal injury (no lost time or first aid case) that does not meet the criteria of a Class C mishap.
  6. State the objective of the Aviation Gas-Free Engineering Program.
    Ensure a safe environment is maintained when working on aeronautical equipment fuel systems.
  7. Explain the hazards associated with Radio Frequency (RF) energy.
    Can generate electrical currents and/or voltage large enough to cause life-threatening electric shock, burns, biological changes, and cataracts. Premature or unwanted activation of electro-explosive devices (EED) in ordnance can cause sparks and arcs igniting flammable materials.
  8. State the purpose of the Laser Safety Hazard Control Program.
    Series of safety factors when using lasers, appoint laser system safety officer, establish safety regulations/SOP's, eyewear, posting warning signs, training medical surveillance.
  9. State the purpose of a safety stand down.
    Time devoted to safety training, awareness and enhancement.
  10. Discuss the concept of operational risk management (ORM).
    Decision-making processes to identify and manage hazards. And you think you are ways

    • Identify hazards – major steps, identify hazard and cause
    • Assess hazards – determine degree of risk in terms of probability and severity for each hazard
    • Make risk decision – develop risk controls to reduce or eliminate risk
    • Implement controls – engineering, administrative, PPE
    • Supervise – conduct follow-up