A&P unit 1 human body

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claire_0068
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61755
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A&P unit 1 human body
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2011-01-24 19:15:44
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unit human body
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A&P unit 1 human body
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  1. WHAT IS ANATOMY?
    THE STUDY OF THE STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATION OF THE HUMAN BODY.
  2. WHAT IS PHYSIOLOGY?
    THE STUDY OF BODY FUNCTION
  3. WHAT IS GROSS ANATOMY?
    THE STUDY OF BODY STRUCTURES THAT CAN BE SEE WITH THE HUMAN EYE
  4. WHAT IS SYSTEMIC ANATOMY?
    ALL OF THE ORGANS WITH RELATED FUNCTIONS ARE STUDIED TOGETHER AS A SYSTEM
  5. WHAT IS REGIONAL ANATOMY?
    ALL OF THE STRUCTURES INA SINGLE BODY REGION ARE STUDIED TOGETHER
  6. WHAT IS MICROSCOPIC ANATOMY?
    THESTUDY OF STRUCTURES THAT MUST BE SEEN WITH A MICORSCOPE. INCLUDING CYTOLOGY(CELLS) AND HISTOLOGY(TISSUES)
  7. WHAT IS DEVELOPMENTAL ANATOMY?
    INCLUDES STRUTURAL CHANGES THAT OCCUR IN THEBODY THROUGHOUT ITS LIFESPAN, AND THE EFFECTS OF AGING
  8. WHAT IS EMBRYOLOGY?
    THE DEVELOPMENTAL CHANGES THAT OCCUR BEFORE BIRTH
  9. WHAT IS PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY?
    DEALS WITH STRUTURAL CHANGES IN THE BODY CAUSED BY DISEASE
  10. WHAT IS RADIOGRAPHIC ANATOMY?
    STUDIES THE INTERNAL STRUCTURES OF THE BODY AS VISUALIZED BY X RAY IMAGES OR SPECIALIZED SCANNING PROCEDURES
  11. WHAT ARE THE MAJOR CONTROLLING SYSTEMS OF THE BODY?
    THE NERVOUS AND ENDOCRINE SYSTEMS
  12. WHAT IS INTRACELLULAR FLUID(ICF)?
    FLUID FOUND INSIDE THE CELL
  13. WHAT IS EXTRACELLULAR FLUID (ECF)?
    FLUID FOUND OUTSIDE THE CELL?
  14. PLASMA IS THE _____OF THE BLOOD?
    ECF
  15. INTERSTITAL FLUID IS THE ____ OF THE BODY TISSUES.
    ECF
  16. EXTRACELLULAR FLUID IS THE BODY'S ________ENVIRONENT.
    INTERNAL
  17. WHAT IS HOMEOSTASIS?
    THE PROCESS BY WHICH THE BODY MAINTAINS A RELATIVELY CONSTANT INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT AS THE EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT CHANGES
  18. WHAT ARE EXAMPLES OF VARIABLES THAT NEED TO BE MAINTAINED BY HOMEOSTASIS?
    • 1. pH
    • 2. ION CONCENTRATIONS
    • 3. BODY TEMP.
    • 4. WATER VOLUME
    • 5. BLOOD PRESSURE
    • 6. NUTRIENT CONCENTRATIONS
    • 7. WASTES (C02)
    • 8. OXYGEN
  19. FAILING TO MAINTAIN HOMEOSTASIS DOES WHAT?
    DISRUPTS NORMAL FUNCTION AND MAY RESULT IN A DISEASE STATE OR PATHOLOGICAL CONDITION
  20. WHAT ARE THE HOMEOSTATIC CONTROL MECHANISMS?
    • 1. VARIABLE
    • 2.STIMULUS
    • 3.RECEPTOR
    • 4. CONTROL CENTER
    • 5.EFFECTOR
  21. WHAT IS VARIABLE?
    WHAT NEEDS TO BE REGULATED (TEMP. PRESSURE)
  22. WHAT IS STIMULUS?
    PRODUCES A CHANGE IN THE VARIABLE LEADING TO THE IMBALANCE
  23. WHAT IS THE RECEPTOR (SENSOR)?
    MONITORS THE VALUE OF THE VARIABLE, DETECTS CHANGE IN THE VALUE AND SENDS THIS INFO VIA THE AFFRENT SIGNAL TO THE CONTROL CENTER
  24. WHAT IS THE CONTROL CENTER (INTEGRATOR)?
    • 1.USUALLY THE BRAIN OR OTHER ORGAN
    • 2. INTEGRATES INCOMING SENSORY INFO
    • 3. COMPARES THE INCOMING INFO TO A SET POINT; DETERMINES WHETHER THE VALUE IS EQUAL TO, LESS THAN, OR GREATER THAN THE SET POINT.
  25. WHAT IS THE EFFECTOR?
    CAUSES THE RESPONSE OR EFFECT, WHICH AFFECTS THE VARIABLE AND CORRECTS THE IMBALANCE.
  26. WHAT WILL THE RESPONSE IN NEGATIVE FEEDBACK BE?
    IT WILL BE THE OPPOSITE OF THE DIRECTION THAT THE VARIABLE HAD ORIGINALLY CHANGED (IF IT WAS GOING UP THEN IT WILL BE BROUGHT BACK DOWN)
  27. WHAT IS FEED FORWARD CONTROL?
    • IT ALLOWS THE BODY TO ANTICIPATE CHANGE AND MAINTAIN STABILITY
    • THE BODY PREDICTS THE CHANGE THAT IS ABOUT TO OCCUR AND BEGINS TO RESPOND AHEAD OF THE CHANGE
  28. WHAT DOES THE AXIAL REGION INCLUDE?
    • HEAD
    • NECK
    • THORACIC,ABDOMINAL, AND PELVIC REGIONS
  29. WHAT DOES THE APPENDICULAR REGION CONTAIN?
    THE APPENDEGES OR EXTREMITIES
  30. WHAT IS THE FRONTAL (CORONAL) PLANE?
    DIVIDES TE BODY IN ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR PORTIONS
  31. WHAT IS THE MEDIAN (MIDSAGITTAL) PLANE?
    CUTS RIGHT DOWN THE BODY'S IMAGINARY MIDLINE; DIVIDES THE BODY INTO RIGHT AND LEFT PORTIONS
  32. WHAT IS THE TRANVERSE PLANE?
    DIVIDES THE BODY INTO SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR PORTIONS
  33. THE DORSAL CAVITY IS MADE UP OF WHAT OTHER BODY CAVITIES?
    CRANIAL AND VERTEBRAL CAVITY
  34. THE VENTRAL BODY CAVITY CONTAINS WHAT 2 BODY CAVITIES?
    THORACIC AND ABDOMINAL PELVIC
  35. WHAT MUSCLE SEPARATES THE ABDOMINAL AND THORACIC CAVITY?
    THE DIAPHRAGM
  36. WHAT DOES THE THORACIC CAVITY CONTAIN?
    • THE HEART (IN THE MEDISTINUM)
    • THE LUNGS(IN THE RT. AND LFT. PLEURAL CAVITIES)
  37. WHAT DOES THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY CONTAIN?
    MOSTLY THE DIGESTIVE ORGANS
  38. WHAT DOES THE PELVIC CAVITY CONTAIN?
    INCLUDES MANY URINARY AND REPRODUCTIVE STRUCTURES AND THE RECTUM
  39. WHAT IS THE PARIETAL?
    LINES THE OUTTER CAVITY WALL
  40. WHAT IS VISCERAL?
    LINES THE ORGAN ITSELF

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