Chapter 4 Voc.
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Chapter 4 Voc.
Chapter 4: Power & Culture Vocab.
a small group of related families who occupy the same territory and interact with each other
shared ideas about what is true
a centralized society in which power is concentrated in a single chief who heads a ranked hierarchy of people
Define cultural generalizations.
descriptions of commonly shared values, beliefs, and behaviors in a society
Define cultural relativity.
suspending judgment of other societies' customs, customs, practices, and institutions
all of the ways of life common to a society
judging other cultures solely in relation to one's own culture
traditionally defined as a residential kin group
trivial norms that guide actions
a perspective in anthropology that explores how cultural institutions and practices serve individual or societal needs
the cultural characteristics linked to male and female that define people as masculine and feminine
a perspective in anthropology that focuses on the importance of ideas in determining culture
the process wherein a population exploits the environment and applies knowledge and labor intensely in response to population growth
Define kinship group.
people related to one another by blood
a socially approved sexual and economic union between a man and a woman, intended to be lasting, and implying social roles between the spouses and their children
Define materialist perspective.
a perspective in anthropology that focuses on how people make their living in their specific environmental setting or culture
marriage union of one husband and one wife
acknowledging, protecting, and promoting multiple cultures and subcultures
a society that sees itself as one people with a common culture, history, institutions, ideology, language, and territory
shared rules and expectations about behavior
Define patriarchal family.
the male is the dominant authority
kinship is determined through the male line
Define political system.
the organization and distribution of power in society
Define public/private split.
the theory that men dominate in the public sphere and women focus on the private or domestic sphere
a set of beliefs and practices pertaining to supernatural powers and the origins and meaning of life
the biological characteristics distinguishing male from female
Define socialization process.
process by which culture is communicated to successive generations
a permanent, centralized organization with a defined territory and recognized authority to make and enforce rules
variations in ways of life within a society
anything that communicates meaning, including language, art, and music
a group of separate bands or villages sharing a common language and culture who come together for greater security
shared ideas about what is good and desirable