Bio District Review

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Author:
bananavocado
ID:
61819
Filename:
Bio District Review
Updated:
2011-11-20 12:57:16
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Bio District Review
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Bio District Review
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  1. RNA that carries amino acids from the cytoplasm to the ribosome
  2. DNA is replicated during this phase of the cell cycle
    synthesis
  3. this type of RNA produces ribosomes
    rRNA
  4. type of protein that cut DNA
    restriction enzymes
  5. site of protein synthesis
    nucleolus
  6. egg and sperm cells are called ___ because they contain half of the parent DNA.
    haploid
  7. enzyme that attaches free nucleotide to the template during replication
    polymerase
  8. two scientists who discovered the helical shape of DNA
    watson and crick
  9. chromosomes line up at the center of the cell during this phrase.

    the first amino acid in all proteins?
    metaphase

    methionine
  10. the second step of protein synthesis
    translation
  11. complementary strand for the following DNA:
    ATTGCA
    TAACGT
  12. what mRNA codon codes for Asparagine?
    AAU or AAC
  13. anticodon that would transfer the amino acid tryptophan.
    ACC
  14. the random insertion, deletion or substitution of one nucleodtide in mRNA
    mutation (point)
  15. homologous chromosomes do this ONLY during prophase I of meiosis.
    crossing over
  16. genetic information for making a protein is rewritten as a molecule of mRNA during this process
    transcription
  17. protein monomers
    amino acids
  18. genetic engineering refers to the movement of ___ from one organism to another.
    genes
  19. type of cells that undergo meiosis
    gametes
  20. _____ DNA is when an organism's DNA is absorbed by/ combines with another organism's DNA
    Recombinant
  21. asexual cellular devision
    mitosis
  22. the production of identical cells/ organisms using genetic engineering.
    somatic
  23. cellular division resulting in 4 haploid cells
    meiosis
  24. eh
    eh
  25. genetic engineering can result in the production of ____ proteins (such as insulin) by bacteria
  26. monomer composed of a 5-carbon based sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
    nucleotide
  27. group of 3 nucleotides which codes for a specific amino acid
    codon
  28. pyrimidine found only in RNA
    Uracil
  29. single stranded nucleic acid
    RNA

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