MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
62025
Filename:
MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY
Updated:
2011-01-25 19:07:55
Tags:
Basic Word Structure
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Description:
Basic Word Structure CH.1
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  1. Root
    foundation of the term
  2. Suffix
    word ending
  3. Prefix
    word beginning
  4. Combining vowel
    • vowel (usually o) that links the root to the suffix or the
    • root to another root
  5. Combining form
    combination of the root and the combining vowel
  6. aden/o
    gland
  7. arthr/o
    joint
  8. bi/o
    life
  9. carcin/o
    cancerous, cancer
  10. cardi/o
    heart
  11. cephal/o
    head
  12. cerebr/o
    cerebrum (largest part of brain)
  13. cis/o
    to cut
  14. cyst/o
    urinary bladder
  15. cyt/o
    cell´╗┐
  16. derm/o dermat/o
    skin
  17. encephal/o
    brain
  18. enter/o
    intestines (usually small)
  19. erythr/o
    red
  20. gastr/o
    stomach
  21. gnos/o
    knowledge
  22. gynec/o
    woman, female
  23. Hemat/o hem/o
    blood
  24. hepat/o
    liver
  25. leuk/o
    white
  26. nephr/o
    kidney
  27. neur/o
    nerve
  28. onc/o
    tumor
  29. ophthalm/o
    eye
  30. oste/o
    bone
  31. path/o
    disease
  32. ped/o
    child
  33. psych/o
    mind
  34. radi/o
    x-rays
  35. ren/o
    kidneys
  36. rhin/o
    nose
  37. sarc/o
    flesh
  38. sect/o
    to cut
  39. thromb/o
    clotting
  40. ur/o
    urinary tract, urine
  41. pertaining to
    - ac, - al, - ic, - ical
  42. - algia
    pain
  43. - cyte
    cell
  44. - ectomy
    excision, removal
  45. - emia
    blood condition
  46. - genic
    pertaining to, producing, produced by, produced in
  47. - ion
    process
  48. - ist
    specialist
  49. - itis
    inflammation
  50. - logy
    study of
  51. - oma
    tumor, mass, swelling
  52. - opsy
    process of viewing
  53. - osis
    condition, usually abnormal
  54. - pathy
    disease condition
  55. - scope
    instrument to visually examine
  56. - scopy
    process of visually examining
  57. - sis
    state of
  58. - tomy
    process of cutting, incision
  59. -y
    process, condition
  60. a, an
    no, not, without
  61. auto
    self
  62. dia
    through, complete
  63. endo
    within
  64. epi
    above, upon
  65. ex, exo
    out
  66. hyper
    excessive, above, more than normal
  67. hypo
    deficient, below, under less than normal
  68. in
    into, in
  69. peri
    surrounding, around
  70. pro
    before, forward
  71. re
    back, backward, again
  72. retro
    behind
  73. sub
    below, under
  74. trans
    across, through

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