Chapter 4

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rmoran
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62156
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Chapter 4
Updated:
2011-01-26 10:57:35
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Medical Term
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MEd term
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  1. muscle that leads a limb away from the body
    abductor
  2. muscle that leads a limb toward the body
    adductor
  3. endocrine gland above the kidney
    adrenal glands
  4. process of building up protein in cells
    anabolism
  5. separation of a substance into various parts
    analysis
  6. without oxygen
    anoxia
  7. ante- cibum
    before meals
  8. bending forward
    anteflexion
  9. before birth
    antepartum
  10. against life (germ life), drugs are given to combat bacteria
    antibiotic
  11. protein made by white blood cells to destory antigens
    antibody
  12. substance that stimulates the products of antibodies
    antigen
  13. destrcution of micoorganisms to prevent infection
    antisepsis
  14. substance produced against a toxin, an antibody
    antitoxin
  15. without breathing
    apnea
  16. antibodies that are produced against an individuals own normal cells
    autoimmune disease
  17. non cancerous
    benign
  18. braching or forkcing into two parts
    bifurcation
  19. pertaining to both or two sides
    bilateral
  20. slow heart beat ususally less than 60 beats per minute
    bradycardia
  21. abnormality present at birth, birth defect
    congenital anomaly
  22. tissue that supports and binds other tissues and parts
    connective tissue
  23. a factor that prohibits the administraction of a drug or procedure in the care of a patient
    contradiction
  24. affecting the opposite side of a part of the body
    contralateral
  25. excessive loss of water
    dehydration
  26. separation of nitrogenous waste from the blood when the kidneys no long fucntion
    dialysis
  27. measurement between opposite from explame blood vessel or intestine points on the periphery of a circluar body part
    diamter
  28. freqeunt passage of water, loose stools
    diarrhea
  29. condition of abnormal formation
    dysplasia
  30. difficult breathing
    dyspnea
  31. prenancy that is not in the normal location, a fallopiean tube is the most common ectopic site
    ectopic pregnancy
  32. the inner lining of the heart
    endocardium
  33. instrument to visually examine the interior of the body
    endoscope
  34. pertaining to within the trachea
    endotracheal
  35. layer of cells covering the external surface of the body and lining the hallow tubes within the body
    epithelium
  36. condition of exaggerated well being
    euphoria
  37. normal thyroid function
    euthryoid
  38. eyeballs that protrude from their sockets, associated with hyperthyroidism
    exophthalmos
  39. removal of half the tonue
    hemiglossectomy
  40. condition of excessive or high blood surgar
    hyperglycemia
  41. condition of increased fromation of cells
    hyperplasia
  42. condition of increased development when individual cells increase in size
    hypertrophy
  43. placement of a needle below the skin
    hypodermic injection
  44. low levels of sugar in the blood stream
    hypoglycemia
  45. pertaining to below the ribs
    infracostal
  46. pertaining to without sleep, a person who cannot sleep
    insomniac
  47. pertaining to between the ribs
    intercostals
  48. pertaining to within a vein
    intravenous
  49. condition of a larger than normal head
    macrocephaly
  50. general feeling of bodily discomfort
    malaise
  51. cancerous, harmful
    malignant
  52. hand bones
    metacarpal bones
  53. condition of change of shape or form
    metamorphosis
  54. a spread of a malignant tumor beyond ts original location to a distant site
    metastasis
  55. instrument to view small projections
    microscope
  56. pertaining to a newborn infant
    neonatal
  57. new growth
    neoplasm
  58. deficiency of all blood cells
    pancytopenia
  59. destruction of nerve tissue leading to loss of sensation of motion in a part of the body
    paralysis
  60. four endocrine glands on the posterior, dorsal, region of the thyroid gland
    parathyroid glands
  61. pertaining to through the skin
    percutaneous
  62. membrane surrounding a bone
    periosteum
  63. pertaining to a nucleus with several or many shapes
    polymorphonuclear
  64. infammation of many nerves
    polyneuritis
  65. after death
    postmortem
  66. after birth
    postpartum
  67. pertaining to occuring before a malignant condition
    precancerous
  68. pertaining to before birth
    prenatal
  69. symptom that appears before the onset of more serious an illness
    prodrome
  70. sliding forward or downward
    prolapse
  71. false pregnancy
    pseudocyesis
  72. insertion of a gen, from an organism into DNA of another organsim
    recombinant DNA
  73. sliding or falling back as in recurrence of symptoms or decline after apparent recovery
    relapse
  74. literally to send back to good health disappearance of disease symtoms
    remission
  75. bending backward
    retroflexion
  76. pertaining to behind the peritoneum
    retroperitoneal
  77. pertaining to under the skin
    subcutaneous
  78. pertaining to above the pubic bones
    suprapubic
  79. close association between organism of different species or a state in which two people are emotional dependent on each other
    symbiosis
  80. equality of part, literally measured together
    symmetry
  81. bones that grow together separated by a piece of fibrocartilage.
    symphysis
  82. fusion of fingers or toes, a congenital anomaly
    syndactyly
  83. group of symptoms that occur together indicating a particular condition or disorder
    syndrome
  84. combination of simple substances to create something new and more complex
    synthesis
  85. rapid breathing
    tachypnea
  86. literally to pour, across, transference of blood from peron to another
    transfusion
  87. pertaining to across or through the urethra
    transurethral
  88. process of recording sound waves
    ultrasonography
  89. a, an,
    no not without
  90. ab
    away from
  91. ad
    toward
  92. ana
    up apart
  93. ante
    before, forward
  94. anti
    against
  95. auto
    self own
  96. bi
    two
  97. brady
    slow
  98. cata
    down
  99. con
    with, together
  100. contra
    against opposite
  101. de
    down
  102. dia
    through, comple
  103. dys
    bad, painful, difficult
  104. ec, ecto
    out, outside
  105. en, endo
    in within
  106. epi
    upon on above
  107. eu
    good normal
  108. ex
    out away from
  109. hemi
    half
  110. hyper
    above, excessive
  111. hypo
    deficient, under
  112. in
    not, into within
  113. infra
    beneath
  114. inter
    between
  115. intra
    into within

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