Pharm-test 2-sns:psns.txt

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Author:
tundrafox
ID:
62165
Filename:
Pharm-test 2-sns:psns.txt
Updated:
2011-01-26 12:20:06
Tags:
peripheral ns
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Description:
drugs facts
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  1. epinephrine (class/family)
    nonspecific-adrenergic agonist
  2. epinephrine (use)
    asthma, upper airway obstruction, anaphylaxis
  3. epinephrine (action)
    bronchodilator, vasoconstrictor
  4. epinephrine (side effects)
    angina, arrhythmia, tachycardia
  5. phenylephrine (class/family)
    alpha-1 agonist
  6. phenylephrine (use)
    hypotension/shock, nasal congestion, glaucoma, with anesthetics
  7. phenylephrine (action)
    vasoconstrictor
  8. phenylephrine (side effects)
    hypertension, reflex bradycardia
  9. clonidine (class/family)
    alpha-2 agonist
  10. clonidine (use)
    cancer pain, hypertension, alcohol or drug detox
  11. clonidine (action)
    vasodilator
  12. clonidine (side effects)
    constipation, dizziness, rebound hypertension (w/ abrupt stop)
  13. dopamine (class/family)
    beta-agonist
  14. dopamine (use)
    hypotension
  15. dopamine (action)
    increase cardiac output, BP, and renal perfusion
  16. dopamine (side effects)
    ectopic beat, tachycardia, dyspnea, vent-arrhythmia
  17. fenoldopam (class/family)
    dopamine-1 agonist
  18. fenoldopam (use)
    hypertension
  19. fenoldopam (action)
    vasodilation
  20. fenoldopam (side effects)
    hypotension, tachycardia
  21. prazosin (class/family)
    alpha antagonist
  22. prazosin (use)
    hypertension, refractory CHF, Raynaud vasospasm, prostatic obstruction
  23. prazosin (action)
    vasodilator
  24. prazosin (side effects)
    palpitations, weak/dizzy, "first-dose syncope"
  25. propranolol (class/family)
    beta antagonist
  26. propranolol (use)
    hypertension, angina, arrhythmia, migraine
  27. propranolol (action)
    vaso & broncho constrictor
  28. propranolol (side effects)
    postural hypotension, bronchospasm, MI
  29. pilocarpine (class/family)
    direct-acting muscurinic agonist
  30. pilocarpine (use)
    simple & acute glaucoma, intraocular tension, mydriasis, xerostomia
  31. pilocarpine (action)
    miosis, vasodilation, salivation, decreased HR
  32. pilocarpine (side effects)
    blurred vision, myopia, cholinergic crisis, bronchospasm
  33. nicotine (class/family)
    direct-acting nicotinic agonist
  34. nicotine (use)
    smoking cessation
  35. nicotine (action)
    stimulates SNS & PSNS, release of epinephrine, skeletal muscle contraction
  36. nicotine (side effects)
    erythema, pruritis, vasculitis, headache
  37. neostigmine (class/family)
    indirect-cholinergic antagonist
  38. neostigmine (use)
    myasthenia gravis
  39. neostigmine (action)
    increases available acetylcholine and muscle strength
  40. neostigmine (side effects)
    miosis, abdominal pain, sinus bradycardia, cholinergic crisis, cardiac arrest
  41. atropine / atropine sulfate (class/family)
    anticholinergic, antimuscarinic, antiarrhythmic
  42. atropine (use)
    antidote for cholinergic crisis, preop to lower secretions, bradycardia, heart block
  43. atropine (action)
    inhibits the action of Ach on glands and CNS
  44. atropine (side effects)
    tachycardia, constipation, dry mouth, blurred vision, urinary hesitancy

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