Thomas Willis 17th century
Gained knowledge of the brain from very careful dissections
Concluded that the cerebral cortex was the site of higher functions, ad actions and sensations mediated via nerves
Distinction between immortal soul (only humans) and material or coporal soul (shared by all animals).
Animals had rudimentary perception, cognition, and memory
Introduced the term neurology, and coined the term reflexion for describing rapid automatic reactions later termed reflexes