Basic Nutrition

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Basic Nutrition
2011-01-31 16:56:57
Basic Nutrition Diet Therapy

Basic Nutrition & Diet Therapy
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  1. ______________ is the sum of all chemical changes that take place in the body by which it maintains itself and produces energy for its functioning.
  2. _________ is the sum of the processes involved with the intake of nutrients as well as assimilating and using the to maintain body tissue and provide energy; a foundation for life and health.
  3. A _________ is a chemical that an organism needs to live and grow or a substance used in an organism's metabolism which must be taken in from its environment.
  4. A _____________ accredited with an academic degree of undergraduate or graduate study program, who has passed required registration examinations administered by the American Dietetic Association
    Registered Dietitian (RD)
  5. A state of optimal physical, mental, and social well-being; relatively free from disease or disability is reffered to as?
  6. The 3 main functions of nutrients are........
    • 1. Provide energy
    • 2. Build tissue thru growth and development
    • 3. Regulate body processes
  7. The National Health Goals focuses on ____________ and ______________?
    • 1. Positive health goals
    • 2. Disease prevention
  8. The ________ approach identifies risk factors that increase a persons chance of developing a particular health problem.
  9. The __________ approach only attempts to change when symptoms of illness already exist, at which point the person seeks a doctor.
  10. When nutritional reserves are depleted and nutrient and energy intake is not sufficient to meet day-to-day needs or added metabolic stress is reffered to as?
  11. Excess nutrients and energy overtime?
  12. Poor nutrition because of an insufficient or poorly balanced diet or faulty digestion or utilization of foods is called?
  13. What are the 5 revised food groups?
    Grains, Vegetables, Fruits, Milk, Meat & Beans
  14. The field that applies nutrition science to human health and assists in disease management.
  15. Primary source for fuel and energy?
  16. Maintain body's backup store of quick energy and should provide 45% to 65% of total kcals
  17. Secondary storage of heat and energy, animal and plant source, no more that 20% to 35% of total kcals
  18. Primary function is tissue building, should provide 10% to 35% of total kcals. Also a third source of energy.
  19. Foods that provide practical energy (calorie) sources because of their availability, relatively low cost, and storage capacity are reffered to as?
  20. __________ structures vary from simple to complex to provide both quick and extended energy for the body.
  21. Simple carbohydrates such as Glucose, Fructose, and Galactose as well as Simple sugar is called?
    • Monosaccharides
    • Mono Meaning 1.
  22. Simple Carbohydrates such as Sucrose, Lactose, and Maltose as well as Double sugar is called?
    • Disaccharides
    • Di meaning 2
  23. Many sugars such as Starch, Glycogen, and Dietary Fiber is reffered to as?
    • Polysaccharides
    • Poly meaning many.
  24. The most significent polysaccharide in a diet is?
  25. Grains that are refined grains that have nutrients added back to them is refferred to as?
  26. An indigestible carbohydrate, that serves separately as a body regulatory agent.
    Dietary Fiber
  27. This is non digestable and is important in health promotion and disease prevention.
    Dietary Fiber
  28. Three types of dietary fiber that is important in human health.
    • 1. Cellulose
    • 2. Noncellulose Polysaccharides
    • 3. Lignin
  29. This remains undigested in the gastrointestinal tract and provide bulk to a diet.
    Ex. Stems, leaves of vegetables, coverings of seeds, and grains.
  30. This absorbs water and swells to a larger bulk.
    Ex. Pectins, gums, mucilages, algal substances.
    Noncellulose Polysaccharides
  31. The only noncarbohydrate type of dietary fiber.
    Ex. Woody parts of plants
  32. Dietary Fiber is divided into two groups based on solubility. What are they?
    • 1. Insoluble
    • 2. Soluble
  33. Our reserve fuel supply is provided by ____________?