BM_Terms1

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Author:
ChrisC
ID:
62279
Filename:
BM_Terms1
Updated:
2011-02-10 19:36:46
Tags:
Bio Mechanical
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Description:
Bio Mechanical Engineering
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  1. Pathology
    Study of diseases
  2. Atherosclerosis
    • Athero-sclerosis
    • "Arteries" "Hardening"
    • Wound that does not heal properly
  3. Aneurysm
    Blow out in the walls of the blood vessels
  4. Glaucoma
    High fluid pressure in the eye
  5. Ostea
    Bone
  6. Angiogram
    Put contrast medium into blood stream to see under light
  7. Lumen
    The space in the middle of a vein or artery
  8. Cardiovascular
    • Cardio-vascular
    • "heart" "Blood Vessels"
  9. Arteries
    deliver blood from the heart to the organs
  10. Veins
    deliver blood back to the heart
  11. Pulmonary Artery
    Carries oxygen poor blood to the lungs.
  12. Edema
    Fluid accumulation
  13. Pulmonary
    Lungs
  14. Peripheral
    Hands and feet
  15. Ascite
    Fluid accumulation in the abdomen
  16. Systemic
    O2 rich blood goes to organs while O2 depleted blood returns to the heart.
  17. Inferior Vena Cava
    • "Lower" "Vein" "Cavity"
    • Large vein which returns blood back to the heart from the lower limbs
  18. Stenosis
    Narrowing of blood vessel which reduces flow.
  19. Ventricle
    Lower portion of the heart which pumps the blood.
  20. Atrium
    • Upper portion of the heart which primes the ventricle
  21. Capillary
    Small blood vessels which feed cells
  22. Vasa Vasorum
    Blood vessels of the larger blood vessels
  23. myocardium
    "muscle" "heart"
  24. Adrenalin
    • "On top" "kidneys"
    • Organ on top of the kidneys
    • (Norepinephrine)
  25. cardiomyocyte
    • cardio - myo - cyte
    • "heart" "muscle" "cell"
  26. cytoplasm
    "cell" "stuff"
  27. Nernst Equation
    Relates voltage of a cell to ion concentration
  28. Integrin
    Receptor connection between cells and tissue
  29. Sinoatrial none
    • Sino - atrial node
    • "Sinus" "atrium"
    • Sinus - pocket structure
    • Initiates the heart beat as it depolarizes at a fast rate.
  30. Atrial Ventricular Node
    Transmits depolarization from atrium to ventricle with a time delay so the "atrium kick" can complete.
  31. Punkinje Fibers
    Transmit depolarization from atrium ventricular node to heart apex
  32. Hypocatemia
    • Hypo-catemia
    • "Low" "Calcium"
  33. Renal
    Kidneys
  34. Cytoplasm
    "Cell" "Stuff"
  35. Endo/Epithelia
    Inner/Outer Lining
  36. Albumin
    • http://www.freezingblue.com/iphone/flashcards/editCard.php?fileid=62279
    • Large proteins in plasma (most common) which increase osmatic pressure into the capillary.
  37. In/Ex Vivo
    In/Not Living
  38. Rouleaux
    Staking of RBC in a low shear environment
  39. Axial Streaming
    RBC are forced to center of vessel due to pressure gradient formed due to Bernoulli effect.
  40. Erythropoietin
    • Erythro-poietin
    • "Red" "Increase" Drug that increases hematocrit
  41. Hematocrit
    Fraction of RBC by volume in the bloode (~0.45)
  42. hypoxia
    "Low" "Oxygen"
  43. Bolus Injection
    An injection of a small finite amount.
  44. Marfans
    Elastin defect
  45. Scurvy
    Collagen defect
  46. Plasma skimming
    Due to axial streaming side branches may be RBC deficient.
  47. Sickle Cell Disease
    • Defect where RBC becomne rigid and mishaped.
    • Increase viscosity and do not make it through capillaries.

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