Langford History Test
Card Set Information
Langford History Test
Louis' minister of finance. He believed in the theory of mercantilism
Jean Baptiste Colbert
one of Rusia's greatest reformers
Peter the Great
a general who defeated the cavaliers
the decleration of religious tolerance
edict of nantes
forces of britain and prussia battled those of Austria, france, russia, and other countries
seven years war
a conflict over religion, territory, and for power among european ruling families
thirty years war
every prisoner had the right to a document ordering that the prisoner be brought before a judge
King Charles son who inherited Spain, spanish netherlands, and the american colonies
James I son that took the throne after his father died and he always needed money
using western Europe as a model for change
Louis' XIII minister that became the ruler of france and pursued his ambitions in the political arena
consisted of laws that limited the rulers power
government agents who collected taxes and administered justice
group of government ministers who acted in the ruler's name
the idea that nothing can ever be known for certain
a bloodless overthrow of the english king James II and his replacement by William and Mary
a conflict where puritan supporters of parliment battled supporters of englands monarchy
English Civil war
idea that God created the monarchy and that the monarch acted as God's representative on earth
came to the thrown when he was 3 years old
Ivan the Terrible
Charles eldest daughter that got all his Hapsburg territories
period of time during during charles II reighn, after he destroyed the monarchy
the strongest ruler that came to the throne at the age of 5
England, austria, dutch republic, portugal, garman and italian states against France and Spain
War of Spanish Succesion
During the war of spanish succession, who was France and Spain under the power of?
kings or queens who believed that all power within their state's boundaries rested in their hands
russia's landowning nobles
followed his fathers military policies, but also softened some of his fathers laws
Fredrick the Great
the king that was a defender of catholisim?
king phillip II
Where did Phillip battle the ottomans?
Battle of Lepanto
What battle did Phillip battle the Dutch?
Protestantism in netherlands
who used wealth to support the arts, literature, and the army?
What were some economic problems during Phillips reign?
inflation, trade loss from outdated manufacturing methods, debt from using money on wars, and lack of a middle class
the leader against Philips attacks
William of Orange
the netherlands government?
What european country had a policy of relgious tolerance?
the netherlands had a prosperous economy, therefore?
they had wealthy patrons that supportedf the arts
what did absolute monarchs believe in?
the divine right
government built large armies, had heavy taxes, pressure on population caused revolt, and imposed order by increasing their own power are all causes of..
Huguenots = ?
Where did the relgious wars between protestants and catholics occur?
where was the edict of nantes created?
Who was the king of france?
Henry IV/ Henry of Navarre
Who strengthened the france monarchy?
What happened when Cardinel Richelieu strengthened the monarchy?
restricted the power of the huguenots, weakened the power of the nobles, and entered the thirty years war to weaken other european rulers
Who was the absolute monarch of France?
Louis' minister of finance?
Jean Baptiste Colbert
Who controlled nobles?
who created a paalace called Versailles?
ended the war, made German princes free of the holy roman empire, introduced new peace mathod, and began modern state system
peace of westphalia
In what side of europe did the serfs win freedom,moved to urban areas, joined with middle classes and gained power.
In what side of europe did kings put taxes on towns and built powerful armies
What side of europe was more industrialized?
on what side of europe did serfs live on the lands to produce large harvests, nobles sold surplus and kept profits, strong nobility, and weaker monarchs
What country conquered Bohemia and wiped out the protestism?
What country did Hapsburg ruler centralize government and create a standing army?
what country took back Hungary from the Ottomans?
who was austria's main enemy?
In the seven years war, who austria allly with?
what happened to austria in the seven years war?
lost lands in north america and india
who "won" the seven years war?