chapter 15

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chapter 15
2010-02-07 01:18:39
terminology review

Introduction to the Clinical Laboratory
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  1. (for testing laboratory specimens) A method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is performed with an automated analyzer.
    Automated method
  2. Abstaining from food or fluids (except water) for a specified amount of time before the collection of a specimen.
  3. The state in which body systems are functioning normally, and the internal environment of the body is in equilibrium; the body is in a healthy state.
  4. Occurring in the living body or organism.
    In vivo
  5. the clinical analysis and study of materials, fluids,or tissues obstained from patients to assist in diagnosis and treatment of disease.
    Laboratory test
  6. a method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is performed by hand.
    manual method
  7. (for laboratory test) a certain established and acceptable parameter or reference range within which the laboratory test results of a healthy individual are expected to fall.
    Normal range
  8. The liquid part of the blood consisting of a clear, yellowish fluid that comprises approximately 55% of the total blood volume.
  9. Numerous laboratory tests providing related or complementary information used to determine the health status of a patient.
  10. The application of methods to ensure that test results are reliable and valid and that errors are detected and eliminated.
    Quality control
  11. A laboratory test performed routinely on apparently healthy patients to assist in the early detection of disease.
    Routine test
  12. The clear, straw-colored part of the blood (plasma) that remains after the solid elements and the clotting factor fibrinogen have been separeted out of it.
  13. A small sample of something taken to show the nature of the whole.