Civilization Since 1660 - Honors
Card Set Information
Civilization Since 1660 - Honors
What is a supreme war lord or top Samurai?
Who fought over Korea?
China & Japan
What were the Sufis like?
mystial, non-worldy, highly spiritual
What does luther do after concluding his theories on faith?
Breaks from the church, raises protest, finds financial backing from princes for his protests
What happened in Europe when the Printing Press came out?
Communication and Literacy rates went up
What happens to Persia? What do they do?
They are invaded by the Mongels, but after a period of invasion they push them back into Asia
What is China's ruling habit?
When did Marco Plo serve with the Mongels?
After the fall of Rome, what was Europe like?
Where were Calvins views derived from?
Calvinists and Puritans
What is the printing press compared to?
the Internet of today
What did the Fatimas use against the Sunni majority?
What did Luther conclude?
Entrance into heaven could not be bought with money, but must be by faith
What were China's goods like when they reached Europe?
What was the last dynasty to rule China?
How was the main exploration done?
Trade Routes & The Middle Passages
What two people fought over leadership after death of Muhammad and what is the difference in the two?
Sunni & Shi'a - Sunni's leadership was in lineage of Muhammad; Shi'a rejected lineage.
Ming had the last dynasty to be ruled by who?
Who tried to join Luther in protest?
Zvingley of Zurich
What did the Catholic Church do during the Renaissance?
Filled the social and political void left by the fall of the Roman Empire
How was Europe divided in 1560?
Did the Islamic religion stretch far?
What is reformation?
The notion of reforming the church.
Who are the Persians part of? Who do they represent?
Saljuks - Turkish rule of the Middle East
Whose countries did Europe try to mimic?
Greek & Roman
Who wanted China's goods the most?
What happened between Zvingley and Luther?
They couldn't unify, so they made a numerous amount of churches of two different religions (Catholic & Protestant)
What did Colombus reveal to Ferdinand and Isabella?
The world is round.
Who did the Rise of the Warrior Class bring?
Where did Greek and Roman power begin?
Where did Colombus land? Where did he think he was?
Coast of South American Islands. India.
What did Calvin believe?
Christians should oppose all worldliness and wear dark colors
Where did Europe have outside communications to?
Middle East Muslims
What happens after Henry the VIII first child?
Since it is a girl, he grants his own divorce to Catherine and marries Anne Boelyn, a maid who is pregnant by him (she has a girl, too)
When was China's 3rd Great Commerical Revolution?
During the Ming & Qing Dynasties
Who ruled during the Yuan dynasty? How did they rule?
Mongels, by brute force opposing all ethnic Chinese
Where did Colombus venture on his first trek?
How long does the Yomato Period last?
How was Vietnam influenced?
It's geographic location.
What is the difference in China & Japan?
China had many dynasties over time, while Japan had one lasting dynasty.
What was Luther's largest worry?
The sale of indulgences.
Sacrifice for the church was said to bring what?
What religion moves into Japan?
Who led the Navy? How many men were in this armada? What were they doing? Did it bring results? What happened then?
Zheng He. 30,000. Going to surrounding countries forcing the people to pay tribute to the Ming. No. Zheng He was called back.
What was the first Japanese period? When was it established?
Yomato Period - 250 AD
During the Yomato Period, how did contact between cultures happen?
Japan & China make contact by sending people from place to place
What did Emperor Hongwu's era create?
"Period of Prosperity"
Rise of population - into the millions
What did the people in the expansion of the Navy have to do?
Use force to make outer countries pay tribute to the Ming
What was the division in Islam over and when?
Leadership - the late 1600's
In Asia's Late Traditional Era, who had the first dynasties and when?
Ming & Qing - 1368-1911
Who were the Mamluks part of? Who did they rule? Until when?
Sunni - Egypt - late 1500's
Who founded Islam and when?
Muhammad in 1621
After religious divide, what happened to powers in Europe?
Europe divided into two seperate powers, and these powers allied according to region - Protestants overtake Catholics
What caused Japan to have a futile period? What was the result? When?
Shogun fights for power - New era of Shoguns reunited Japan - 1500's
Is Vietnam unified? Under whose control? Who influences them?
Yes, but under Asian control. China & India.
What were three major threats to the Mings?
Mongels (they returned to attack)
Wars with Japan
Manchus (took advantaged of Japan during turmoil)
What did Emperor Hongwu do?
Attempted to build a self-sufficient society in rural areas.
What is China's dynasty cycle?
Rise of Power--> Growth & Expansion--> Heighth of Power--> Over-Extension--> Fall--> Chaos
What did the religious divide of Europe do?
Caused kingdoms to use force to keep everyone within each kingdom all one religion.
Who did the Japanese believe emperors were?
Sons of sun goddesses (sacred deity)
What was the Islamic world influenced by?
Who were the warriors compared to?
What religious ideas were used in Korea?
Buddhist & Confuscious
What was the 16th century economy in China like?
Contact with Europeans was bringing in extra money
Who was the main East Regional Center?
What are the four major Chinese dynasties and when do they happen?
What part of the west was the Regional Center for the Islamic?
Spain and Northwest Africa
Why were the Ming & Qing dynasties so successful?
Efficient beaurocracy & economic progress.
What important things did trade routes do?
Got China's goods to Europe
When did the Rise of Ming happen?
After the collapse of the Mongels
Who rules after overthrow of the Fatimas?
Who eventually drives all the muslims out of Spain?
How was Korea established? When?
By merging three ancient kingdoms in year 68.
Who were the Sunni minority?
When was the Chinese Empire founded?
What was a big part of Ming Power?
Expansion of a large Navy
When was Japan established?
When did the Age of Exploration start?
The Middle Ages
Who settled Japan?
Migrants of Korea sailed across the Sea of Japan
Who attacked the Islamic dynasties of Spain?
How long does the Chinese Empire last?
When did Emperor Hongwu rule?
Who in the Middle Ages caused a strain like the Sunni & Shi'a?
What religion did Europe want to convert the Native Americans?
Protestant & Catholic
What was the point of the Printing Press?
What are indulgences?
The buying or paying off of sins
What did East Asia include?
Korea & Vietnam
What did Shoguns do?
Ran state affairs on behalf of Emperor
What did Islamic schools teach?
What makes the Chinese Empire special?
Longest lived Empire in world history
Who did Henry VIII marry first? What happened?
Catherine - she had trouble getting pregnant, had many miscarriages, finally had a girl (which was bad)
What was Europe's foremost mission after Colombus' landing?
Coverting Native Americans as quickly as possible
What was the most popular type of book during the Renaissance?
How-To-Books, mainly cookbooks
Where was Korea's standing?
Under China as a tributary
Who during the church reformation studied the Bibe & had theories to fix church?
Martin Luther Jr.
The Islamic world is predominately what?
What was the time period of the Qing Dynasty?
How did the Qing Dynasty operate?
They adopted former Ming traditions
How did the Qing want to be seen? How did they do so?
As a monarchy and not invaders - they tried to better the state of China
What was the Qing military like?
A mix of Qing and Chinese
How did the Manchus (Qings) maintain cultural identity?
China's people could not enter into Manchu - no mixed ethnic marriages - Chinese men had to dress just like Manchu men
What did the Qing try to ban?
Footbinding - where women would bind their feet with linen at a young age to stop them for growing (small delicate feet were seen as beautiful)
When was Kangxi's rule?
1662-1723 - Kangxi got reign at age 8, started self reign at age 13
Why was the first 40 years of Qing rule difficult?
Large groups of loyal Ming supporters resisted Qing rule
How long did Kangxi rule?
What did Kangxi do to South China?
Launched wars on them, and subdued their resistance with brute force
What person does Kangxi install to help other parts of China?
Dalai Lama - political & spiritual leader - he enhances Manchu power through Tibet
Who is the Dalai Lama to the Emperor?
A loyal follower
What did Kangxi want to set into place to help prepare people for beaurocracy?
Set up a civil service exam to become a beaurocrat, and set up an educational system to prepare people with knowledge
What did Kangxi's new tax system do?
Fell heavy on the poor and light on the elite
Qianlong ruled when?
Who was Qianlong and what did his rule bring?
Grandson of Kangxi - it brought expansion (Heighth & Fall of Qing Dynasty)
Why did Qianlong hold the Fall of the Qing Empire?
Decades of issues started to surface - corruption, leader disputes, loss of efficient government
How was strain put on economy and government during Qianlong's rule?
Growth in China's population limited food, space, revenue, jobs - as each of these was at a set number while the population was continually growing
Why did Chinese food plan fail?
Tried bringing food in from the New World - soil in China was exhausted
When making contact with Europe, what treaty was made between Europe and China?
Treaty of Nerchinsk
What did the Jesuits bring to China?
New technology, math, cartology
What did China want to do with the Jesuits new ideas?
Use them for military - cannons, maps, new math
What did the Early Jesuits want to do to China?
Convert them - failed
Why did the first round of contact with Europe fail?
Europe began pirating, stealing, taking advantage of China - but it restarted when China needed more revenue (1680's)
What industry is set in China?
What was the first diplomatic thing to happen between Europe & China?
Set boundaries and a contract for trading because of border disputes with Russia
How did China influence the West?
Gained Chinese idea like architecture and Confuscion ideas
What were some historical trends in Japan?
Warring States (1467-1600) & Tokugawa (1600-1868)
Where was political centralization in Japan?
Nobunaga, Hidyoshi, and Tokuguwa Ieyasu
What is a Daimyo?
Second power to Shogun