American National Government
Card Set Information
American National Government
Power flows from the people to the government - what kind of ideal is this?
Imperfectly realized Ideal
Government is completely controlled by a dictator or elite group - social and economic system is not under government control
Perception by the people that the government has the right to establish rules and laws
What takes the pulse of America?
Public Opinion Polls
What concept is important in a Democratic Republic?
The People - every 2 and 4 years
Rule by the people
Politics is the process of...?
Deciding who gets what, when, and how.
A dictator - every aspect political, social, and economic is controlled by government
How do people impact the government?
Power flows from the people to the government
Important governmental decisions are made in the town meeting attended by all eligible voters
Each voter's vote is equal to others
"Rule by the Best" or wealthiest
What are some examples of direct action?
Protests (non-violent), Bombings (violent)
Who did the people of the Republic elect?
The order in society; We depend on government to keep up security to a point
What are some issues confronting the US?
War (terror, Iraq, Afghanistan)
What are politics?
Process that makes government work
Politics is not what?
Not a neutral process
Sovereignity rested with the people
What is government?
Individuals, Institutes, and Processes that make the rules for society and possess the power to enforce them.
Power generally follows what in democracy?
Office - Power can be abused
Does the public will translate to public policy?
Prevent political decisions based on the whims or amitions of the people in government
Does the person with the most votes always win?
No - ex: Bush vs. Gore
Power from the people exercise by elected representatives?
Equality of all people
Rule by the Church or religious leaders
Why were the constitutional framers suspiscious of direct democracy?
They were afraid of passions of the majority
Greatest freedom of an individual - consistent with the freedom of other individuals
What is the best way people can effect government?
What do political parties do for the people?
Help manage choices
Representatives of the Republic were what?
Amateurs at government
Rule by a few
Do National & State levels have direct democracy?
Right and power of government to enforce decisions
What is the foremost purpose of government?
What are some examples of public policy?
Healthcare Reform, Clean Water
Passions that would erode or destroy the rights of the minority?
What are our fundamental political values?
What are some Civil Liberties?
Bill of Rights, the right to bare arms etc
What percent of people feel the government is spending and being wasteful? How many feel they have a responsibility to provide financially?
What are Political Ideologies?
One's set of beliefs about politics (liberal, moderate, conservative)
What is conservative ideology?
The idea that government should play only a limited role in helping individuals - anti-abortion, anti-gay
What is liberal ideology?
Advocacy of governmental action to improve the welfare of individuals, support for civil rights, and tolerance for political and social change
A system has what?
inputs, outputs, and feedback
What are inputs?
demands and supports - what people want - like a write-in candidate
What are outputs?
laws and public policies - answers to the inputs
Where is feedback seen?
In elections and polls
How is America's "system"? Why?
Adaptable - surviving political tormoil including wars, depressions, and crises
What is our Constitution?
Supreme law of the land
The US is the first nation to have what?
a formal and written constitution
How many times has the Constitution been amended?
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Where did he gets his concept from?
Thomas Jefferson - John Locke
What were some antecedents to the Constitution?
The Magna Carta (1215)
Habaes Corpus Act (1679)
Bill of Rights (1689)
Mayflower Compact (1620)
The Colonial Experience (1620-1776)
When did the Continental Congress happen?
When were the Articles of Confederation written?
Under the Articles, the government could not what?
collect taxes, could not regulate commerce, or enforce law
The Constitutional met where and whento do what to the Articles of Confederation?
Philidelphia - 1787 - amend
Before the Articles were revised, what happened?
Who was chairman on the Constitutional Convention?
The Great Compromise was what?
Bicameral Cognress (Senate/House)
Supreme Court & President
Numerous other Issues
Marbury vs. Madison was what?
First time an act of Congress was declared Unconstitutional
American Constitutional System had what significant features?
A Federal System of Government
The Supremacy Clause
Representative Democracy... or?
When were the first ten amendments adopted?
When was the Constitution Ratfied?
How many states had to approve the Constitution to be ratified?
What state never ratified the Constitution?
How did Washington assume spot as president?
The People assumed he would be
How did Washington get to New York to his inauguration? When?
By horse, spring of 1789
What are some benefits included in Article One?
Establish post office, create lower courts, declare war/maintain armed forces, outlaws titles of nobility, money spent must be appropriated
What are some things included in Article Two?
The executive branch, creates president, election by electoral college, president is commander in chief, summon congress into special session
What does Article Three deal with?
President appoints judges
Congress can create smaller courts
trial by jury
Explain some things from Article 4?
Relations among states
recognizes the federal system
grants priveleges and immunities
provides extradition from state to state
lets have new states
What is Article Five dealing with?
amendment of constitution
ways of proposing amendments
ways of ratifying amendments
Talk about Article Six
debt of US
provides that constitution is supreme law of the land
forbids religious test for holding office
Talk about Article Seven
Conventions in 9 states must approve a document
seperation of church/state - free exercise of religion - free speech, press, petition
right to bare arms
forbids housing of troops
guarantees agsint unreasonable search and seizure
no double jeopardy - due process
speedy and public trial - witnseses - assistance of counsel
trial by jury in civil cases
no cruel & unusual punishment
just because a freedom isn't written does not mean it doesn't exist
powers not in congress are given to the state
What amendments are parts of Civil War?
13 - abolishing slavery
14 - guarantees citizenship
15 - no sanctified voting
What amendments effect voting?
17 - elect senators by popular vote
19 - women may vote
23 - citizens of DC vote for prez
24 - abolish poll tax
26 - extends vote to ppl 18 or older
Amendments that effect presidency?
12 - corrects voting by electoral college
20 - changes date of inauguration to January 20th
22 - limits presidency to two 4 year terms
25 - provides succession in case of disability