Phonetics

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Author:
Mcflash
ID:
62397
Filename:
Phonetics
Updated:
2011-01-27 13:29:49
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Vocabulary
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Chapter 1
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  1. Phonology
    Study of speech sounds in a language that has rules for combining utterances
  2. Phonetics
    Study of speech sounds that have physical & articulatory characteristics and the production & perception of sounds.
  3. Articulatory Phonetics
    • Study of the sounds of a language. Structural movement and function
    • (lips, tounge, teeth, vocal folds)
  4. Acoustic Phonetics
    • The study of speech sounds perceived by the ear-sound waves
    • Equipment- ossicular chain, cochlea
  5. Perceptual Phonetics
    Study of the listeners psychoacoustic response to speech.
  6. Perceptual LOUDNESS
    • Psyco--------Loud
    • Acoustic-----Intensity
  7. Perceptual PITCH
    • Psyco-------Pitch
    • Acoustic----Frequency
  8. Perceptual LENGTH
    • Psycho------Length
    • Acoustic----Duration
  9. Perceptual QUALITY
    Quality
  10. Clinical Phonetics
    • Study of application in clinical situations.
    • Includes transcription of speech variations
  11. Aberrant
    Wrong production
  12. Different
    • Dialect
    • Accent
    • Disorder
  13. Dialect
    • Difference in Speech & Language- Rule governed by a society but not wrong.
    • Geographical
    • Social class
    • Ethnic groups
    • Predictable
  14. Accent
    • Phonetic traits of an individuals 1st speech pattern carried over into a 2nd speech pattern.
    • Associated with vowels
    • Always wrong
  15. Ideolect
    Families and small clusters of people who make up their own dialect.
  16. Two way scoring of speech
    (clinical phonetics)
    Correct or Not correct
  17. Five way scoring
    (clinical phonetics)
    • 1) Correct or Not correct
    • 2) Substitution type
    • 3) Omission type
    • 4) Distortion type
    • 5) Addition type

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