Typography Vocabulary

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Typography Vocabulary
2011-02-02 01:38:33
Typography Type Design

Typography Vocabulary for Quiz 1
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  1. Define: apex
    Portion at the top of a letter that creates an upsidedown v such as in the capital letter A
  2. Define: axis
    The real or imaginary straight line on which a letterform rotates
  3. Define: vertex
    Portion at the bottom of a letter that creates a v
  4. Define: ascender
    That part of a lowercase letter that rises above the x-height, as in letters 'b', 'd', 'f', 'h', 'k', 't' and 'l'.
  5. Define: descender
    Portion of a letter that extends below the baseline
  6. What is a ligature and why would you use them?
  7. What is the worst color combination for text on background?
    Red text on Black background
  8. What is the best color combination for text on background?
    Black text on White background
  9. Define: rivers
    Gaps of white space within a body of text sometimes created when using Justified alignment.
  10. Define: mean line
    The imaginary horizontal line that denotes the top of the lowecase letter x
  11. Define: glyphs
  12. Define: kerning
  13. Define: swash
  14. Define: hairline
    The thinnest part of a letter other than the serif. Joins are frequently hairlines. Also, a fine line or rule, the thinnest that can be reproduced in printing.
  15. Define: grotesk
    Another way to describe letters without serifs.
  16. Define: leading
    Originally a horizontal strip of soft metal used for vertical spacing between lines of type. Now meaning the vertical distance from the baseline of one line to the baseline of the next.
  17. Define: en dash
  18. Define: em dash
  19. Define: serif
    A small stroke at the end of the main strokes of letterforms
  20. Define: sans serif
    A typeface without serifs
  21. Define: point
    A unit of measure used by printers, equal to 1/72 inch
  22. Define: ragged-right
    Left-justified text that is flush with the left margin and ragged at the right margin. Unused space in each line is at its right.
  23. Define: verso
    Left-hand page of an opening. It has an even page number
  24. What font may be a serif but is not?
  25. Define: base line
    The line on which letterforms rest
  26. Define: cap line
  27. Shortcut for: en dash
    Mac: Option + Shift + hyphen
  28. Shortcut for: em dash
    Mac: Option + hyphen
  29. What formal type alignment should be used sparingly?
  30. Define: x-height
    The height of a lowercase letter 'x' in a particular font
  31. Define: body size
    The height of the face of the type. Originally, this meant the height of the face of the metal block on which each individual letter was cast. In digital type, it is the height of its imaginary equivalent, the rectangle defining the space owned by a given letter (different from the dimension of the letter itself).
  32. Define: character
    An abstract symbol, represend within a computer by a numerical code. Also, a symbol in a font or glyph.
  33. Define: bowl
    The generally round or elliptical forms which are the basic body shape of letters such as (uppercase) C, G, O, and (lowercase) b, c, e, o, and p. Similar to the space known as an "eye".
  34. Define: glyph
    (1) The actual shape (bit pattern, outline) of a character image. In this usage, ``glyph'' is a synonym for ``character image'', or simply ``image''. (2) A kind of idealized surface form derived from some combination of underlying characters in some specific context, rather than an actual character image.
  35. Define: widow
    The last line of a paragraph that appears at the top of a page
  36. Define: cap height
    The distance from baseline to cap line of an alphabet, which is the approximate height of the uppercase letters. It is often less, but sometimes greater, than the height of the ascending lowercase letters.
  37. Define: orphan
    A header or the first line of a paragraph that appear as the last line on a page
  38. Define: oblique
    A slanted type design, following the letter shapes of the roman variation, as opposed to italic, which is also cursive.
  39. Define: brackets
  40. When referring to a decade, which is correct in type?

    A) 1990's
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Define: set solid
  42. True of False:
    Almost all typographical element are measured in points.
  43. What would you Italicize in an article or body copy?
    Book titles, movie titles, journals or magazine names, journal names & periodical references
  44. Do you use two enters before and after a paragraph anymore?
  45. Who created the first practical reusable type?
  46. In what year was the first practical reusable type created in?
  47. Define: sorts
    Piece of metal type.
  48. Define: OpenType
  49. Define: counter
    The white space enclosed by a letterform, whether wholly enclosed (as in "d" or "o") or partially (as in "c" or "m").
  50. Define: symbol
    Any graphic form such as a letter, number, punctuation mark, or mathematical sign
  51. Define: weight
    Heaviness or blackness of letters. Numerically, the ratio of the widths of vertical strokes to the x-height.
  52. Define: typeface
    A distinctive, visually consistent design for the symbols in an alphabet.
  53. Define: stroke
    The main diagonal portion of a letterform such as in N, M, or Y
  54. True of False:
    Early type was based on 12th century handwritting in Europe, Germany and France
  55. What can be found within the Glyphs panel?
    small caps, ligatures, text figures, tilting figures, ornaments, symbols
  56. The Ampersand or & symbol was creating using that lower case letters?
    e and t
  57. What is another term used to describe slab serifs?
  58. True of False:
    It is recomended that in order to define a new paragraph the use interparagraph space and first line indent.