APES Chapter 9 Vocab

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xjusjaysonx
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62567
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APES Chapter 9 Vocab
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2011-01-28 05:02:05
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APES
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Chapter 9 Vocab
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  1. Optimum sustainable population dependent on cultural carrying capacity
    Level at which most people could live comfortable and with freedom without impairing the ability of the planet to sustain future generations
  2. Population change
    Subtract the number of people leaving a population (through death and emigration) from the number entering it (through birth and immigration) during a special period of time (usually one year)
  3. (Crude) Birth rate
    The number of live births per 1,000 people in a population in a given year
  4. (Crude) death rate
    The number of deathers per 1,000 people in a population in a given year
  5. Fertility
    The number of children born to a woman during her lifetime
  6. Replacement-level fertility
    The number of children a couple must bear to replace themselves
  7. Total fertility rate (TRF)
    The average number of children a woman typically has during her reproductive years
  8. Baby-boom period
    The period of high birth rates between 1946 and 1964
  9. Life expectancy
    The average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live
  10. Infant mortality rate
    The number of babies out of every 1000 born who die before their first birthday
  11. Migration
    Movement of people into (immigration) and out of (emigration) aspecific geographic area
  12. Environmental refugees
    Illegal immigrants
  13. Age structure
    The distribution of males and femailes in each age group in the world's population
  14. Prereproductive
    Reproductive
    Postreproductive
    • 0-14
    • 15-44
    • 45 and up
  15. Baby bust (birth death)
    Rapid population decline
  16. Demographic transition
    As countries become industrialized, first their death rates and then their birth rates decline
  17. Preindustrial stage
    There is little population growth due to harsh living conditions leading to high birth and death rates
  18. Transitional stage
    Death rates drop and birth rates remain high
  19. Industrial stage
    Birth rate drops and eventually approaches the death rate
  20. Post industrial stage
    Birth rate declines further, equaling the death rate and reaching zero population growth
  21. Family planning
    Provides educational and clinical services that help couples choose how many children to have and when to have them

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