WSET Level 2 Certification

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erickgrau
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6261
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WSET Level 2 Certification
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2010-02-07 22:30:03
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Wine WSET
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Flash cards to help with the Wine & Spirits Education Trust Level 2 Exam
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  1. What is the WSET Systematic approach to tasting?
    This approach systematically describes aspects of a wine in the order we encounter them. Appearance first, then to the nose, then the palate and finally we may use our impressions to draw a conclusion about the quality of the wine.

    • Appearance -
    • a) Clarity (clear – dull)
    • b) Intensity (pale – medium – deep)
    • c) Colour (White: lemon – gold – amber Rosé: pink – orange Red: purple – ruby – garnet – tawny)

    • Nose -
    • a) Condition (clean – unclean)
    • b) Intensity (light – medium – pronounced)
    • c) Aroma Characteristics (fruit – floral – spice – vegetal – oak – other)

    • Palate -
    • a) Sweetness (dry – off-dry – medium – sweet)
    • b) Acidity (low – medium – high)
    • c) Tannin (low – medium – high)
    • d) Body (light – medium – full)
    • e) Flavour Characteristics (fruit – floral – spice – vegetal – oak – other)
    • f) Length (short – medium – long)

    • Conclusion -
    • a) Quality (poor – acceptable – good – outstanding)
  2. Which one of the following is true:

    A) hail helps protect grapes from fungal attacks
    B) fertile soil gives the highest quality grapes for winemaking
    C) irrigation is used widely for quality wine production in Europe
    D) too much heat can stop the vine producing sugars
    D) too much heat can stop the vine producing sugars
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. What are the wine considerations for food pairing?
    flavour intensity, flavour characteristics, body, acidity, tannins, sweetness
  4. In order to grow and produce a crop of ripe, healthy grapes, a vine needs

    A) carbon dioxide (CO2) and sunlight
    B) carbon dioxide (CO2), sunlight and pesticides
    C) carbon dioxide (CO2) and water
    D) carbon dioxide (CO2), sunlight, water, warmth and nutrients
    D) carbon dioxide (CO2), sunlight, water, warmth and nutrients
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. What are the food considerations for wine pairing?
    flavour intensity, flavour characteristics, sour, sweet, salt, spice, smoke, richness, fat and oiliness
  6. Acidity is mainly detected at the side and back of the tongue.

    True or false
  7. Compared to red wines, white wines are generally fermented at

    A) lower temperatures
    B) higher temperatures
    C) either higher or lower temperatures
    D) the same temperature
    A) white wines are generally fermented at lower temperatures
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. What is sweetness?
    Sweetness is an indicator of how much sugar a wine contains, though wines made from very ripe grapes can have a slightly sweet sweet flavour even when there is no sugar.

    The part of the tongue that is most sensitive to sweetness is the tip.
  9. What is Acidity?
    Acidity is what makes lemons taste sour. It causes the mouth to water and its presence makes wines taste vibrant and refreshing.

    Acidity is most strongly detected by the sides of the tongue.
  10. What is Tannin?
    Tannin is what makes strong black taste bitter and astringent. Tannins are present in the grape skins and their presence in a wine depends on the amount of skin contact during winemaking.

    Tannin is detected mainly in the gums.
  11. What is Body?
    Body is also sometimes described as 'mouth-feel'. It is the sensation of richness, weight or viscosity and its combinations of the effects of alcohol, tannins, sugars and flavour compounds extracted from the skins.
  12. What is length?
    Length also called the finish, is how long the flavours linger in the mouth after the wine has been swallowed or spat out.
  13. Vines with lots of large bunches of big grapes are most suitable for

    A) intensely -flavoured, complex dry wines
    B) inexpensive, simply dry wines
    C) long lived sweet wines
    D) branded wines
    B) vines with lots of large bunches of big grapes are most suitable for inexpensive, simple dry wines
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Why are there very few vineyards lying closer to the equator than 30 degrees?

    A) there is not enough sunlight
    B) it is too windy
    C) it is generally too hot
    D) nobody has bothered to plant vineyards in these regions yet
    C) it is generally too hot
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which one of the following describes the production of STILL RED wines?

    A) crush - ferment - (25-30 °C) - press
    B) ferment (15-20 °C) - bottle - second fermentation - disgorge
    C) crush - press - ferment (15 - 20 °C)
    D) ferment (25-30 °C) - fortify - age in solera - blend
    A) crush - ferment - (25-30 °C) - press
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which one of the following does not add flavours to red wine?

    A) glass bottles
    B) new oak barrels
    C) fermentation
    D) grape skins
    A) glass bottles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. What are characteristics of Chardonnay from a cool climate?

    A) Intense cherry fruit, low acid, semi-dry
    B) Citrus and stone fruit, medium/high acid, dry
    C) Tropical fruit, medium acid, dry
    D) Green fruit, high natural acidity, dry
    D) Green fruit, high natural acidity, dry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following words indicates that a wine has been aged for a period in oak?

    A) Classico.
    B) Chenin Blanc.
    C) Crianza.
    D) Côtes du Rhône.
    C) Crianza.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. What are characteristics of Chardonnay from a moderate climate?

    A) Tropical fruit, medium acid, dry
    B) Citrus and stone fruit, medium/high acid, dry
    C) Green fruit, high natural acidity, dry
    D) Intense cherry fruit, low acid, semi-dry
    B) Citrus and stone fruit, medium/high acid, dry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. What are characteristics of Chardonnay from a hot climate?

    A) Intense cherry fruit, low acid, semi-dry
    B) Green fruit, high natural acidity, dry
    C) Tropical fruit, medium acid, dry
    D) Citrus and stone fruit, medium/high acid, dry
    C) Tropical fruit, medium acid, dry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. How many standard glasses can you get out of a 75cl bottle of wine?

    a) 3 250ml glasses
    b) 6 125ml glasses
    c) 4 175ml glasses
    d) All of the above
    d) All of the above
  22. Name some Premium regions for Chardonnay:
    • Australia: Hunter Valley, Victoria State, Limestone Coast (including Padthway), Adelaide Hills, Margaret River
    • New Zealand: Hawkes Bay, Gisborne, Marlborough
    • California: Coastal Region, Sonoma, Carneros
    • Chile: Casablanca
    • Argentina: Mendoza
  23. Pinotage is a grape variety that is primarily used for

    A) Portuguese fortified wines
    B) South African red wines
    C) Australian white wines
    D) Californian rosé wines.
    B) South African red wines
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Name the classic regions for Chardonnay:
    France: Bourgogne (Burgundy), Chablis, Puligny-Montrachet, Meursault, Macon and Pouilly Fuissé
  25. Pair 'chewy' meat with tannic wines

    True or false
    True

    Tannin in wine reacts with protein. Foods with high protein content, particularly rare red meat, will soften the effects of the tannin on the palate.
  26. Name some regions for inexpensive or bulk Chardonnay:
    • South-Eastern Australia
    • Western Cape
    • California
    • Central Valley (Chile)
    • Vin de Pays d'Oc
    • Vin de Pays Val de Loire
    • Sicily
    • Southern Italy
    • Hungary
    • Argentina
  27. 'Pale lemon colour; green fruit and smoky mineral aromas; dry with high acidity'

    This tasting note most accurately describes which of the following wines

    A) Chablis AC
    B) Chinati Classico DOC
    C) Oaked Hunter Valley Chardonnay
    D) Cote Rotie AC
    A) Chablis AC
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. What are the 5 steps to opening a bottle of still wine?
    • 1) Remove the top of the capsule, by cutting around below the lip of the bottle
    • 2) Wipe the neck of the bottle
    • 3) Draw the cork as gently and cleanly as possible
    • 4) Give the neck of the bottle a final clean inside and out
    • 5) Pour a sample into the host's glass for approval
  29. Which grape variety is considered to produce high-quality white wines in both Germany and Australia?

    A) Riesling.
    B) Shiraz.
    C) Merlot.
    D) Semillon.
    A) Riesling.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Pair fatty and oily food with high-acid wines

    True or false
    True

    Wines with a good level of acidity can be superb with rich, oily foods.
  31. Pair salty foods with sweet or high -acid wines

    True or false
    True
  32. Match or contrast flavour characteristics of the food and the wine

    True or false
    True
  33. Which of the following pairs of regions are famous for premium wines made from Syrah/Shiraz?

    A) Pomerol AC and Saint Emilion AC
    B) Orvieto and Marlborough region
    C) Hermitage AC and Barossa Valley region
    D) Burgunday and Sancerre
    C) Hermitage AC and Barossa Valley region
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. A severe winter frost may damage the graft and cause the death of the vine..

    True or false
  35. What are characteristics of Pinot Noir from a cool climate?

    A) Intense cherry fruit, low acid, semi-dry
    B) Red fruit, medium/high acid, low/medium tannins
    C) Citrus and stone fruit, medium/high acid, dry
    D) Vegetal, high acid, low tannins
    D) Vegetal, high acid, low tannins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. What are characteristics of Pinot Noir from a moderate climate?

    A) Citrus and stone fruit, medium/high acid, dry
    B) Intense cherry fruit, low acid, semi-dry
    C) Vegetal, high acid, low tannins
    D) Red fruit, medium/high acid, low/medium tannins
    D) Red fruit, medium/high acid, low/medium tannins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Name the Classic regions for Pinot Noir
    France: Bourgogne (Burgundy), Gevrey-Chambertin, Nuits-Saint-Georges, Beaune, Pommard
  38. Which of the following grape varieties is often used to add colour and tannins in a blend with Merlot?

    A) Riesling
    B) Cabernet Sauvignon
    C) Pinot Noir
    D) Pinot Grigio
    B) Cabernet Sauvignon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Coulure causes the vine leaves to turn yellow and reduces photosynthesis.

    True or false
  40. What are characteristics of Cabernet Sauvignon from a moderate climate?

    A) Red fruit, medium/high acid, low/medium tannins
    B) Black fruit, medium acid, high tannin
    C) Vegetal, high acid, low tannins
    D) Black fruit, high acid, high tannin
    D) Black fruit, high acid, high tannin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. What are characteristics of Cabernet Sauvignon from a hot climate?

    A) Black fruit, high acid, high tannin
    B) Vegetal, high acid, low tannins
    C) Black fruit, medium acid, high tannin
    D) Red fruit, medium/high acid, low/medium tannins
    A) Black fruit, high acid, high tannin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Name some classic regions for Cabernet Sauvignon:
    France: Bordeaux, Médoc, Haut-Médoc (Pauillac, Margaux), Graves ( Pessac-Léognan)
  43. What are characteristics of Merlot from a hot climate?

    A) Black fruit, high acid, high tannin
    B) Red fruit, medium acid, light/medium tannin
    C) Black fruit, low acid, medium tannin
    D) Vegetal, high acid, low tannins
    C) Black fruit, low acid, medium tannin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Carmenère is another name for the Merlot grape.


    True or false
  45. What are characteristics of Merlot from a moderate climate?

    A) Vegetal, high acid, low tannins
    B) Black fruit, medium acid, high tannin
    C) Black fruit, high acid, high tannin
    D) Red fruit, medium acid, light/medium tannin
    D) Red fruit, medium acid, light/medium tannin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Which of the following varieties is typically used for dry, unoaked white wines with pungent vegetal flavours and high acidity?

    A) Grenache
    B) Chardonnay
    C) Cabernet Sauvignon
    D) Sauvignon Blanc
    D) Sauvignon Blanc
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Guyot is an example of spur training..

    True or false
  48. Name some classic regions for Merlot:
    France: Bordeaux, Saint-Emillion, Pomerol
  49. What are characteristics of Syrah/Shiraz from a moderate climate?

    A) Black fruit, spice, medium acid, high tannin
    B) Red fruit, medium acid, light/medium tannin
    C) Vegetal, high acid, low tannins
    D) Black fruit, pepper, high acid, high tannin
    D) Black fruit, pepper, high acid, high tannin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. What are characteristics of Syrah/Shiraz from a hot climate?

    A) Red fruit, medium acid, light/medium tannin
    B) Black fruit, pepper, high acid, high tannin
    C) Vegetal, high acid, low tannins
    D) Black fruit, spice, medium acid, high tannin
    D) Black fruit, spice, medium acid, high tannin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Which variety is often used for rosé wines in Spain, and Southern France?

    A) Zinfandel
    B) Chardonnay
    C) Sangiovese
    D) Grenache
    D) Grenache / Garnacha
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. What are characteristics of Grenache / Garnacha from a hot climate?

    A) Red fruit, low acidity, low tannins
    B) Red fruit, medium acid, light/medium tannin
    C) Black fruit, spice, medium acid, high tannin
    D) Black fruit, pepper, high acid, high tannin
    A) Red fruit, low acidity, low tannins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Which of the following grape varieties would struggle to ripen properly, if grown in a cool-climate wine region?

    A) Sauvignon Blanc
    B) Chardonnay
    C) Grenache
    D) Pinot Noir
    C) Grenache / Garnacha
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Name some classic regions for Gernache (Garanacha)
    France: Southern Rhône: (blended) Côtes du Rhôn, Côtes du Rhône Villages, Châteauneuf du Pape
  55. Red wines are generally bottled much younger than whites.

    True or false
  56. Fill in the missing words in the paragraph below.


    The flowers of nearly all commercial grape varieties are hermaphrodite,
    that is, they contain both ______________ and _______________ organs within the same flower. A ____________ occurs when pollen from one grape variety is used to fertilize ovules (eggs) of a different variety of the same species. Some ___________ such as _______________ (Pinot Noir X Cinsault) in South Africa are long established in the vineyards of the world. The only way to ensure that one vine has the same characteristics as another is to take a _______________ and allow it to grow into a new vine.
  57. A wine labelled 'Napa Fumé Blanc' with be made from

    A) Muscadet
    B) Sauvignon Blanc
    C) Chenin Blanc
    D) Ugni Blanc
    B) Sauvignon Blanc
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. Which of the following wines is most likely to have medium sweetness?

    A) Marlborough Sauvignon Blanc
    B) Mosel Riesling Spätlese
    C) Fino Sherry
    D) Coonawarra Cabernet Sauvignon
    B) Mosel Riesling Spätlese
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. What are characteristics of Sauvignon Blanc from a Cool climate?

    A) Green fruit, high natural acidity, dry
    B) Citrus and stone fruit, low acid, dry
    C) Pungent vegetal and green fruit, high acid, dry
    D) Tropical fruit, medium acid, dry
    C) Pungent vegetal and green fruit, high acid, dry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. Both grey rot and noble rot are caused by botrytris cinerea.

    True or false
  61. What are characteristics of Sauvignon Blanc from a moderate climate?

    A) Pungent vegetal and green fruit, high acid, dry
    B) Less Pungent, stone fruit, medium/high acid, dry
    C) Green fruit, high natural acidity, dry
    D) Tropical fruit, medium acid, dry
    B) Less Pungent, stone fruit, medium/high acid, dry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. Which of the following regions produces inexpensive wines from Cabernet Sauvignon?

    A) Chianti
    B) Chablis
    C) Bulgeria
    D) Pauillac
    C) Bulgaria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. Which grape variety is considered to produce very high quality white wines in both Germany and Australia?

    A) Riesling
    B) Semillon
    C) Sauvignon Blanc
    D) Shiraz/Syrah
    A) Riesling
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. Oak chips can be used to give flavour to inexpensive wines.

    True or False
  65. Which grape variety is used for red wines from the Côte d'Or (Burgundy, France)?

    A) Sauvignon Blanc
    B) Riesling
    C) Pinot Noir
    D) Cabernet Sauvignon
    C) Pinot Noir
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Which of the following tasting notes most accurately describes a young wine from Pauillac AC?

    A) Pale gold; exotic fruits aromas; sweet
    B) Intense purple; black fruit and oak aromas; high tannins
    C) Pale lemon, green fruit aromas, dry
    D) Pale garnet with red fruit and pepper aromas; low tannins
    B) Intense purple; black fruit and oak aromas; high tannins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. For each description of a faulty wine identify the most likely cause from the listprovided.

    A 2004 Chablis with a sherry like aroma


    a) Cork taint
    b) Oxidised
    c) Secondary fermentati
  68. For each description of a faulty wine identify the most likely cause from the listprovided.

    An Australian Shiraz with a wet cardboard aroma

    a) Cork taint
    b) Oxidised
    c) Secondary fermentati
  69. For each description of a faulty wine identify the most likely cause from the list
    provided.

    A Piesporter that is cloudy and slightly fizzy -

    a) Cork taint
    b) Oxidised
    c) Secondary fermentation
  70. What are characteristics of Riesling from a moderate climate?

    A) Citrus and stone fruit, high acid, usually dry
    B) Tropical fruit, medium acid, dry
    C) Pungent vegetal and green fruit, high acid, dry
    D) Green fruit, high natural acidity, dry
    A) Citrus and stone fruit, high acid, usually dry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. A maritime climate where most of the rainfall occurs in winter is known as a Mediterranean Climate.

    True or false
  72. What are characteristics of Riesling from a cool climate?

    A) Citrus and stone fruit, high acid, usually dry
    B) Tropical fruit, medium acid, dry
    C) Pungent vegetal and green fruit, high acid, dry
    D) Green and citrus fruit, high acid, dry or medium or sweet
    D) Green and citrus fruit, high acid, dry or medium or sweet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. Large casks have a more marked effect on the flavour of wine than small casks.

    True or false
  74. Which of the following varieties is often used in South Africa for inexpensive unoaked white wines?
    b) Chenin Blanc
  75. Downy mildew is a caused by a fungus native to Europe.

    True or false
  76. Which of the following regions are located in Chile?
    c) 2 and 4 only (Maipo and Rapel)
  77. Malt whisky is made in a continuous still.

    True or false
  78. The word 'sur lie' on a bottle of Muscadet indicates that
    d) it has been bottled directly off the dead yeast
  79. Which of the following varieties is used for making full-bodied reds in Puglia, (Southern Italy)?

    A) Gamay
    B) Tempranillo
    C) Primitivo
    D) Nebbiolo
    C) Primitivo
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. Gamay is

    A) a quality category for vineyards
    B) a grape variety used to make Beaujolais
    C) a method for making rosé wines
    D) a region in Southern France
    B) a grape variety used to make Beaujolais
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. Fill in the missing words in the paragraph below.

    Pauillac is a commune of the _______________district
    in the region of_______________. The best vineyards of Pauillac are situated on __________ soils. The wines of Pauillac are made from a blend of grape
    varieties with __________________ usually being the dominant variety. These wines will generally need _______________ to show at their best. The majority of wines from Pauillac are in the __________to ________
    price range.
  82. The grape harvest in France usually take place about 100 days after the vine has flowered.

    True or false
  83. What is a Cuvée?
    A Blend, often part of a brand name.
  84. Ribera del Duero, Rias Baixas and Toro are all red wines made from the Tempranillo grape.


    True or false
  85. Which of the following tasting notes best describes a mature wine from Barolo?

    A) Deep gold colour; citrus fruit and oak aromas; dry with light body
    B) Pale gold colour; tropical fruit aromas; dry
    C) Intense purple colour; black fruit and oak aromas; light body and low tannin
    D) Garnet colour; red fruit and vegetal aromas; high levels of tannin and acidity
    D) Garnet colour; red fruit and vegetal aromas; high levels of tannin and acidity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. The principal advantage of machine harvesting is speed.

    True or false
  87. What is a Château?
    (Usually in Bordeaux) Indicates that the wine is made from a defined piece of land, though this land maybe sold or added to over time. It does not entail the existence of a building.
  88. What is a 'Domaine' ?
    A producer making wine from grapes grown in their own vineyards.
  89. Within the Côte d'Or, wines from the very best vineyards will be indicated by which words on the label?

    A) Classico
    B) Grand Cru
    C) Sur Lie
    D) Cru Bourgeois
    B) Grand Cru
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  90. Which of the following terms indicates that a Portuguese wine belongs to the 'Table wine with Geographical description' quality category?

    A) Denominação de Origem Controlada
    B) DOCG
    C) Vinho Regional
    D) IGT
    C) Vinho Regional
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. Baumé and Oechsle are both measures of must weight.

    True or false
  92. Carménère is most commonly used for


    A) Fortified red wines from Portugal
    B) Spicy, brambly red wines from Chile
    C) Sweet sparkling reds from Australia
    D) Pale garnet, herbaceous reds from Italy
    B) Spicy, brambly red wines from Chile
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. Oregon is a good source of inexpensive wines from the Pinot Noir grape.

    True or false
  94. Malbec is a grape variety often associated with Argentina.

    True or false
  95. The word 'Beerenauslese' on a bottle of German Riesling indicates that the wine is

    A) sparkling
    B) blended from several vineyard sites
    C) made from very ripe grapes
    D) aged in bottle for a long period before release
    C) made from very ripe grapes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. The word 'Reserve' on a bottle of wine indicates

    A) the wine has been approved by a tasting panel
    B) the wine has been aged in barrel and bottle before release
    C) nothing; this word is not legally controlled
    D) the wine is made from the best grapes
    C) nothing; this word is not legally controlled
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  97. Fleurie AC is a village with its own appellation, lying within the region of:

    A) Côte d'Or
    B) Valpolicella
    C) Southern Rhone
    D) Beaujolais
    D) Beaujolais
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  98. In cold climates grape must often needs to be acidified.


    True or false
  99. The word 'Brut' on a bottle of Champagne indicates that it is

    A) low in acidity
    B) high in tannin
    C) rosé in colour
    D) dry
    D) dry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  100. Cava is made by the same method as Champagne.

    True or false
  101. Prosecco is a

    A) neutral sparking rosé from Spain
    B) sweet sparkling red from Italy
    C) autolytic sparkling white from Spain
    D) fruity sparkling white from Italy
    D) fruity sparkling white from Italy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  102. Vinho Verde can be a red or white wine.


    True or false
  103. Premier Grand Cru is the highest vineyard classification in Burgundy.

    True or false
  104. Compared to Non-Vintage Champagne, which of the following are typoical for Vintage Champagne?

    1) The base wines come from a single year
    2) It is made from black grapes only
    3) It may come from Spain
    4) It spends longer aging in the cellar before disgorgement
    5) It is sweeter
    6) It has more intense biscuity, bready autolytic characteristics
    c) 1,4, and 6 only ( the base wines for the Vintage Champagne come from the harvest of a single year, the wine generally spends longer in the cellar before disgorgement than a non-vintage Champagne, with the result that is has more intense biscuity, bready, autolytic characteristics)
  105. Compared to the tank method, bottle-fermented sparkling wines typically have

    A) a shorter maturation period
    B) bigger bubbles
    C) smaller, more persistent bubbles and complex bready, biscuity flavours
    D) more fresh fruit flavours and refreshing acidity
    C) smaller, more persistent bubbles and complex bready, biscuity flavours
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  106. Which grape varities are used fro the production of Champagne?

    A) Chardonnay and Prosecco
    B) Chardonnay and Muscadet
    C) Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon
    D) Pinot Noir, Meunier and Chardonnay
    D) Pinot Noir, (Pinot) Meunier and Chardonnay
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  107. In marginal climates the harvest often takes place at night.

    True or false
  108. Which method best describes the production of Asti?

    A) Traditional method, with minimal aging to keep costs down
    B) Traditional method, with long cellar aging for autolytic complexity
    C) Tank method, with minimal aging to maximise fruitiness
    D) Tank method, with long aging for small bubbles
    C) Tank method, with minimal aging to maximise fruitness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  109. PX sherry is a suitable alternative to a Manzanilla.

    True or false
  110. Which of the following helps concentrate the sugars to make sweet wines in Sauternes?

    A) Black Rot
    B) Birds
    C) Noble Rot
    D) Viral infection
    A) Black Rot
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  111. Saignée is a technique used to make rosé wines.

    True or false
  112. Rutherglen Muscat is a fortified wine from Australia.

    True or false
  113. Which if the following best describes a German Riesling TBA (Trockenbeerenauslese)?

    A) Golden; tropical dried fruit and botrytis aromas; sweet
    B) Golden; very pure clean varietal fruit aromas; sweet
    C) Amber; oxidative nutty aromas; off-dry
    D) Ruby; black fruit and spice aromas; dry
    A) Golden; tropical dried fruit and botrytis aromas; sweet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  114. Marlborough is a region of South Africa famed for its Sauvignon Blanc wines.

    True or false
  115. Which one of the following varieties is often used in South Africa for inexpensive unoaked white wines?


    a) Malbec.
    b) Chenin Blanc.
    c) Shiraz.
    d) Trebbiano.
  116. What is Gamay?

    a) A quality category for vineyards.
    b) A region in Southern France
    c) A grape variety used to make Beaujolais.
    d) A method for making rosé wines
  117. Wines made by carbonic maceration usually age well.

    True or false
  118. Rufina and Colli Senesi are Chianti districts.


    True or false
  119. A Reserve Tawny Port is

    A) Sweet with nutty aromas
    B) Golden in colour, with yeasty flavours
    C) High in tannins with acidity
    D) Sparkling and dry in style
    A) Sweet with nutty aromas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  120. Rutherglen Muscat is a fortified wine from Australia.


    True or false
  121. Which of the following pairs of countries are major producer of sweet wines made from frozen grapes?

    A) Canada and Austria
    B) Italy and Chile
    C) Argentina and Portugal
    D) Spain and Australia
    A) Canada and Austria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  122. Süssreserve is the addition of sugar to grape must to increase level of alcohol.

    True or false
  123. 'Brown colour; nutty, oxidative aromas; dry and full-bodied with high alcohol'.

    This tasting note best describes

    A) Tokaji
    B) Tawny Port
    C) Fino Sherry
    D) Oloroso seco Sherry
    D) Oloroso seco Sherry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  124. What method is used to make Muscat de Beaumes de Venise ( a Vin Doux Naturel) sweet?

    A) Using noble rot (botrytis) to help shrivel the grapes on the vine
    B) Picking the grapes when frozen
    C) Interrupting the fermentation by fortification with grape alcohol
    D) Adding sugar before bottling
    C) Interrupting the fermentation by fortification with grape alcohol
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  125. What is the base material for Rum?

    A) Cereal grains, such as wheat and barley
    B) Apple or Pear juice
    C) Sugar cane juice or molasses
    D) Any source of fermentable sugars
    C) Sugar cane juice or molasses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  126. Which of the following best describes the differences between Bourbon and a Single Malt Whiskey

    A) Bourbon is sweeter and has no peat smoke aromas
    B) Bourbon is a white spirit, whereas Single Malt Whisky is brown
    C) Bourbon has smoky aromas due to charcoal filtration
    D) Bourbon is lower in quality
    A) Bourbon is sweeter and has no peat smoke aromas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  127. Which of the following may be used as a base material for Vodka?

    1) Cereal grains ( wheat, barley, rye, etc)
    2) Grapes
    3) Potatoes
    4) Sugar cane

    A) 1 only
    B) 1 and 3 only
    C) Any of these
    D) 2 only
    C) Any of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  128. Phylloxera is a vine disease.

    True or False
    False

    This statement is false as phylloxera is an insect pest.
  129. Which of the following is true of continuous stills?

    A) they may produce spirits with a range of strengths and styles
    B) they are the oldest kind of still
    C) They only produce neutral high strength spirit
    D) They only produce relatively low-strength, harsh spirit
    A) they may produce spirits with a range of strengths and styles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  130. The majority of wines from the Pfalz region are lighter in body than wines from the Mosel valley

    True or false
  131. Which of the following best describes a VSOP Cognac?

    A) amber colour; complex floral, fruity and woody aromas
    B) water-white; neutral nose and neutral flavour
    C) water-white; pronounced aniseed and licorice aromas
    D) amber-colour; peaty and medicinal aromas
    A) amber colour; complex floral, fruity and woody aromas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  132. what is the main botanical component flavour of Gin?

    A) wormwood
    B) caraway
    C) aniseed
    D) juniper
    D) juniper
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  133. Seyval Blanc is a crossing.

    True or false
  134. What is the ideal temperature to serve a bottle of Cava?

    A) slightly warm ( 20 - 22 °C)
    B) well chilled (6 - 8 °C)
    C) lightly chilled (12 °C)
    D) room temperature ( 17 - 18 °C)
    B) well chilled (6 - 8 °C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  135. Which of the following wines should be avoided when serving oily fish?

    A) high-acid, low tannin red wines
    B) dry, light-bodied red wines
    C) off-dry, high-acid white wines
    D) high tannin, full-bodied red wines
    D) high tannin, full-bodied red wines
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  136. A Californian producer of a high volume, inexpensive branded wine will mainly source their grapes from the Napa Valley.

    True or false
  137. Rhine Riesling, Laski Rizling and Olasz Riesling are all alternative names for the same grape variety.

    True or false
  138. What can happen to a wine that is left for long periods in a fridge?

    A) nothing except the wine is kept well-chilled
    B) the cork can harden and fail, leading to oxidation
    C) it can cause the bottle to break, due to high pressure
    D) it can cause musty cork-taint aromas to develop
    B) the cork can harden and fail, leading to oxidation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  139. How many units of alcohol (10ml pure alcohol) are in a standard 75cl bottle of a 12% ABV wine?

    A) nine
    B) three
    C) less than one
    D) twelve
    A) nine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  140. Which of the following wines would be the best match for a rare steak?

    A) Brut Champagne (sparkling, dry with high acid)
    B) Beaujolais (red, fruity with low tannin levels)
    C) Sauternes (white, exotic fruit and botrytis, sweet with high acidity)
    D) A young Pauillac (red, tannis, intense fruit and oak flavours)
    D) A young Pauillac (red, tannis, intense fruit and oak flavours)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  141. The Gulf Stream has a warming effect on the climate of western Europe.

    True or false
  142. A wine looks fine, but has a musty, aroma. What is the most likely reason for this?

    A) the wine is affected by cork taint
    B) the wine is too old
    C) it is part of the character of the wine
    D) the wine has been stored in hot conditions
    A) the wine is affected by cork taint
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  143. Which grape varieties are used for the production of Champagne?


    a) Syrah and Pinot Grigio.
    b) Gewurztraminer and Riesling.
    c) Sémillon and Viognier.
    d) Chardonnay and Pinot Noir.
  144. Match the wine to the grape.

    Chablis

    a) Riesling
    b) Pinot Noir
    c) Chenin Blanc
    d) Nebbiolo
    e) Chardonnay
    f) Muscat
  145. Bardolino is a light bodied red wine that can be served lightly chilled.


    True or false
  146. Match the wine to the grape.

    Barbaresco

    a) Riesling
    b) Pinot Noir
    c) Chenin Blanc
    d) Nebbiolo
    e) Chardonnay
    f) Muscat
  147. Match the wine to the grape.

    Asti

    a) Riesling
    b) Pinot Noir
    c) Chenin Blanc
    d) Nebbiolo
    e) Chardonnay
    f) Muscat
  148. Match the wine to the grape.

    Gevrey Chambertin

    a) Riesling
    b) Pinot Noir
    c) Chenin Blanc
    d) Nebbiolo
    e) Chardonnay
    f) Muscat
  149. Match the wine to the grape.

    Savennières

    a) Riesling
    b) Pinot Noir
    c) Chenin Blanc
    d) Nebbiolo
    e) Chardonnay
    f) Muscat
  150. Match the wine to the grape.

    Hochheim


    a) Riesling
    b) Pinot Noir
    c) Chenin Blanc
    d) Nebbiolo
    e) Chardonnay
    f) Muscat

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