chapter 2

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Anonymous
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chapter 2
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2010-02-07 19:57:53
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medical terminology chapter 2
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  1. ad-
    toward, near, to
  2. de-
    down, away from
  3. dia-
    through, between
  4. dif-
    apart, free form
  5. dis-
    seperate
  6. dys-
    bad, difficult, painful
  7. ec-, ecto-
    out, outside, outer
  8. end-, endo-
    within, inner
  9. ep-, epi-
    upon, over, above
  10. eu-
    good, normal
  11. ex-, exo-
    out, away from
  12. extra-
    out, away from
  13. hyper-
    above, beyond, excessive
  14. hypo-
    below, under, deficient
  15. in-
    in, into, not
  16. mega
    large, great
  17. meta-
    beyond, over, between, change
  18. para-
    beside, alongside, abnormal
  19. poly-
    many, much, excessive
  20. post-
    after, behind
  21. pre-
    before, in front of
  22. pro-
    before, in front of
  23. super-
    above, beyond
  24. supra-
    above, beyond
  25. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  26. aden/o
    gland
  27. an/o
    anus
  28. andr/o
    men
  29. angi/o
    vessel
  30. appendage
    attached to or outgrowth
  31. appendic/o
    appendix
  32. arteri/o
    artery
  33. anthr/o
    joint
  34. cardi/o
    heart
  35. cephal/o
    head
  36. cerebr/o
    cerebrum
  37. cyst/o
    bladder
  38. cyt/o
    cell
  39. encephal/o
    brain
  40. enter/o
    intestines
  41. esophag/o
    esophagus
  42. gastro/o
    stomach
  43. gloss/0
    tongue
  44. gyne
    woman
  45. hem/o
    blood
  46. hepat/o
    liver
  47. hyster/o
    uterus
  48. ile/o
    ileum (small intestines)
  49. irid/o
    iris
  50. kerat/o
    cornea of eye, horny substance
  51. lamina, lamin/o
    thin, flat part of vertebra
  52. lapar/o
    abdominal wall
  53. lingua
    tongue
  54. lob/o
    lobe, as of lung or brain
  55. mamm/o
    breast
  56. mast/o
    breast
  57. my/o
    muscle
  58. myring/o
    eardrum
  59. nephr/o
    kidney
  60. neur/o
    nerve
  61. oophor/o
    ovary
  62. ophthalm/o
    eye
  63. orchi/o
    testicle
  64. orchid/o
    testicle
  65. oste/o
    bone
  66. ot/o
    ear
  67. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  68. pharyng/o
    pharynx
  69. phleb/o
    vein
  70. pneum/o
    lungs (air or gas)
  71. proct/o
    rectum
  72. prostat/o
    prostate gland
  73. pyel/o
    pelvis of kidney
  74. rect/o
    rectum or anus
  75. ren/i
    renal (kidney)
  76. rhin/o
    nose
  77. sacr/o
    sacrum
  78. salping/o
    fallopian tube
  79. splen/o
    spleen
  80. spondyl/o
    vertebra
  81. steth/o
    chest
  82. stomat/o
    mouth
  83. ten/o
    tendon
  84. thorac/a
    thorax (chest)
  85. thyr/o
    thyroid gland
  86. trache/o
    trachea
  87. tympan/o
    eardrum
  88. ureter/o
    ureter
  89. vas/o
    vessel
  90. ven/i
    vein
  91. -age
    related to
  92. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  93. -cid
    kill
  94. -cis
    cut, kill, excise
  95. -clasis
    to break down, refracture
  96. -desis
    binding, stabilization
  97. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  98. -iatry
    healing (by a physician)
  99. -ion
    process
  100. -lysis
    loosen, free from adhesions, destruction
  101. -osis
    condition of
  102. -os/tomy
    mouth, forming an opening
  103. -pexy
    fixation, suspension
  104. -plasty
    formation, plastic repair
  105. -stasis
    stop/control
  106. -therapy
    treatment
  107. -tomy
    incision, to cut into
  108. -tripsy
    to crush
  109. -algia
    pain
  110. -cele
    hernia, swelling
  111. -dynia
    pain
  112. -ectasis
    dilation, expansion
  113. -emia
    blood
  114. -gen
    producing, beginning
  115. -gram
    record, picture
  116. -graph
    instrument for recording
  117. -graphy
    process of recording
  118. -iasis
    abnormal condition
  119. -itis
    inflammation
  120. -logy
    study of
  121. -malacia
    softening
  122. -megaly
    enlargement
  123. -meter
    instrument for measuring
  124. -metry
    process of measuring
  125. -oid
    resemble
  126. -oma
    tumor
  127. -osis
    abnormal condition
  128. -pathy
    disease
  129. -penia
    decrease, deficiency
  130. -phagia
    eating, swallowing
  131. -phasia
    speech
  132. -plegia
    paralysis
  133. -ptosis
    prolapse, falling, dropping
  134. -rrhage
    burst froth, hemmorhage
  135. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  136. -rrhexis
    rupture
  137. -sclerosis
    hardening
  138. -scopy
    examination, view
  139. -spasm
    involuntary contraction, twitching of a muscle

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