A technique of depicting volumes and spatial relationships on a flat surface
A person who supports with money, gifts, efforts, or endorsement an artist, writer, museum, cause, charity, institution, special event, or the like
A cultured man of the renaissance who was knowledgeable, educated, or proficient in a wide range of fields
An Italian painter, sculptor, and architect of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Among many achievements in a life of nearly ninety years, he sculpted the David and several versions of the Pietà, painted the ceiling and rear wall of the Sistine Chapel, and served as one of the architects of Saint Peter's Basilica, designing its famous dome. He is considered one of the greatest artists of all time.
Italian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect; the most versatile genius of the Italian Renaissance (1452-1519).
German painter and engraver noted for his portraits; he was commissioned by Henry VIII to provide portraits of the English king's prospective brides (1497-1543) He was a Northern Renaissance poet.
A leading German painter and engraver of the Renaissance (1471-1528) He was a Northern Renaissance poet.
Humanism is an approach in study, philosophy, or practice that focuses on human values and concerns.
A statesman of Florence who advocated a strong central government
The Protestant Reformation, also called the Protestant Revolt or simply The Reformation, was the European Christian reform movement that established Protestantism as a constituent branch of contemporary Christianity
It denotes the period of Catholic revival beginning with the Council of Trent, and ending at the close of the Thirty Years' War, 1648 as a response to the Protestant Reformation
He was a German priest and professor of theology who initiated the Protestant Reformation.
He was an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation.
He was King of England until his death. He formed the Anglican Church and had many wives.
Ignatius of Loyola
He was a Spanish knight from a Basque noble family, hermit, priest since 1537, and theologian, who founded the Society of Jesus and was its first Superior General.
The idea that the solar system revolves around the earth.
The idea that the solar system revolves around the sun.
Came up with heliocentric theory, but could not prove it with his means of science. He published his findings, but it did not make a stir immediately.
Published the book Starry Messenger which detailed his viewing of the moon through a telescope. He clearly supported Copernicus' theories, and his publications created an uproar.
Sir Isaac Newton
Created the laws of universal gravitation. He also explained the laws of motion and developed calculus.
Sir Francis Bacon
Only through observations and repeatable expirements can theories be built.
He ruled England, Scotland, and Ireland for 22 years, often using the title King of Great Britain, until his death at the age of 58
He was King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. He was beheaded with an axe.
Wrote during English Civil War, humans are selfish and greedy.
He was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers.
He was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit and for his advocacy of civil liberties, including freedom of religion and free trade.
He was a French social commentator and political thinker who lived during the Enlightenment. Our government is based on his ideas.
His political philosophy heavily influenced the French Revolution, as well as the American Revolution and the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought.
She was an eighteenth-century British writer, philosopher, and advocate of women's rights
The son of a duke who supported the French Revolution but was nevertheless guillotined, he fled France as a young man and spent 21 years in exile, including considerable time in the United States. He was proclaimed king in 1830 after Charles X was forced to abdicate. He was forced to abdicate in 1848 and lived out his life in exile in England. He was the last king to rule France, although Emperor Napoleon III would serve as its last monarch.
Charles X of France
His rule of almost six years came to an end in 1830 due to the July Revolution, which ignored his attempts to keep the crown in the senior branch of the House of Bourbon and instead elected Louis Philippe, Duke of Orléans as King of the French.
He holds the unusual distinction of being both the first titular president and the last monarch of France.
He was the leader of the Haitian Revolution.
It was a traditional title of persons of the Spanish nobility or gentry.