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Discipline consisting of thoughts and ideas about morality, judging actions right or wrong.
Branch of ethics that recommends specific actions as right and justified. Ehtical thinking that guides human behavior
Ethical studies that explore the nature of moral judgement and moral concept
Branch of normative ethics that emphasizes duties, duty, obligation, regardless of consequences
Goal or end.
Branch of normative ethics that emphasizes consequences of actions. Telling a "little white lie" OK
Which branch of normative ethics emphasizes duties?
What are the 3 basic duties of deontology?
- Prima facie
Duty is binding under all circumstances - ie: not killing innocent people
Duty that is obvious by circumstances surrounding it - ie: treating patient in pain and making scheduled patient wait
Prima facie (Deontology)
Commitment that comes into being after certain conditions are met - ie: unemployment if person is looking for a job
Conditional duty (Deontology)
Consequentialism, moral position that includes consequentialist theories.
Who were the British utilitarian philosophers in the 19th century?
- Jeremy Bentham
- John Stuart Mill
What are the 3 ethical theories?
- Kantian Ethics
What are the traits of utilitarianism?
- Maximal happiness for everyone
- Good consequences
- Desirable results, least misery
What are the 2 versions of utilitarian?
- Act Utilitarian
- Rule Utilitarian
Concerned with individual acts.
Acting in a certain way (keeping promises), promotes happiness, which is a good action.
Concerned with the rule from which an action is derived.
Best way of acting in given situation.
Can avoid problems that act can not.
Actions either right or wrong based on their consequences.
Keeping promises would be which utilitarian?
What involves performing the right action regardless of the consequences?
Certain acts are morally right because they are intrinsically right regardless of their consequences.
What are the traits of Kantian ethics?
- Absolute-moral principles
- Inferred by reasoning
Who were the early philosophers of virtue ethics?
Socrates and Plato
Virtue ethics deals with?
- Character traits of individuals.
- Excellent character = moral person
- Think and act best way for given situation
Examples of virtue ethics
- Kindness to animals
- Honesty in financial dealings
- Truth telling
Deals with issues like justice, rights and equality
Born with rights attached by nature vs. gonvernment
Liberalism and Rights
What did the constitution grant?
Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of happiness
Rights are not _____?
What are the traits of rights?
- Can be revoked or suspended
- Guaranteed for all persons
- Privileges not guaranteed (though not denied)
Must be earned from hard work.
Deals with the wants and needs of people in the real world
Rawl's Theory of Justice
Social justice as a fair deal which members of society negotiate and abide
Rawl's theory of justice
Normative ethics is a branch of what?
What are the branches of normative ethics?