vocabulary list.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
TElaine
ID:
63143
Filename:
vocabulary list.txt
Updated:
2011-01-31 12:28:45
Tags:
TOEIC
Folders:

Description:
TOEIC
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user TElaine on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. economize
    • (vi) to practice economy; avoid waste or extravagance.
    • (vt) to manage economically; use sparingly or frugally.
  2. economical
    (adj) avoiding waste or extravagance; thrifty: an economical meal; an economical use of interior space.
  3. transplanted
    (vt) to move from one place to another. / to bring (a family colony)
  4. transferred
    (vt) to convey or remove from one place person
  5. transported
    (adj) emotionally moved; ecstatic: transported by the music
  6. transmitted
    (vt) to send or forward as to a recipient or destination; dispatch; convey.
  7. dispute
    (vt) to engage in argument or debate.
  8. defeated
    (vt) to overcome in a contest election
  9. deadlock
    (n) a state in which progress is impossible as in a dispute opposing forces; standstill; stalemate
  10. referendum
    • (n) the principle or practice of referring measures proposed or passed by a legislative body to the vote
    • of the electorate for approval or rejection
  11. referee
    (n) one to whom something is referred esp. for decision or settlement; arbitrator.
  12. evacuate
    (vt) to leave empty; vacate.
  13. innocent
    (adj) free from moral wrong; without sin; pure
  14. intense
    (adj) existing or occurring in a high or extreme degree
  15. content
    (n) something that is contained
  16. intend
    (vt) to have in mind as something to be done or brought about; plan
  17. contend
    (vi) to struggle in opposition
  18. inference
    (n) the act or process of inferring
  19. deference
    (n) respectful submission or yielding to the judgment opinion
  20. console
    (vt) to alleviate or lessen the grief sorrow
  21. counsel
    (n) advice; opinion or instruction given in directing the judgment or conduct of another.
  22. council
    (n) an assembly of persons summoned or convened for consultation deliberation
  23. consul
    • (n) an official appointed by the government of one country to look after its commercial interests and
    • the welfare of its citizens in another country.
  24. faction
    (n) a group or clique within a larger group party
  25. fraction
    (n) a part as distinct from the whole of anything; portion or section
  26. friction
    (n) surface resistance to relative motion as of a body sliding or rolling.
  27. lubrication
    (vt) to make slippery or smooth; apply a lubricant to
  28. involuntarily
    (adj) not voluntary; independent of one's will; not by one's own choice
  29. retract
    • (vt) to draw back or in: to retract fangs
    • =I would like to retract my previous comments.
  30. contract
    (vt) to draw together or into smaller compass; draw the parts of together
  31. infect
    (vt) to affect or contaminate (a person organ wound, etc.) with disease-producing germs.
  32. contagious
    (adj) capable of being transmitted by bodily contact with an infected person or object
  33. detract
    (vi) to take away a part as from quality, value or reputation( usually flo.by from), make something worse
  34. overrate
    • (vt) to rate or appraise too highly; overestimate;embellish(to make something better than it sounds and looks)
    • =Vacationing in Thailand is an overrated experience.
  35. overreact
    • (vi) to react or respond more strongly than is necessary or appropriate.
    • =The guy overreacted to his boss's comments.
  36. overhaul
    • (vt) to make necessary repairs on; restore to serviceable condition
    • =We plan to overhaul the car engine next week.
  37. trial
    • (n) the act of trying testing
    • =trial run/ trial and error
  38. testify
    • (vi) to bear witness; give or afford evidence.
    • =The witness will testify in court on tomorrow.
  39. fortify
    • (vt) to protect or strengthen against attack; surround or provide with defensive military works.
    • =We must fortify our business plan
  40. ratify
    • (vt) to confirm by expressing consent approval, orformal sanction, to agree(very formal)
    • =The goverment retify the afreement.
  41. suspect
    (vt) to believe to be guilty false, counterfeit, undersirable, defective, bad,etc., with little or no proof, to believe something is not ture(negtive) ;(Suppose>>>positive)
  42. inscribe
    (vt) to address or dedicate (a book photograph, etc.) informally to a person, esp. by writing a brief personal note in or on it.
  43. subscribe
    (vt) to pledge as by signing an agreement or investment
  44. transcribe
    • (vt) to make a written copy esp. a typewritten copy, of(dictated material, notes taken during a lecture
    • or other spoken material).
  45. signify
    (vt) to make known by signs speech, or action.
  46. sign
    (n) a token; indication.
  47. assign
    (vt) to give or allocate; allot
  48. signal
    (n) anything that serves to indicate warn, direct, command, or the like, as a light, a gesture, an act
  49. chiefly
    (adv) primarily; essentially
  50. affirmative
    (adj) affirming or assenting; asserting the truth validity, or fact of something
  51. cordial
    (adj) courteous and gracious; friendly; warm
  52. seal
    (n) an embossed emblem, figure,symbol, work,letter, etc., used as attestation or evidence of authenticity.
  53. chip(n) a small, slender piece, as of wook, separated by chopping, cutting, or breaking
  54. fertilizer
    (n) any substance used to fertilize the soil esp. a commercial or chemical manure.
  55. hybrid corp
    the offspring of two animals or plants of different breeds varieties as produced through human manipulation for specific genetic characteristics.
  56. disposal
    (n) an act or instance of disposing; arrangement
  57. intersection
    (n) a place where two or more roads meet esp. when at least one is a major highway; junction.
  58. accomplish
    (vt) to bring to its goal or conclusion; carry out; perform; finish
  59. detect
    (vt) to discover or catch (a person) in the performance of some act
  60. inflect
    (vt) to modulate (the voice).
  61. inspected
    (vt) to look carefully at or over; view closely and critically
  62. correlate
    (vt) to place in or bring into mutual or reciprocal relation; establish in orderly connection
  63. coordinate
    (adj) of the same order or degree; equal in rank or importance.
  64. designated
    (vt) to mark or point out; indicate; show; specify.
  65. outfitting
    (n) an assemblage of articles that equip a person for a particular task role
  66. track
    (n) a structure consisting of a pair of parallel lines of rails with their crossties on which a railroad train,trolley or the like runs.
  67. trunk
    (n) the main stem of a tree as distinct from the branches and roots.
  68. truck
    (n) any of various forms of vehicle for carrying goods and materials usually consisting of a single self-propelled unit but also often composed of a trailer vehicle hauled by a tractor unit.
  69. trek
    (vi) to travel or migrate esp. slowly or with difficulty.
  70. more or less
    (adj) in greater quantity amount
  71. competent
    (adj) having suitable or sufficient skill knowledge
  72. consonant
    (n) a letter that usually represents a consonant sound.
  73. consequent
    (adj) following as an effect or result; resulting (often fol. by on, upon or to)
  74. solitude
    (n) the state of being or living alone; seclusion
  75. industrialism
    (n) an economic organization of society built largely on mechanized industry rather than agriculture craftsmanship or commerce.
  76. sanitize
    (vt) to free from dirt germs,etc., as by dleaning or sterilizing
  77. lengthen
    (vt) to make longer; make greater in length.
  78. ominous
    (adj) portending evil or harm; foreboding; threatening; inauspicious
  79. sluggish
    (adj) indisposed to action or exertion; lacking in energy; lazy; indolent
  80. fertile
    (adj) bearing, producing,or capable of producing vegetation, crops,etc.,abundantly, prolific
  81. remedial
    (adj) affording remedy; tending to remedy something.
  82. sensory
    (adj) of or pertaining to the senses or sensation.
  83. retrieve
    (vt) to recover or regain
  84. opponent
    (n) a person who is on an opposing side in a game contest,controversy,or the like, adversary.
  85. familiarize
    (vt) to make (onself or another) well-acquainted or conversant with something.
  86. descend
    (vi) to go or pass from a higher to a lower place; move or come down
  87. mechanism
    (n) an assembly of moving parts performing a complete functional motion often being part of a large machine; linkage.
  88. assembly
    (n) an assembling or coming together of a number of persons usually for a particular purpose
  89. sensation
    (n) the operation or function of the senses; perception or awareness of stimuli through the senses.
  90. sensibility
    (n) capacity for sensation or feeling; responsiveness or susceptibility to sensory stimuli.
  91. sensitivity
    (n) the state or quality of being sensitive; sensitiveness.
  92. journalist
    (n) a person who practices the occupation or profession of journalism.
  93. parallel
    (adj) extending in the same direction equidistant at all points,and never converging or diverging
  94. paralysis
    (n) a state of helpless stoppage inactivity,or inability to act
  95. paralyze
    (vt) to affect with paralysis.
  96. remission
    (n) the act of remitting.
  97. commit
    (vt) to give in trust or charge; consign.
  98. contemplative
    (adj) given to or characterized by contemplation
  99. compatibility
    (adj) capable of existing or living together in harmony
  100. precision
    (n) the state or quality of being precise.
  101. procession
    (n) the act of moving along or proceeding in orderly succession or in a formal and ceremonious manner as a line of people, animals,vehicles,etc.
  102. resolution
    (n) a formal expression of opinion or intention made, usually after voting,by a formal organization, a legislature a club,or other group.
  103. revolutionary
    (adj) pertaining to,characterized by, or of the nature of a revolution, or a sudden, complete,or marked change
  104. resolve
    (vt) to come to a definite or earnest decision about; determine (to do something
  105. subsidiary
    (adj) serving to assist or supplement; auxiliary; supplementary.
  106. wholesome
    (adj) conducive to moral or general well-being; salutary; beneficial
  107. thoroughly
    (adj) executed without negligence or omissions
  108. backgammon
    (n) a victory at this game esp. one resulting in a tripled score.
  109. gear
    (n) an assembly of such parts.
  110. reliance
    (n) confident or trustful dependence.
  111. accustomed
    (adj) habituated; acclimated (usually fol. by to )
  112. acquainted
    (adj) having personal knowledge as a result of study experience,etc.;informed(usually fol. by with)
  113. eligible for
    (adj) fit or proper to be chosen; worthy of choice; desirable
  114. impurity
    (n) the quality or state of being impure.
  115. inferior
    (adj) lower in station, rank,degree,or grade (often fol. by to)
  116. superior
    (adj) not yielding or susceptible (usually fol. by to )
  117. caution against
    alertness and prudence in a hazardous situation; care; wariness
  118. interfere
    (vi) to come into opposition as one thing with another, esp. with the effect of hampering action or procedure (often fol. by with )
  119. substitute for
    (vt) to take the place of; replace.
  120. diagnose
    (vt) to determine the identity of (a disease, illness,etc.) by a Medical examination
  121. plumber
    (n) a person who installs and repairs piping, fixtures,appliances, and appurtenances in connection with the water supply, drainage systems,etc.,both in and out of buildings.
  122. joint venture
    (n) a business enterprise in which two or more companies enter a temporary partnership
  123. reception
    (n) the act of receiving or the state of being received.
  124. inspect
    (vt) to look carefully at or over; view closely and critically
  125. representative
    (n) a person or thing that represents another or others.
  126. implement
    (n) any article used in some activity esp. an instrument,tool,or utensil
  127. sanitary
    (adj) of or pertaining to health or the conditions affecting health esp. with reference to cleanliness precautions against disease,etc
  128. demonstrating
    (vt) to make evident or establish by arguments or reasoning; prove
  129. skeptical
    (adj) inclined to skepticism; having doubt
  130. assessment
    (n) the act of assessing; appraisal; evaluation.
  131. astounding
    (adj) capable of overwhelming with amazement; stunningly surprising.
  132. tension
    (n) the act of stretching or straining.
  133. tendon
    (n) a reinforcing strand in prestressed concrete.
  134. evacuate
    (vt) to leave empty; vacate.
  135. ratified
    (vt) to confirm by expressing consent, approval,or formal sanction
  136. appliance
    (n) an instrument, apparatus,or device for a particular purpose or use.
  137. aptitude
    (n) capability; ability; innate or acquired capacity for something; talent
  138. amplifier
    (n) a person or thing that amplifies or enlarges.
  139. detect
    (vt) to discover or catch (a person) in the performance of some act
  140. carbon monoxide
    (n) a colorless,odorless,poisonous gas, CO,that burns with a pale-blue flame,produced when carbon burns with insufficient air
  141. patent
    (n) the exclusive right granted by a government to an inventor to manufacture, use,or sell an invention for a certain number of years.
  142. flawed
    (adj) characterized by flaws; having imperfections
  143. flawless
    (adj) to produce a flaw in.
  144. transducer
    • (n) a device that receives a signal in the form of one type of energy and converts it to a signal
    • in another form
  145. rigid
    (adj) stiff or unyielding; not pliant or flexible; hard
  146. wavering
    (vt) to sway to and fro; flutter
  147. intensifying
    (vt) to make intense or more intense.
  148. fluctuating
    (vi) to change continually; shift back and forth; vary irregularly
  149. microscopic
    (adj) so small as to be invisible or indistinct without the use of the microscope
  150. sustained
    (vt) to support,hold,or bear up from below; bear the weight of , as a structure.
  151. consult
    (vt) to seek advice or information from; ask?guidance from
  152. constrain
    (vt) to force,compel,or oblige
  153. approximate
    (adj) near or approaching a certain state,condition,goal,or standard.
  154. lease
    (n) the property leased.
  155. resemble
    (vt) to be like or similar to.
  156. obsolete
    (adj) no longer in general use; fallen into disuse
  157. component
    (n) a constituent part; element; ingredient.
  158. defective
    (adj) having a defect or flaw; faulty; imperfect
  159. definable
    (adj) having a defect or flaw; faulty; imperfect
  160. exhausting
    (adj) producing or tending to produce fatigue,weariness,or the like
  161. vast
    (adj) of very great area or extent; immense
  162. optician
    (n) a maker or seller of optical glass and instruments.
  163. fabric
    • (n) a cloth made by weaving,knitting,or felting fibers
    • =woolen fabrics
  164. revelation
    (n) the act of revealing or disclosing; disclosure.
  165. press release
    (n) a statement prepared and distributed to the press by a public relations firm, governmental agency
  166. affirm
    (vt) to state or assert positively; maintain as true
  167. affixe
    (vt) to fasten,join,or attach(usually fol.by to)
  168. denouncing
    (vt) to condemn or censure openly or publicly
  169. renouncing
    (vt) to give up or put aside voluntarily
  170. distorted
    (adj) not truly or completely representing the facts or reality; misrepresented; false
  171. discarded
    (vt) to cast aside or dispose of; get rid of
  172. disbanded
    (vt) to break up or dissolve (an organization
  173. repel
    (vt) to drive or force back (an assailant,invader,etc.)
  174. repellant
    (adj) causing distaste or aversion; repulsive.
  175. prototype
    (n) the original or model on which something is based or formed.
  176. molded
    (n) a hollow form or matrix for giving a particular shape to something in a molten or plastic state.
  177. crayon
    (n) a pointed stick or pencil of colored clay,chalk,wax,etc.,used for drawing or coloring.
  178. petroleum
    (n) an oily,thick,flammable, usually dark-colored liquid that is a form of bitumen or a mixture of various hydrocarbons, occurring naturally in various parts of the world and commonly obtained by drilling
  179. paraffin
    (vt) to cover or impregnate with paraffin.
  180. solid
    (adj) having three dimensions (length,breadth,and thickness)as a geometrical body or figure.
  181. prone
    (adj) having a natural inclination or tendency to something; disposed; liable
  182. flaking
    (n) a small,flat,thin piece, esp.one that has been or become detached from a larger piece or mass
  183. wound up
    (v phrase) to bring to a state of great tension; excite (usually used in the past participle
  184. tenant
    (n) a person or group that rents and occupies land, a house,an office.or the like,from another for a period of time; lessee.
  185. convey
    (vt) to carry,bring,or take from one place to another;transport;bear.
  186. portfolio
    (n) a flat portable case for carrying loose papers,drawings,etc.
  187. piston
    (n) a pumplike valve used to change the pitch in a cornet or the like.
  188. fuel
    (n) combustible matter used to maintain fire,as coal,wood,oil or gas, in order to create heat
  189. virtually
    (adv) for the most part; almost wholly; just about
  190. eliminate
    (vt) to remove or get rid of esp. as being in some way undesirable
  191. perishable
    (adj) subject to decay, ruin,or destruction
  192. jeopardy
    (n) hazard or risk of or exposure to loss,harm,death,or injury
  193. repetition
    (n) the act of repeating; repeated action,performance,production,or presentation
  194. reputation
    (n) the estimation in which a person or thing is held esp. by the community or the public generally; repute
  195. reparation
    (n) the making of amends for wrong or injury done
  196. retract
    (vt) to draw back or in
  197. retrieve
    (vt) to recover or regain
  198. dimensional
    (n) scope; importance
  199. constitutionality
    (n) the quality of being constitutional.
  200. linguistic
    (adj) of or belonging to language
  201. invasion
    • (n) the entrance or advent of anything troublesome or harmful
    • as disease.
  202. encroached
    (vt) to advance beyond proper,established,or usual limits;make gradual inroads
  203. annex
    (vt) to attach,append,or add,esp.to something larger or more important.
  204. premise
    (n) a tract of land including its buildings.
  205. franchise
    (n) a privilege of a public nature conferred on an individual,group,or company by a government
  206. brochure
    (n) a pamphlet or leaflet.
  207. ample
    (adj) fully sufficient or more than adequate for the purpose or needs; plentiful; enough
  208. plenary
    (adj) full; complete; entire; absolute; unqualified
  209. convention
    (n) an agreement,compact,or contract.
  210. courteous
    (adj) having or showing good manners; polite.
  211. contrast
    (vt) to compare in order to show unlikeness or differences; note the opposite natures,purposes,etc.
  212. discarede
    (adj) apart or detached from others; separate; distinct
  213. congestion
    (n) overcrowding; clogging
  214. disposed
    (adj) having a certain inclination or disposition; inclined (usually fol. by to or an infinitive)
  215. surplus
    (n) something that remains above what is used or needed.
  216. solicit
    (vt) to seek for (something) by entreaty,earnest or respectful request,formal application,etc
  217. condominium
    (n) a unit in such a building.
  218. imperceptible
    (adj) very slight,gradual,or subtle
  219. ultrasonic
    (adj) of,pertaining to,or utilizing ultrasound.
  220. plaque
    (n) a thin,flat plate or tablet of metal,porcelain,etc., intended for ornament,as on a wall, or set in a piece of furniture.
  221. diligent
    (adj) constant in effort to accomplish something; attentive and persistent in doing anything
  222. articulate
    (adj) uttered clearly in distinct syllables.
  223. distort
    (vt) to twist awry or out of shape; make crooked or deformed
  224. dull
    (adj) not sharp; blunt
  225. brochure
    (n) a pamphlet or leaflet.
  226. non-confidential
    (adj) spoken,written,acted on,etc.,in strict privacy or secrecy;secret
  227. curriculum vitae
    • (n) Also called vita,vitae. a brief biographical resume of one's career and training
    • as prepared by a person applying for a job.
  228. misle
    • To rain in very fine drops
    • like a thick mist; to mizzle.
  229. deputy
    (n) a person appointed or authorized to act as a substitute for another or others.
  230. compliance
    (n) the act of conforming,acquiescing,or yielding.
  231. combustion
    (n) the act or process of burning.
  232. infrared
    (adj) noting or pertaining to the infrared or its component rays
  233. attorney
    (n) a lawyer; attorney-at-law.
  234. contractual
    (adj) of,pertaining to,or secured by a contract.
  235. glossary
    (n) a list of terms in a special subject,field,or area of usage,with accompanying definitions.
  236. straightforward
    (adj) going or directed straight ahead
  237. terminology
    (n) the system of terms belonging or peculiar to a science,art,or specialized subject;nomenclature
  238. habiutate
    (vt) to accustom (a person,the mind,etc.)as to a particular situation.
  239. habitat
    (n) the natural environment of an organism; place that is natural for the life and growth of an organism
  240. - ation
    processing
  241. aboriginal
    (adj) of,pertaining to,ortypical of aborigines
  242. blade
    (n) the flat cutting part of a sword,knife,etc.
  243. barter
    (vi) to trade by exchange of commodities rather than by the use of money.
  244. counteract
    (vt) to act in opposition to; frustrate by contrary action
  245. trek
    (vi) to travel or migrate,esp. slowly or with difficulty.
  246. counter -
    againest
  247. pedal
    • (n) a leverlike part worked by the foot to supply power in various mechanisms
    • as the bicycle.
  248. stroke
    (n) the act or an instance of striking,as with the fist,a weapon,or a hammer;a blow.
  249. rear
    (n) the back of something,as distinguished from the front
  250. motion
    (n) the action or process of moving or of changing place or position; movement.
  251. accelerate
    (vt) to cause faster or greater activity,development,progress,advancememt,etc.,
  252. gamelan
    (n) an Indonesian orchestra consisting of bowed stringed instruments,flutes,and a great variety of percussion instruments.
  253. intriguing
    (vt) to arouse the curiosity or interest of by unusual,new,or otherwise fascinating or compelling qualities; appeal strongly to; captivate
  254. atmosphere
    (n) the gaseous envelope surrounding the earth; the air.
  255. pilot
    (n) a person who steers a ship.
  256. practice
    (n) habitual or customary performance; operation: office practice.
  257. commentary
    (n) a series of comments,explanations,or annotations
  258. resistance
    (n) the act or power of resisting,opposing,or withstanding.
  259. clipping
    (n) the act of a person or thing that clips.
  260. forum
    (n) a court or tribunal
  261. a corporate retreat

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview