UL 1

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UL 1
2011-01-31 16:47:59

Axilla, Brachial plexus
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  1. What bones make up the Pectoral Girdle?
    • Clavicle
    • Scapula
  2. What are the joints of the clavicle?
    • Sternoclavicular
    • Acromioclavicular
  3. The transition between the neck and the arm is called this
  4. What makes the inlet of the axilla?
    • Medial: 1st rib
    • Anterior: Clavicle
    • Posterior: Scapula
  5. What makes the anterior wall of the axilla?
    • Pectoralis major
    • Pectoralis minor
    • Subclavius
    • Clavicopectoral fascia
  6. What makes the posterior wall of the axilla?
    • Subscapularis
    • Latissimus dorsi
    • Teres major
    • Long head of triceps brachii
  7. What makes the medial wall of the axilla?
    • Ribs
    • Seratus anterior
  8. What makes the lateral wall of the axilla?
    Intertubercular sulcus
  9. Diagram A
  10. What is the origin of the Pectoralis Major?
    • Clavicular head: medial bit of clavicle
    • Sternocostal head: sternum
  11. What is the insertion of the Pectoralis Major?
    intertubercular sulcus of humerus
  12. Which nerves supply the Pectoralis Major?
    Medial and lateral pectoral nerves
  13. What does the Pectoralis Major do?
    • adduction
    • medial rotation
    • flexion of extended arm
    • extension of flexed arm
  14. Where does the Pectoralis Minor run?
    From ribs 3, 4, 5 to coracoid process of scapula
  15. What does the Pectoralis Minor do?
    Pulls the shoulder down
  16. What nerve supplies the Pectoralis Minor?
    Medial pectoral nerve
  17. What does the Subclavius do?
    Stabalises the sternoclavicular joint
  18. What nerve supplies the Subclavius?
    Nerve to the Subclavius (C5, 6)
  19. What does the Seratus Anterior do?
    • Protraction
    • Retraction
  20. What nerve supplies the Seratius Anterior?
    Long thoracic nerve (C5, 6, 7)
  21. What does the Subscapularis do?
    Medially rotation at glenohumeral joint
  22. Which nerves supply the Subscapularis?
    Superior and inferior subscapular nerves
  23. Where does the Teres Major run?
    From scapula to intertubercular sulcus of humerus
  24. What does the Teres Major do?
    Extension and medial rotation of arm
  25. What nerve supplies the Teres Major
    Inferior subscapularis
  26. What does the latissimus dorsi do?
    • Adduction
    • Extension
    • Medial rotation
  27. What nerve supplies the Latissimus Dorsi?
    Thoracodorsal nerve
  28. What are the contents of the axilla?
    • Fascia
    • Axillary artery
    • Brachial Plexus
    • Axillary Vein
    • Lymphatics
  29. The Subclavian artery becomes this
    Axillary artery
  30. The axillary artery starts here
    lateral part of rib 1
  31. The axillary artery become this
    Brachial artery
  32. The brachial artery starts here
    Lower border of Teres Major
  33. This is a branch of the first part of AA
    Superior thoracic artery
  34. These are branches of the second part of AA
    • Thoraco-acromial
    • Lateral thoracic artery
  35. These are branches of the third part of AA
    • Subscapular artery
    • Anterior circumflex humeral
    • Posterior circumflex humeral
  36. These arteries supply the glenohumeral joint
    • Anterior circumflex humeral
    • Posterior circumflex humeral
  37. The basilic vein becomes this
    Axillary vein
  38. The axillary vein becomes this
    Subclavian vein
  39. The axillary vein is joined by this
    Cephalic vein
  40. Diagram B
  41. What are the branches of the Lateral Cord?
    • Lateral pectoral
    • Lateral branch of median nerve
    • Musculotaneous
  42. What are the branches of the Medial Cord?
    • Medial pectoral
    • Medial cutaneous of arm
    • Medial cutaneous of forearm
    • Medial branch of median nerve
    • Ulnar
  43. What are the branches of the Posterior Cord?
    • Superior subscapular
    • Thoracodorsal
    • Axillary
    • Radial
    • Inferior Subscapular
  44. Groups of lymph nodes in the axilla are called this
    • Pectoral
    • Apical
    • Central
    • Humeral
    • Subscapular
  45. These nodes mainly drain the upper limb
    Humeral nodes
  46. These nodes drain the chest, abdominal wall and mammary glands
    Pectoral nodes
  47. These nodes drain the back, neck and shoulders
    Subclavian nodes