geol 106 unit 1

The flashcards below were created by user brebeccab on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Image Upload
    • igneous
    • rhyolite
    • felsic
    • K feldspar, micas, quartz
    • fine-grained
    • rapid cooling
    • extrusive
    • high Si, Al
    • low Fe, Mg
    • pinkish
  2. Image Upload
    • igneous
    • granite
    • felsic
    • K feldspar, micas, quartz
    • coarse-grained
    • slow cooling
    • intrusive
    • high Si, Al
    • low Fe, Mg
    • pink/black/white
  3. Image Upload
    • igneous
    • obsidion
    • intermediate
    • glassy
    • very rapid cooling
    • extrusive/volcanic
    • dark
  4. Image Upload
    • igneous
    • andesite
    • amphibole, plagioclase feldspar
    • intermediate
    • fine-grained
    • rapid cooling
    • extrusive
    • light gray
  5. Image Upload
    • igneous
    • diorite
    • intermediate
    • amphibole, plagioclase feldspar
    • coarse-grained
    • slow-cooling
    • intrusive
    • salt and pepper
  6. Image Upload
    • igneous
    • basalt
    • mafic
    • olivine, pyroxene, Ca rich plagioclase feldspar
    • fine-grained
    • rapid cooling
    • extrusive
    • low Si, Al
    • high Fe, Mg
    • dark gray/black
  7. Image Upload
    • igneous
    • gabbro
    • olivine, pyroxene, Ca rich plagioclase feldspar
    • coarse-grained
    • slow cooling
    • intrusive
    • low Si, Al
    • high Fe, Mg
    • gray/black/green
  8. Image Upload
    • mineral
    • magnetite
    • metallic
    • oxide
    • black streak
    • fractures
    • hardness 6
  9. Image Upload
    • mineral
    • pyrite
    • metallic
    • sulfide
    • gray/black streak
    • fractures
    • hardness 6
  10. Image Upload
    • mineral
    • limonite
    • metallic
    • yellow/brown streak
    • rusty color
    • fractures
    • hardness 1-6
  11. Image Upload
    • mineral
    • pyroxene
    • aluminum silicate
    • dark nonmetallic
    • 2 cleaveges at 90deg
    • pale gray streak
    • greenish-black
    • hardness 6
  12. Image Upload
    • mineral
    • amphibole
    • aluminum silicate
    • dark nonmetallic
    • pale green streak
    • 2 cleavages not 90deg
    • hardness 6
  13. Image Upload
    • mineral
    • olivine
    • silicate
    • dark nonmetallic
    • fracture
    • hardness 6.5
  14. Image Upload
    • mineral
    • biotite mica
    • aluminum silicate
    • dark nonmetallic
    • pale gray streak
    • one plane cleavage
    • hardness 2
  15. Image Upload
    • mineral
    • quartz
    • silicate
    • light nonmetallic
    • fracture
    • crystal form
    • hardness 7
  16. Image Upload
    • mineral
    • plagioclase feldspar
    • aluminum silicate
    • light nonmetallic
    • 2 cleavages at 90deg
    • hardness 6
  17. Image Upload
    • mineral
    • potassium feldspar
    • silicate
    • light nonmetallic
    • 2 cleavage at 90deg
    • hardness 6
  18. Image Upload
    • mineral
    • calcite
    • carbonate
    • light nonmetallic
    • rhombohedron
    • fizzes w/ HCl
    • hardness 3.5
  19. Image Upload
    • mineral
    • halite
    • halide
    • light nonmetallic
    • cubic
    • hardness 2.5
  20. Image Upload
    • mineral
    • muscovite mica
    • aluminum silicate
    • light nonmetallic
    • cleavage on one plane
    • hardness 2
  21. Image Upload
    • sedimentary
    • conglomerate
    • detrital
    • large grain
    • found in:
    • - alluvial fans
    • - base of mntns
    • - mntns
    • - coastal plains
  22. Image Upload
    • sedimentary
    • breccia
    • detrital
    • large grain
    • found in:
    • - base of mntns
    • - mntns
  23. Image Upload
    • sedimentary
    • sandstone
    • detrital
    • medium grain
    • quartz and feldspar
    • found in:
    • - shallow ocean
    • - sandy beaches
    • - coastal plain
    • - mntns
    • - base of mntns
    • - dunes
  24. Image Upload
    • sedimentary
    • shale
    • detrital
    • fine grain
    • clay
    • found in:
    • - deep ocean
    • - shallow ocean
    • - coastal plane
  25. Image Upload
    • sedimentary
    • fossiliferous limestone
    • chemical
    • large grain
    • fizzes with HCl
    • found in:
    • - shallow ocean
  26. Image Upload
    • sedimentary
    • coal
    • chemical
    • large grain
    • found in:
    • - swamp
  27. Image Upload
    • sedimentary
    • rock salt (halite)
    • chemical
    • evaporite
    • large grain
    • found in:
    • - dry lake
  28. Image Upload
    • sedimentary
    • crystalline limestone
    • chemical
    • evaporite
    • fine grain
    • fizzes with HCl
    • found in:
    • - deep ocean
  29. Image Upload
    • sedimentary
    • diatomite
    • fine grain
    • chalky
    • fizzes with HCl
    • found in:
    • - deep ocean
Author:
brebeccab
ID:
63216
Card Set:
geol 106 unit 1
Updated:
2011-02-08 05:54:07
Tags:
rocks minerals
Folders:

Description:
rocks & minerals
Show Answers: