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Which letters are true Gutturals?
aleph, he, het, ayin
What are the three characteristics governing the gutturals?
- 1. they refuse redoubling
- 2. prefer 'a-class' vowels
- 3. prefer compound shewa
Identify the strong gutturals:
he and het
identify the weak gutturals:
which letters of the Hebrew alphabet sometimes lose their consonantal character and become silent?
aleph, he, waw, yod
which letters are labials? why are they called labials?
- - bet, pe, mem
- - they are called labial because the lips are used to pronounce them.
Identify the 2 different kinds of dagesh:
weak and strong
which letters take the weak dagesh? how does the weak dagesh affect the pronunciation of these letters?
- - bet, gimel, dalet, kap, pe, tav (bgad-kaphath)
- - it hardens their pronunciation
When is the weak dagesh omitted from one of these (bgad-kphath) letters?
- 1. when it does not begin a syllable
- 2. when a vowel is immediately preceding it.
what letters accept the strong dagesh? and what effect does it have on these letters?
- - all letters except gutturals and resh (usually)
- - it doubles the letters
Why is the strong dagesh most commonly employed?
- 1. as compensation for a letter that has elided (dropped out)
- 2. Verbal intensifier