Definitions/Review

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Author:
s_lopez1223
ID:
63332
Filename:
Definitions/Review
Updated:
2011-02-05 21:40:29
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Nursing
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ch 1 2 3
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  1. aden/o
    gland
  2. arthr/o
    joint
  3. bi/o
    life
  4. carcin/o
    cancerous, cancer
  5. cardi/o
    heart
  6. cephal/o
    head
  7. cerebr/o
    cerebrum
  8. cis/o
    to cut
  9. crin/o
    to secrete
  10. cyst/o
    urinary bladder
  11. derm/o, dermat/o
    skin
  12. electr/o
    electricity
  13. encephal/o
    brain
  14. enter/o
    intestines
  15. erythr/o
    red
  16. gastr/o
    stomach
  17. glyc/o
    sugar
  18. gnos/o
    knowledge
  19. gynec/o
    female
  20. hem/o, hemat/o
    blood
  21. hepat/o
    liver
  22. iatr/o
    treatment, doctor
  23. leuk/o
    white
  24. log/o
    study
  25. nephr/o
    kidney
  26. neur/o
    nerve
  27. onc/o
    tumor
  28. ophthalm/o
    eye
  29. oste/o
    bone
  30. path/o
    disease
  31. ped/o
    child
  32. psych/o
    mind
  33. radi/o
    x-ray
  34. ren/o
    kidney
  35. rhin/o
    nose
  36. thromb/o
    clot, clotting
  37. -ac
    petaining to
  38. -al
    pertaining to
  39. -algia
    pain
  40. -cyte
    cell
  41. -ectomy
    removal, excision
  42. -emia
    blood condition
  43. -genic
    pertaining to producing
  44. -globin
    protein
  45. -gram
    record
  46. -ic, -ical
    pertaining to
  47. -ion
    process
  48. -ist
    specialist
  49. -itis
    inflammation
  50. -logy
    study of
  51. -oma
    tumor, mass, swelling
  52. -opsy
    process of viewing
  53. -osis
    condition
  54. -pathy
    disease condition
  55. -scope
    instrument to visually examine
  56. -scopy
    process of visually examining with endoscope
  57. -sis
    state of, condition
  58. -tomy
    process of cutting, excision
  59. -y
    process, condition
  60. a-, an-
    no, not, without
  61. aut-, auto-
    self, own
  62. dia-
    through, complete
  63. end-, endo-
    within
  64. epi-
    above
  65. ex-, exo-
    out, outside of, outward
  66. hyper-
    excessive, above
  67. hypo-
    deficient, below
  68. in-
    into in
  69. peri-
    sorrounding, around
  70. pro-
    before, forward
  71. re-
    back, backward
  72. retro-
    behind
  73. sub-
    below, under
  74. trans-
    across
  75. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  76. adip/o
    fat
  77. anter/o
    front
  78. bol/o
    to cast/ throw
  79. cervic/o
    neck
  80. chondr/o
    cartilage
  81. chrom/o
    color
  82. coccyg/o
    coccyx
  83. crani/o
    skull
  84. cyt/o
    cell
  85. dist/o
    far, distant
  86. dors/o
    back portion of body
  87. hist/o
    tissue
  88. ili/o
    ilium
  89. inguin/o
    groin
  90. kary/o
    nucleus
  91. later/o
    side
  92. lumb/o
    lower back
  93. medi/o
    middle
  94. nucle/o
    nucleus
  95. pelv/i
    pelvis, hip, region
  96. poster/o
    back, behind
  97. sarc/o
    flesh
  98. spin/o
    spine, backbone
  99. thel/o
    nipple
  100. thorac/o
    chest
  101. umbilic/o
    navel, umbilicus
  102. ventr/o
    bellyside of the body
  103. vertebr/o
    vertebra(e), backbone
  104. viscer/o
    internal organs
  105. ana-
    up
  106. cata-
    down
  107. epi-
    above
  108. hypo-
    below
  109. inter-
    between
  110. meta-
    charge
  111. -eal
    pertaining to
  112. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  113. -iac
    pertaning to
  114. ior-
    pertaining to
  115. -ism
    process of, condition
  116. -oma
    tumor
  117. -ose
    pertaining to, full of
  118. -plasm
    formation
  119. -somes
    bodies
  120. -tomy
    process of cutting, incision
  121. -type
    picture, classification
  122. chromosomes
    rod shaped structures in the nucleus that contain regions of DNAcalled genes
  123. mitochondria
    structures in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned to release energy
  124. nucleus
    control center of the cell
  125. DNA
    chemical found within each chromosome
  126. endoplasmic reticulum
    structure (canals) within the cytoplasm
  127. cell membrane
    structures surrounding and protecting the cell
  128. catabolism
    process of breaking down complex materials (foods) to form simpler substances and release energy
  129. anabolism
    process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simpler materials
  130. metabolism
    total number of chemical processes within the cell
  131. pleura
    membrane surrounding the lungs
  132. peritoneum
    membrane surrounding the abdominal viscera
  133. diaphragm
    muscular wall seperating the thoracic and abdominal cavity
  134. mediastinum
    space between the lungs containg the heart, windpipe and the aorta
  135. vertebra
    a backbone
  136. disk
    pad of cartilage between each backbone and the next
  137. -cele
    hernia
  138. -centesis
    surgical puncture to remove fluid
  139. -coccus (-cocci)
    berry shaped bacterium
  140. -cyte
    cell
  141. -dynia
    pain
  142. -ectomy
    excision, removal, resection
  143. -emia
    blood condition
  144. -er
    one who
  145. -genesis
    condition of producing
  146. -gram
    record
  147. -graph
    instrument of recording
  148. -graphy
    process of recording
  149. -ia
    condition
  150. -ist
    specialist
  151. -itis
    inflammation
  152. -logy
    process of study
  153. -lysis
    breakdown, destruction
  154. -malacia
    softening
  155. -megaly
    enlargement
  156. -ole
    little, small
  157. -oma
    tumor, mass, swelling
  158. -opsy
    to view
  159. -osis
    condition, usually abnormal
  160. -pathy
    disease
  161. -penia
    deficiency
  162. -phobia
    fear
  163. -plasi
    development, formation, growth
  164. -plasty
    surgical repair
  165. -ptosis
    falling, dropping, prolapse
  166. -sclerosis
    hardening
  167. -scope
    instrument for visual examination
  168. -scopy
    process of visually examination
  169. -stasis
    stopping, controlling
  170. -stomy
    opening to form a mouth
  171. -therapy
    treatment
  172. -tomy
    incision, cutting into
  173. -trophy
    development, nourishment
  174. -ule
    little, small
  175. -um, -ium
    structure, tissue
  176. -us
    structure, substance
  177. -y
    process of
  178. -ac, -iac
    pertaining to
  179. -al
    pertaining to
  180. -ar
    pertaining to
  181. -ary
    pertaining to
  182. -eal
    pertaining to
  183. -genic
    pertaining to producing, produced by, or in
  184. -ic, -ical
    pertaining to
  185. -oid
    resembling
  186. -ose
    pertaining to
  187. -ous
    pertaining to
  188. -tic
    pertaining to
  189. acr/o
    extremities, top, extreme point
  190. acu/o
    sharp, severe, sudden
  191. amni/o
    amnion
  192. angi/o
    vessel
  193. arteri/o
    artery
  194. axill/o
    arm pit
  195. blephar/o
    eye lid
  196. bronch/o
    bronchial tubes
  197. chem/o
    chemical, drug
  198. chron/o
    time
  199. col/o
    colon
  200. morph/o
    shape, form
  201. muc/o
    mucus
  202. my/o
    muscle
  203. myel/o
    spinal cord, bone marrow
  204. necr/o
    death
  205. nephr/o
    kidney
  206. neutr/o
    neutrophil
  207. ot/o
    ear
  208. peritone/o
    peritoneum
  209. phag/o
    to eat, swallo
  210. phleb/o
    vein
  211. plas/o
    formation
  212. pleur/o
    pleura
  213. pneumon/o
    lungs
  214. pulmon/o
    lungs
  215. rect/o
    rectum
  216. hydr/o
    water, fluid
  217. isch/o
    to hold back
  218. lapar/o
    abdomen, abdominal wall
  219. laryng/o
    larynx (voice box)
  220. lymph/o
    lymph
  221. mamm/o
    breast
  222. mast/o
    breast
  223. splen/o
    spleen
  224. staphyl/o
    clusters
  225. strept/o
    twisted chains
  226. tonsill/o
    tonsils
  227. ven/o
    vein
  228. 5 types of WBC
    eusinophil, basophil, neutrophil, monocyte, lymphocyte

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