CH8 Emotions Vocab

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ht2lvu
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63341
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CH8 Emotions Vocab
Updated:
2011-06-28 01:01:10
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psychology
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AP Psychology
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  1. emotion
    • four-part process involves physiological arousal, subjective feelings, cognitive interpretation, & behavioral expression
    • help organisms deal with important events
  2. lateralization of emotion
    • different influences of two-brain hemispheres on various emotions
    • left: influences positive emotions
    • right: influences negative emotions
  3. James-Lange theory
    proposal that emotion-provoking stimulus produces a physical response that produces emotion
  4. cannon-bard theory
    • counter proposal that emotional feeling & internal physiological response occur at the same time
    • one doesnt cause the other
  5. two-factor theory
    proposal claiming that emotion results from the cognitive appraisal of both physical arousal & emotion provoking stimulus
  6. cognitive appraisal theory
    theory of emotion which theorizes that individuals decide on an appropriate emotion following the event
  7. opponent-process theory of emotion
    theory of emotion that theorizes that emotions have pairs, when on triggered the other is suppressed
  8. inverted U function (Yerkes-Dodson law)
    • describes the relationship between arousal & performance
    • low & high levels of arousal produce lower performance than a moderate level
  9. drive
    biologically instigated motivation
  10. motive
    • internal mechanism that selects & directs behavior
    • narrower sense of motivational process that is learned than biologically based
  11. intrinsic motivation
    desire to engage in an activity for its own sake rather than external consequence (reward)
  12. extrinsic motivation
    desire to engage in an activity to achieve an external consequence (reward)
  13. instinct theory
    • certain behaviors are completely determained by innate factors
    • flawed because overlooked the effects of learning
    • employed instincts as labels
  14. fixed-action patterns
    • genetically based behaviors that can be set off by a specific stimulus
    • replaced idea of instinct
  15. homeostasis
    body's tendency to maintain a biologically balanced condition
  16. locus of control
    individual's sense of where his or her life influences originate internally or externally
  17. hiearchy of needs
    • Maslow's theory
    • notion that needs occur in priority order
    • biological needs as basic
  18. need for achievement (nAch)
    • Murray & McClelland's theory
    • a mental state that produces a psychological motive to excel or to reach some goal
  19. individualism
    • places a high value on individual achievement & distinction
    • common in Euro-American world
  20. collectivism
    • values group loyalty & pride over individual distinction
    • common in Asia, Africa, Latin America, & Middle East
  21. set point
    refers to tendency of the body to maintain a certain level of body fat & body weight
  22. volumetric thrist
    a drop in extracellular fluid levels
  23. osmotic thrist
    a drop in intracellular fluid levels
  24. sexual response cycle
    the four-stage sequence of arousal, plateau, orgasm, & resolution occuring in both men & women
  25. approach-approach conflict
    a conflict in which one must choose between two equally attractive options
  26. approach-avoidence conflict
    a conflict in which there are both appealing & negative aspects to the decision to be made
  27. avoidance-avoidance conflict
    a conflict in which one has to choose between teo equally unattractive options
  28. multiple-approach avoidance conflict
    a conflict in which one must choose between options that have both many attractive & many negative aspects
  29. stress
    a physical & mental response to a challenging or threatening situation
  30. stressor
    a stressful stimulus, a condition demanding adaptation
  31. post traumatic stress disorder
    delayed stress reaction when individual involuntarily reexperiences emotional, cognitive, & behaviorla aspects of past trauma
  32. acute stress
    a temporary pattern of stressor-activated arousal with a distinct onset & limited duration
  33. chronic stress
    continuous stressful arousal persisting over time
  34. flight-or-fight response
    sequence of internal processes preparing an orgasm for struggle or escape
  35. general adaptation syndrome
    pattern of general physical responses that take essentially the same form in responding to any serious chronic stressor
  36. alarm reaction
    first stage of the GAS, during which the body mobilizes its resources to cope with a stressor
  37. stage of resistance
    • second stage of the GAS
    • the body adapts to & uses resources to cope with a stressor
  38. stage of exhaustion
    • third stage of the GAS
    • the body depletes its resources in responding to an ongoing stressor
  39. type A
    behavior pattern characterized intense, angry, competitive, or perfectionistic responses to challenging situations
  40. type B
    behavior pattern characterized by relaxed, unstressed approach to life

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