sgu vet histo1 2-2

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Author:
onaktan
ID:
6338
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sgu vet histo1 2-2
Updated:
2010-02-08 10:47:20
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sgu vet histo1 2 2
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glands
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  1. what do glands consist of (2)
    • parenchyma (functional part)
    • stroma (supportive framework)
  2. what makes up the parenchyma (2)
    • glandular or secretory epithelium
    • duct system
  3. what makes up the stroma of a gland
    supportive framwork of connective tissue
  4. what is the functional part of a gland
    parenchyma
  5. what is the supportive part of a gland
    stroma
  6. what are the basic classifications of glands (2)
    • unicellular (goblet)
    • multicellular (endocrine, exocrine)
  7. what is the ductless gland that have their secretions released into intercellular fluid and transported to the site of action by the blood
    endocrine
  8. what is an endocrine type gland (3)
    • ductless gland
    • secretions are released into intercellular flud
    • secretions reach site of action via the blood
  9. what is a type of gland that has a system of ducts
    exocrine
  10. what are the types of exocrines (2)
    • simple gland
    • compound gland
  11. what are the types of simple exocrine glands (6)
    • simple straight tubular
    • simple coiled tubular
    • simple branched tubular
    • simple alveolar or acinar gland
    • simple branched alveolar or bacinar gland
    • simple tubulo-acinar (alveolus) gland
  12. what kind of gland is in large intestine
    simple straight tubular
  13. what kind of gland is in sweat gland
    simple coiled tubular
  14. what kind of gland is in stomach
    simple branched tubular
  15. what kind of gland is in sebaceous gland
    simple alveolar or acinar gland
  16. what kind of gland is in large sebaceous gland
    simple branched acinar or alveolar gland
  17. what kind of gland is in minor salivary gland of oral cavity
    simple tubulo-acinar (alveolus) gland
  18. where do simple straight tubular glands found
    large intestine
  19. where do simple coiled tubular glands found
    sweat gland
  20. where do simple branched tubular glands found
    stomach
  21. where do simple alveolar or acinar gland found
    sebaceous gland
  22. where do simple branched acinar or alveolar gland found
    large sebaceous gland
  23. where do simple tubulo-acinar (alveolus) gland found
    minor salivary gland of oral cavity
  24. what are the types of compound glands (3)
    • compound tubular
    • compound alveolar or acinar
    • compound tubulo-alveolar
  25. where is compound alveolar or acinar glands found
    parotid gland
  26. where is compound tubulo-alveolar glands found
    pancreas
  27. what type of gland is found in the parotid gland
    compound alveolar or acinar
  28. what type of gland is found in the pancreas
    compound tubulo-alveolar
  29. what is the order of largest to smallest for an exocrine gland (8)
    • lobe -> lobule
    • main duct (duct of a gland)
    • lobar duct (duct of a lobe)
    • interlobular (in between lobules)
    • intralobular duct (within lobule, striated in salivary gland, intercalated in pancrease)
    • acinus
    • myoepithellal cells
  30. what is the order of smallest to largest for an exocrine duct system (4)
    • intralobular (salivary gland = striated, pancrease = intercalated)
    • interlobular
    • lobar ducts
    • main ducts
  31. what are the types of the nature of secretory products (3)
    • serous glands
    • mucous glands
    • seromucous or mixed
  32. what produces a thin, watery secretion
    serous glands
  33. where can serous glands be found
    parotid salivary gland
  34. what type of gland can be found in parotid salivary glands
    serous glands
  35. what produces a thick, viscous (mucin) secretion that form a protective covering
    mucous glands
  36. what type of glands stain lightly with H/E
    mucous glands
  37. this type of gland has a both serous and mucous acini
    seromucous or mixed
  38. where are seromucous or mixed glands found
    in the mandibular salivary gland
  39. what type of gland is found in the mandibular salivary gland
    seromucous or mixed
  40. what type of gland has its nuclei flattened and displaced towardes the basal part of the cell
    mucous glands
  41. what type of gland has spherical nuclei in the center or lower half and their apical chytoplasm is filled with small secretory granules
    serous glands
  42. what are the modes of release of secretory products (4)
    • merocrine
    • apocrine
    • holocrine
    • cytocrine
  43. how does merocrine release it's scretory products
    secretory granules in a membrane, discharged by exocytosis
  44. what secretes their products in a membrane via exocytosis
    merocrine
  45. what is the most common way of releasing secretory products
    merocrine
  46. how does apocrine release it's scretory products
    membrane bounded granule, with rim of cytoplasm and plasmalemma, released from apex of cell
  47. where do apocrines release their scretory products (examples) (2)
    • sweat glands
    • mammary glands
  48. what has a secretory product thats membrane bouned + a rim of cytopasm and plasmalemma
    apocrine
  49. what has a secretory product released from the apex of the cell
    apocrine
  50. what has a secretory product thats released from either the sweat gland or mammary gland
    apocrine
  51. what is the mode of holocrine in releasing its secretory products
    the entire cell is the product
  52. what has a secretory product thats released with the the whole cell being the secretory product
    holocrine
  53. where are holocrines found
    sabaceous glands
  54. what mode of secretory product releasing is found in the sabaceous glands
    holocrines
  55. who do cytocrines release their product
    transferred from one cell to another cell without passing into the environment. direct release
  56. what is an example of cytocrine release
    melanin pigment from melanocytes into keratinocytes
  57. what type of secretory release is melanin pigment
    cytocrine
  58. what do myoepithelial cells do
    they contract to force secretory product through duct system
  59. where are myoepithelial cells located
    interposed between the secretory cells and basement membrane
  60. what contracts to force secretory product through its duct system
    myoepithelial cells

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