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what are seven general functions of chemotherapeutic agents
- anodyne (alleviate pain)
what do we use mouthrinses for in the clinic?
what is the purpose of a pre-procedural rinse?
- reduce microorganisms in mouth
- limit aerosols
stannous fluoride is a ____ ion that interferes with cell ____ for _____ effect
t/f cariostatic fluoride inhibits remineralization and enhances demineralization
FALSE cariostatic inhibits demineralization and enhances remineralization
t/f stannous fluoride may stain teeth
what is chlorhexidine used for?
- pre procedural
- perio debridement
- dental caries
- immunocompromised pt
- post surgery
- temporary use for poor OH
what is the fficacy of chlorhexidine?
- prevent and control biofilm
- reduces viability of existing biofilm
- inhibits and reduces gingivites
- reduces mutans streptococci
what is an example of chlorhexidine used on children to reduce caries?
t/f chlorhexidine inactivated by sodium lauryl sulfate if rinsing immediately after brushing
what is the efficacy of triclosan?
reduction of biofilm and BOP
what preventive and therapeutic agent of a mouthrinse disrupts the cell walls/inhibits bacterial enzymes, has poor substantivity, decreases pathogenicity of biofilm
phenolic-related essential oils
what preventitive and therapeutic agent of a mouthrinse uses oxygen to debride area and alter bacterial cell membrane with a low substntivity
what preventitive and therapeutic agent of mouthrinses is used short term for symptoms of pericoronitis and NUG
what are three inactive ingredients of mouthrinses?
what is targeted application of pulsated or steady stream of water or other irrigant for preventive or therapeutic purposes
when would you send irrigation home with a pt
- deep pockets
- after surgery
what are the 5 purposes of oral irrigation
- reduce bacteria
- control inflammation
- subgingival bacteria at compatible level with health
- reduces subgingival pathogenic bacteria and inflammatory mediators
- alternative for flossing
what are five benefits of oral irrigation
- reduction of gingivitis and bleeding
- reduction/alteration of biofilm biproducts
- penetration into pocket
- delivery of antimicrobial agents
- perio maintenance pts
what is a hollow tube used to direct irrigants into a pocket?
what are two types of oral irrigation methods?
- power driven
- non power driven
what are four delivery methods for oral irrigation?
what is a special consideration for oral irrigation
premed to prevent bacteremia
what are two forms available for oxygenating agents?
- 10% carbamide peroxide
- 1.5% hydrogen peroxide
what is an available form for quanternary ammonium compunds?
CPC (cetylpryidinium chloride) .05-.07%
what is the purpose of quanternary ammonium compounds
- reduces biofilm
- limited reduction in gingivities
what are four examples of phenolic related essential oils?
- methyl salicylate
what is phenolic related essential oils used for?
helps to improve OH pre procedural rinse
what is contraindicaiton for phenolic related essential oils?
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