Card Set Information

2011-02-01 08:54:47
ch27 mouthrinses

dentifrices, mouthrinses and irrigation
Show Answers:

  1. what are seven general functions of chemotherapeutic agents
    • remineralization
    • antimicrobial
    • astringent
    • anodyne (alleviate pain)
    • buffering
    • deodorizing
    • oxygenating
  2. what do we use mouthrinses for in the clinic?
    pre-procedural rinse
  3. what is the purpose of a pre-procedural rinse?
    • reduce microorganisms in mouth
    • limit aerosols
  4. stannous fluoride is a ____ ion that interferes with cell ____ for _____ effect
    • tin
    • metabolism
    • antimicrobial
  5. t/f cariostatic fluoride inhibits remineralization and enhances demineralization
    FALSE cariostatic inhibits demineralization and enhances remineralization
  6. t/f stannous fluoride may stain teeth
  7. what is chlorhexidine used for?
    • pre procedural
    • perio debridement
    • dental caries
    • immunocompromised pt
    • post surgery
    • temporary use for poor OH
  8. what is the fficacy of chlorhexidine?
    • prevent and control biofilm
    • reduces viability of existing biofilm
    • inhibits and reduces gingivites
    • reduces mutans streptococci
  9. what is an example of chlorhexidine used on children to reduce caries?
  10. t/f chlorhexidine inactivated by sodium lauryl sulfate if rinsing immediately after brushing
  11. what is the efficacy of triclosan?
    reduction of biofilm and BOP
  12. what preventive and therapeutic agent of a mouthrinse disrupts the cell walls/inhibits bacterial enzymes, has poor substantivity, decreases pathogenicity of biofilm
    phenolic-related essential oils
  13. what preventitive and therapeutic agent of a mouthrinse uses oxygen to debride area and alter bacterial cell membrane with a low substntivity
    oxygenating agents
  14. what preventitive and therapeutic agent of mouthrinses is used short term for symptoms of pericoronitis and NUG
    oxygenating agents
  15. what are three inactive ingredients of mouthrinses?
    • water
    • alcohol
    • flavoring
  16. what is targeted application of pulsated or steady stream of water or other irrigant for preventive or therapeutic purposes
  17. when would you send irrigation home with a pt
    • deep pockets
    • ortho
    • after surgery
  18. what are the 5 purposes of oral irrigation
    • reduce bacteria
    • control inflammation
    • subgingival bacteria at compatible level with health
    • reduces subgingival pathogenic bacteria and inflammatory mediators
    • alternative for flossing
  19. what are five benefits of oral irrigation
    • reduction of gingivitis and bleeding
    • reduction/alteration of biofilm biproducts
    • penetration into pocket
    • delivery of antimicrobial agents
    • perio maintenance pts
  20. what is a hollow tube used to direct irrigants into a pocket?
  21. what are two types of oral irrigation methods?
    • power driven
    • non power driven
  22. what are four delivery methods for oral irrigation?
    • supraginigval
    • marginal
    • subgingival
    • pulsating
  23. what is a special consideration for oral irrigation
    premed to prevent bacteremia
  24. what are two forms available for oxygenating agents?
    • 10% carbamide peroxide
    • 1.5% hydrogen peroxide
  25. what is an available form for quanternary ammonium compunds?
    CPC (cetylpryidinium chloride) .05-.07%
  26. what is the purpose of quanternary ammonium compounds
    • reduces biofilm
    • limited reduction in gingivities
  27. what are four examples of phenolic related essential oils?
    • thymol
    • eucalyptol
    • menthol
    • methyl salicylate
  28. what is phenolic related essential oils used for?
    helps to improve OH pre procedural rinse
  29. what is contraindicaiton for phenolic related essential oils?