Drugs Cardiac Unit

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Author:
thatgrlmar
ID:
63466
Filename:
Drugs Cardiac Unit
Updated:
2011-02-01 17:35:00
Tags:
Cardiac Drugs
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Description:
Short version cardiac drugs
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  1. 5 medication rights
    Right PatientRight MedicationRight doseRight timeRight RouteRight Documentation
  2. Pharmacology Assessment guidelines -

    Assess for:
    • Allergies, hypersensitivities
    • medical disorders that are contraindicated
    • medication interactions
    • pertinent lab values
    • pt vitals signs, particularly w/ cardiac meds
    • intended effects, s/e, adverse effects, toxic effects
    • pt response
  3. Androgens
    • -terone, such as testosterone
    • -sex hormone
  4. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
    • -pril, such as enalapril (Vasotec)
    • -antihypertensive, vasodilator
  5. Synthetic pituitary hormones
    • -pressin, such as desmopressin (DDAVP)
    • -antidiuretic: increases absorption of water
  6. Antilipemic
    • -statin, such as atorvastatin (Lipitor)
    • -antihyperlipidemic
  7. antiviral
    • -vir, such as ritonavir (Norvir)
    • -antiviral
  8. benzodiazapines (sedative-hypnotic agents) classified as either
    1) anxiolytics, or
    2) SEDATIVE-HYPNOTICS
    • -pam, such as
    • diazepam (valium)
    • lorazepam (ativan)
    • alprazolam (xanax)
    • chlordiazepoxide (librium)
  9. benzodiazapines (sedative-hypnotic agents) classified as either
    1) anxiolytics, or
    2) SEDATIVE-HYPNOTICS
    • -pam, such as
    • clorazepate (Tranxene)
    • estazolam (prosom)
    • triazolam (Halcion)
    • zolpidem (ambien)
  10. beta-adrenergic blocker (beta blockers)
    • -olol, atenolol (tenormin)
    • - antihypertensive, antianginal, antiarrhythmic

    olol is two backwards b's
  11. calcium channel blockers
    • -ipine, such as amlodipine (novasc)
    • -antihypertensive, antianginal

    • exceptions:
    • kiltiazem (cardizem)
    • verpamil (calan, Isoptin
  12. carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
    • -mide, acetazolamide (diamox)
    • antiglaucoma, anticonvulsant dirutec
  13. estrogen
    • -est, estrogen (premarin)
    • -sex hormone
  14. glucocoricoids, corticosteroids

    s/e
    • 5 Ss:
    • Sick - easier to get sick
    • Sad - causes depression
    • Sex - increases libido
    • Salt - retain
    • Sugar - increases
  15. glucocoricoids, corticosteroids
    -sone, prednisone (deltasone)

    • -antiinflammatory actions
    • Tx includes bronchial asthma, skin diseases, cerebral edema, acute/chronic adrenal insufficiency
  16. Histamine H2 receptor antagonists
    • -dine, cimetidine (tagamet)
    • antiulcer, gastic acid secretion inhibitor
  17. Nitrates
    nitr, nitroglycerin (nitrostat)

    antianginal, antihypertensive, vasodilator
  18. Pancreatic enzyme replacements
    • pancre, pancrelipase (pancrease)
    • -digestive enzyme
  19. Phenothiazines
    -zine, chlorpromazine (thorazine)

    -antipsychotic, antiemetic, antianxiety, antineuralgia
  20. proton pump inhibitors
    -zole, lansoprazole (prevacid)
  21. sulfonamides
    • sulf, sulfasalazine (azulfidine)
    • -antiinflammatory, antibacterial effects
    • Tx: ulcerative colitis, inflamm bowel disease)
  22. sulfonylureas
    • -mide, chlorpropamide (diabinese)
    • -antidiabetic agent
  23. thiazide diuretics
    • -thiazide, hydrochlorothiazide (hydrodiuril)
    • -diuretic, antihypertensive
  24. thrombolytic medications
    - ase, alteplase (activase)
  25. thyroid hormones
    thy, levothyroxine (synthroid)
  26. xanthine bronchodilators
    -line, aminophylline

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