Human sexuality - 19

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Human sexuality - 19
2011-02-01 17:06:27
human sexuality religiousness

Human sexuality test 1 chapter 19
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  1. Religiousness & Sexuality
    • condemnation of incest
    • women seen as property of men
    • men free to have multiple sexual partners
    • prostitution fairly wide spread
  2. Jewish Tradition
    • 1) law/rules
    • 2) primary function is procreation
    • 3) Talmud has recommendations for how much sex
    • 4) Song of Solomon
    • 5) Gender imbalance was less than in other cultures
  3. Greek Tradition
    • Majority View (positive view)
    • 1. Celebration of human body
    • 2. variety of sexual behavior
    • 3. clear gender imbalance

    • Minority View (Dualism)
    • 1. Mild version-Plato
    • a) Sacred/platonic love vs. profane love- profane love isnt evil but sacred love is better
    • 2. Harsher Version-Pathagaras
    • a) sexual intimacy has a weakening effect
  4. Early Christianity
    Jesus Christ
    Down with divorce

    sin is not just what you do, but your hearts and thoughts

    showed extreme compassion
  5. Early Christianity
    • 1) Gift of celibacy
    • 2) if you can stay single-do it for the sake of simplicity of life. urgency of the return of christ.
    • 3) relationships between men and women
  6. Early Christianity
    St. Augustine
    • Sexual passion might override reason
    • Sexual Negativism
    • 1) equated sexual pleasure with lust no matter what the context
    • 2) best lifestyle is singleness and celibacy
    • 3) next best was marriage w/sex simply for procreation
    • 4) being married and enjoying sex was a venial sin
    • 5) adultery was a mortal sin
    • 6) contempt for sexual anatomy led him to believe that part of miracle of Christ was that he never came in contact with his mother's genitals
  7. Reformation
    No more elevation of singleness and celibacy

    Framed marital sexuality positively
  8. Reformation
    • Sex Negativism
    • There's a stereotype but there's a reality
    • 1)sexual intimacy should be saved for marriage
    • 2) marry young and have lots of sex
    • 3) dressed modestly because the human form and sexuality were highly valued
  9. Victorian Age
    • 1)Minimized sexuality
    • 2) any sexuality not directly related to procreation was wrong (esp masturbation)
    • 3)pornography and prostitution ran rampant