minerals/deficiency

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Author:
s_lopez1223
ID:
63496
Filename:
minerals/deficiency
Updated:
2011-02-10 22:59:58
Tags:
nutrition
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Description:
defiencies
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  1. Sodium Na
    rare, except with chronic diarrhea or vomiting and certain renal disorders; nausea, dizziness, muscle cramps, apathy
  2. Potassium K
    muscular weakness, paralysis, anorexia, confusion (occurs with dehydration)
  3. Chloride Cl
    rare, may occur secondary to chronic diarrhea or vomiting and certain renal disorders: muscle cramps, anorexia, apathy
  4. Calcium (Ca)
    • children: impaired growth
    • Adults: osteoporosis
  5. Phosphorus (p)
    unknown
  6. Magnesium (Mg)
    • weakness, confusion; growth failure in children
    • severe deficiency: convulsions, hallucinations, tetany
  7. Sulfur (S)
    unknown
  8. Iron Fe
    impaired immune function, decreased work capacity, apathy, lethargy, fatigue, itchy skin, pale nail beds and eye membranes, impaired wound healing, intolerance to cold temperatures.
  9. Zinc Zn
    growth retardation, hair loss, diarrhea, delayed sexual maturation and impotence, eye and skin lesions, anorexia, delayed wound healing, taste abnormality, mental lethargy.
  10. Iodine
    • goiter, wight gain, lethargy
    • during pregnancy may cause severe and irreversible mental and physical retardation (cretenism)
  11. Selenium Se
    enlarged heart, poor heart function, impaired thyroid activity
  12. Copper Cu
    rare: anemia, bone abnormalities
  13. Manganese Mn
    rare
  14. Flouride Fl
    susceptibility to dental decay, may increase riskof osteoporosis
  15. Chromium Cr
    insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance
  16. Molybdenum Mo
    unknown

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