Nutrition Chapter 7

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plwtn
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63539
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Nutrition Chapter 7
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2011-02-03 18:33:52
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Nutrition Chapter
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Nutrition Chapter 7
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  1. ______ are noncaloric essential nutrients necessary for many metabolic tasks and the prevention of associated deficiency diseases.
    Vitamins
  2. Vitamins incorporated with absorbed fat and transported by chylomicrons, best absorbet when eaten with fat, and may be stored for a long period of time are refferred to as.
    Fat Soluble
  3. Vitamins that are easily absorbed and transported by the portal circulation, not stored so must be eaten on a regular basis Are refferred to as?
    Water Soluble
  4. Scientific name for Vitamin A?
    Retinol
  5. Scientific name for Vitamin D?
    Cholecalciferol
  6. Scientific name for Vitamin E?
    Tocopherol
  7. Scientific name for Vitamin C?
    Ascorbic Acid
  8. Scientific name for Vitamin B1?
    Thiamin
  9. Scientific name for Vitamin B2?
    Riboflavin
  10. Scientific name for Vitamin B3?
    Niacin
  11. Scientific name for Vitamin B6?
    Pyridoxine
  12. Scientific name for Vitamin B12?
    Cobalamin
  13. Name the fat soluble vitamins?
    Vitamin A, D, E, K
  14. Name the Vitamin?
    Vitamin Function: Vision, tissue strength and immunity, growth
    Deficiency: Xerophthalmia
    Toxicity: Portal Hypertension
    Food Source: Dark green and orange vegetables
    Vitamin A
  15. Name the Vitamin?
    VitaminFunction: Absorption of calcium
    Deficiency: Rickets and Osteoporosis.
    Toxicity: Calcification of soft tissue
    Food Source: Fortified Milk, fish liver oil
    Vitamin D
  16. Name the Vitamin?
    Vitamin Function: Antioxidant function, Relation to selenium metabolism
    Deficiency: Hemolytic anemia
    Toxicity:
    Food Source: Vegetable oils, vegetable greens
    Vitamin E
  17. Name the Vitamin?
    Vitamin Function: Blood clotting, bone development
    Deficiency: Uncommon
    Toxicity: Interference with anticoagulation drugs
    Food Source: Dark green leafy vegetables, soybean oil
    Vitamin K
  18. Name the Vitamin?
    Vitamin Function: Antioxidant, collagen synthesis; Helps prepare iron for absorption.
    Deficiency: Scurvy
    Toxicity: Diarrhea
    Food Source: Citrus fruits, kiwi, tomatoes, strwaberrys, dark leafy vegetables
    Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
  19. Name the Vitamin?
    Vitamin Function: Normal growth, coenzyme in carb metabolism, normal function of heart nerve and muscle.
    Deficiency: Beriberi
    Toxicity: Unknown
    Food Source: Pork, beef liver, whole or enriched grain.
    B1 (Thiamin)
  20. Name the Vitamin?
    Vitamin Function: Normal growth and energy, coenzyme in protein and energy matabolism
    Deficiency: Ariboflavinosis, crackes at the corner of mouth
    Toxicity: Unknown
    Food Source: Milk, meat, enriched cereals, green vegetables
    B2 (Riboflavin)
  21. Name the Vitamin?
    Vitamin Function: Coenzyme in energy production, normal growth, health of skin.
    Deficiency: Pellegra, abnormal CNS function.
    Toxicity: Flushing
    Food Source: Fried beef livers, swordfish, salmon, ground beef.
    B3 (Niacin)
  22. Name the Vitamin?
    Vitamin Function: Coenzyme in amino acid metabolism, protein synthesis, heme formation, carrier for amino acid absorption.
    Deficiency: Anemia, hyperirritability, convulsions, neuritis
    Toxicity: Nerve damage
    Food Source: Wheat germ, legumes,meats, poultry, seafood
    B6 (Pyridoxine)
  23. Name the Vitamin?
    Vitamin Function: Coenzyme in DNA and RNA synthesys, amino acid metabolism
    Deficiency: Megaloblastic anemia (large immature RBC), neural tube defects
    Toxicity: Mask vit B12 deficiency
    Food Source: Liver, green leafy vegetable, legumes, yeast, orange juice
    Folate
  24. Name the Vitamin?
    Vitamin Function: Coenzyme in synthesis of heme for hemoglobin; mylin sheath formation.
    Deficiency: Pernicious anemia, poor nerve function.
    Toxicity: Unkown
    Food Source: Liver, lean meets, fish, seafood
    B12 (Cobalamin)
  25. Name the Vitamin?
    Vitamin Function: Cellular metabolism
    Deficiency: Unlikely
    Toxicity: Unkown
    Food Source: Meats, eggs, milk, whole grain, beans
    Pantothenic acid
  26. Name the Vitamin?
    Vitamin Function: Synthesis of fatty acids
    Deficiency: No known
    Toxicity: Unknown
    Food Source: Liver, egg yold, cereals
    Biotin
  27. List 2 categories of vitamins
    • 1. Fat soluble
    • 2. Water soluble
  28. Fat soluble vitamins are best absorbed whe ingested with?
    Fat
  29. Vitamin A is good for vision but especially?
    Night Vision
  30. _________ is the pigment in yellow, orange, and vegetables that gives them their color. Our bodies turn it into Vitamin A.
    Beta Carotene
  31. 90% of the bodies stored Vitamin A is stored in the?
    Liver
  32. Define Esophageal Varicies?
    Enlarged veins of the Esophagus that can rupture and kill you.
  33. The only natural source of vitamin D is?
    Fish Liver Oil
  34. Vitamin D is not truly a vitamin why?
    Because the body makes some.
  35. What is needed for Vitamin K to be absorbed?
    Bile
  36. What synthesizes Vitamin K in the small intestines. Antibotics kills this?
    Normal Flora

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