Vocal Ped. Test 1
Card Set Information
Vocal Ped. Test 1
4 Physical Aspects of Singing
4 Steps to Diagnosing a Student
Compare Student to Standard
Correct (use physical analgoes)
4 Categories to Organize Diagnosing Info
Goals of Studying Voice
Efficient, effiective singing that is:
independent of technological enhancements no matter what "style"
Benefits of Studying Voice
: stewardship, worship, uniqueness, perspective
Psychology of Singing
Aligning with Reality
External vs. internal
Left brain/right brain
Informal patient observations
Voice Teachers Must Have:
- function (health) & aesthetics (beauty)
Comprehensive knowledge of vocal mechanism & function
- anatomy, acoustics
Ability to express oneself
- articulate communicator
: image, manipulation, expression
Skill as a psychologist
- vocal identities, history, fears & dreams, values & priorities
Problesm Classified by Physiology
What can breath be used to express?
Emotions: joy, anger, frea, determination, freedom, oppression, etc.
Two Processes of Breathing
Path of Breath
Nose or Mouth
What are Lungs?
Organs - cannot move by themselves
Surround lungs and attach them to surroundings
How do the Lungs move?
The ribs pull the lungs out while the diaphragm pulls them down, creating a partial vacuum.
To what does the Diaphragm attach itself?
Sternum, lowest ribs, spine (pillars of the diaphragm)
How is the diaphragm shaped, and how does it contract?
It is shaped like an upsidedown bowl, and it lowers and flattens when contracted.
How do the Ribs move?
External Intercostal Muscles
Used while inhaling
Move the ribs up and out
Must relax to lower ribs
Internal Intercostal Muscles
Used while exhaling
Moves ribs down and in
To what do the Abs connect?
What are the four Ab layers?
1st layer of ab muscles
Fibers fun from Side to Middle
2nd layer of ab muscles
4 Bellies that can contract together or independently
Fibers run from Pubic to Sternum
3rd layer of ab muscles
Fibers Outside Down and Middle Up
4th layer of ab muscles
Run Outside Up and Middle Down
Where does the Viscera sit?
Snugly between the abs and diaphragm
What is the Viscera?
Various organs including: liver, stomach, large & small intestines, etc.
What is muscle antagonism?
Tension caused when two muscles work against each other
Where does muscle antagonism occur in singing?
Between abs & external intercostals/diaphragm
Abs steadly contract in and up, pushing up against the viscera