Vocal Ped. Test 1

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amcol89
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63563
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Vocal Ped. Test 1
Updated:
2011-02-01 23:13:49
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Voice Lessons
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  1. 4 Physical Aspects of Singing
    • Respiration
    • Phonation
    • Resonation
    • Articulation
  2. 4 Steps to Diagnosing a Student
    • Know Standard
    • Compare Student to Standard
    • Diagnose
    • Correct (use physical analgoes)
  3. 4 Categories to Organize Diagnosing Info
    • Philosophy
    • Physiology
    • Psycology
    • Practicalities
  4. Singing is:
    • Complex
    • Sophisticated
    • Skill
    • Artistry
    • Science
    • Creative
  5. Goals of Studying Voice
    • Efficient, effiective singing that is:
    • independent of technological enhancements no matter what "style"
  6. Benefits of Studying Voice
    • Self-exploration
    • Self-discovery
    • Self-devleopment
    • Self-actualization
    • Christian: stewardship, worship, uniqueness, perspective
  7. Psychology of Singing
    Aligning with Reality
    • Innate skills
    • Inner determination
    • Personality
    • Vocal self-image/identity
    • Perception
    • External vs. internal
    • Left brain/right brain
    • Goals: personal/pedagogical
  8. Diagnosing Process
    • Informal patient observations
    • Patient self-evaluation
    • Systematic testing:
    • - symptons
    • - cause
    • - remedies
  9. Voice Teachers Must Have:
    • Standard/tonal ideal
    • - function (health) & aesthetics (beauty)
    • Comprehensive knowledge of vocal mechanism & function
    • - anatomy, acoustics
    • Ability to express oneself
    • - articulate communicator: image, manipulation, expression
    • Skill as a psychologist
    • - vocal identities, history, fears & dreams, values & priorities
  10. Problesm Classified by Physiology
    • Respiration
    • Phonation
    • Resonation
    • Articulation/Diction
  11. What can breath be used to express?
    Emotions: joy, anger, frea, determination, freedom, oppression, etc.
  12. Two Processes of Breathing
    • Inhale
    • Exhale
  13. Path of Breath
    • Nose or Mouth
    • Throat
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchial Tubes
    • Lungs
  14. What are Lungs?
    Organs - cannot move by themselves
  15. Plural Sacs
    Surround lungs and attach them to surroundings
  16. How do the Lungs move?
    The ribs pull the lungs out while the diaphragm pulls them down, creating a partial vacuum.
  17. To what does the Diaphragm attach itself?
    Sternum, lowest ribs, spine (pillars of the diaphragm)
  18. How is the diaphragm shaped, and how does it contract?
    It is shaped like an upsidedown bowl, and it lowers and flattens when contracted.
  19. How do the Ribs move?
    Intercostal muscles
  20. External Intercostal Muscles
    • Used while inhaling
    • Move the ribs up and out
    • Must relax to lower ribs
  21. Internal Intercostal Muscles
    • Used while exhaling
    • Moves ribs down and in
    • Compresses lungs
  22. To what do the Abs connect?
    • Pubic arch
    • Ribs
    • Sternum
  23. What are the four Ab layers?
    • Transverse
    • Rectus Abdominus
    • Internal Obliques
    • External Obliques
  24. Transverse
    • 1st layer of ab muscles
    • Fibers fun from Side to Middle
  25. Rectus Abdominus
    • 2nd layer of ab muscles
    • 4 Bellies that can contract together or independently
    • Fibers run from Pubic to Sternum
  26. Internal Obliques
    • 3rd layer of ab muscles
    • Fibers Outside Down and Middle Up
  27. External Obliques
    • 4th layer of ab muscles
    • Run Outside Up and Middle Down
  28. Where does the Viscera sit?
    Snugly between the abs and diaphragm
  29. What is the Viscera?
    Various organs including: liver, stomach, large & small intestines, etc.
  30. What is muscle antagonism?
    Tension caused when two muscles work against each other
  31. Where does muscle antagonism occur in singing?
    • Between abs & external intercostals/diaphragm
    • Abs steadly contract in and up, pushing up against the viscera

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