substance applied with a tooth brush or other applicator (tooth paste)
What are 3 uses of dentifrice?
Biofilm, stain, deposite removal
application of therapeutic agents
superficial cosmetic effects
Dentifrice can be used to remove what 3 things?
dentifrice can be used for the application of what?
dentifrice can also be used for superficial _________ effects
What are 2 types of benefits with using dentifrices?
How does the use of dentifrice aid in biofilm reduction?
prevents attachment of bacteria to the tooth surface
What are 2 agents used in dentifrice to reduce biofilm?
What is the primary agent that has shown efficacy in reducing gingival inflammation that is used in dentifrices?
Triclosan combined with a copolymer of plyvinyl methoxyethylene and maleic acid (PVM/MA) does what for the dentrifice?
increases the substantivity
Triclosan can reduce gingivitis in _______ and in _________
What substance in dentrifice is used to prevent dental caries?
What action does fluoride take to prevent dental caries?
What is the most commonly used agent in commercial dentifrice for the reduction of dentin hypersensitivity?
5% potassium nitrate
What are 4 substances in addition to fluoride that are found in dentifrices shown to help inhibit supragingival calculus?
zinc salts (zinc chloride and zinc citrate)
Dentrifices that mechanically remove stained biofilm and contain a bleaching agent, aid in what?
Name the 5 basic components of dentrifices?
Water makes up what percentage of dentrifices?
Therapeutic agent makes up what percentage of dentrifices?
A therapeutic dentifrice has a drug or chemical agennt added for a specific _______ or ________ action
Detergents make up what percent of dentrifices?
What ingredient in dentrifices is used to lower surface tension, penetrate and loosen surface deposites, emulsify debris for easy removal by toothbrush, and contribute to foaming action?
What are 2 substances used as detergents?
sodium lauryl sulfate USP
sodium N-lauryl sarcosinate
What ingredient in dentrifices is used to clean well with no damage to tooth surface, polishing agent is used to produce a smooth tooth surface, smooth surface can prevent or delay the reaccumulation of stains and deposits
calcium carbonate, phosphate salts, hydrated aluminum oxide, silca, silicates, and dehydrated silica gels are all used as what?
What ingredient in dentrifices is used to stabilize the formation, and prevent separation of the solid and liquid ingredients?
mineral colloids, natural gums, seaweed colloids, and synthetic celluloses are all used as what?
What ingredient in dentrifices is used to retain moisture and prevent hardening on exposure to air?
xylitol, glycerol, and sorbital are all used as what?
abrasives make up what percent of dentrifice?
thickeners, or binders, make up what percent of dentifrice?
humectants make up what percent of dentifrice?
preservatives make up what percent of dentifrice?
What ingredient in dentifrice is used to prevent bacterial growth and prolong the shelf life?
alcohol, benzoates, and dichlorinated phenols can all be used as what in dentifrices?
flavoring or sweeteners make up what percent of dentifrices?
What ingredient in dentifrice is used to impart a pleasant flavor for pt acceptance, and mask other ingredients that may have a less pleasant flavor?
flavoring agents (sweetener)
essential oils (peppermint, cinnamon, wintergreen clove), artificial noncariongenic sweetners (xylitol, glycerol, sorbitol) can be used for what in dentifrices?