PSYCH CHAPTER 1

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AGUERRERO27
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6366
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PSYCH CHAPTER 1
Updated:
2010-05-01 01:03:16
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PSYCH
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psych def
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  1. Frontal Lobe
    Executive Region/Master Movements
  2. Temporal Lobe
    Primary Auditory Cortex
  3. Parietal Lobe
    Associative Cortex
  4. Occipital Lobe
    Primary Visual Cortex
  5. Thalamus
    Sensory Relay Station
  6. Hippocampus
    Short term memory to longer term
  7. Amygdala
    Fear, memory for emotional events/experience
  8. Hypothalamus
    Major link to endocrine system.
  9. Pituitary Gland
    Master Gland, Releases hormones, Controlled by the hypothalamus
  10. Cerebellum
    Movement and making judgements
  11. Structuralism
    • Wilhelm Wundt - Father of Psyche
    • Edward Titchener
  12. Functionalism
    William James
  13. Behaviorism
    • John B. Watson
    • B.F Skinner
  14. First APA President
    Mary Calkins
  15. First Women PHD
    Margaret Washburn
  16. First PHD for Blacks
    Gilbert Jones
  17. Cognitive Psychology
    Herbert A. Simon and Alan Newell
  18. Humanistic Psych
    Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow
  19. Clinical Neuropsychologist
    clinical psychologists who work specifically w/ tests desgined to diagnose the effects of brain damage on thoughts, feelings and behavior and to indicate which parts of the brain are impaired following trauma
  20. Applied Psychologists
    The type of psychologist who studies how to improve products and procedures and conducts research to help solve practical problems.
  21. What are the 3 levels of Analysis?
    Brain, Person, Group
  22. Who is the Father of American Psychology?
    John B. Watson
  23. What type of psychologists are the most abundant?
    Clinical Psychologists 67.6%
  24. Which type of Psychological movement was influenced by Darwin?
    Functionalism
  25. Who produced the first Psych Lab in Harvard?
    William James, Functionalism
  26. Cognitive Neuroscience
    A blending of cognitive psychology and neuroscience that aims to specify how the brain stores and processes information
  27. Cognitive Psychologist
    One who studies thinking, memory, and related topics
  28. What part of the neuron does Multiple Sclerosis affect?
    Myelin
  29. Which hemisphere is dominated by language?
    LEFT HEMISPHERE
  30. Limbic System
    A set of brain areas including the hippocampus, amygdala, and other areas that have been long thought of as being involved in fighting, fleeing, feeding and sex.
  31. Disease that causes massive uncontrolled firing in parts of the brain, leading to bodily convulsions
    Epilepsy
  32. Basal Ganglia
    Planning and producing movement
  33. Medulla
    Automatic control of breathing, swallowing, and blood circulation
  34. Brains 4 Mechanisms for influencing the body:
    Sketal System, ANS, Hormones, Immune Responses
  35. Neuroendocrine system
    Makes hormones that affect many bodily functions and provides CNS with info.
  36. Cortisol
    Hormone that helps the body deal with stress by breaking down and converting protein and fat to sugar.
  37. CAT SCAN
    X-RAYS
  38. MRI
    Magnetic properties of atoms
  39. fMRI
    Detects amount of oxygen being brought to a particular place in the brain while a task is performed
  40. Branches of the Peripheral Nervous System?
    Autonomic & Sensory-somatic
  41. Somasensory Strip
    Registers sensation on the body and is organzied by body part
  42. Motor Strip
    Controls fine movements and is organized by body part
  43. Cornea
    Transparent Layer
  44. Two Main Photo Receptors?
    Rods and Cones
  45. Bottom-Up?
    • Processing initiated by S input
    • - Feature detectors
  46. Top-down:
    Processing guided by knowledge, expectation or belief
  47. Which of the following historical figures was noted as being a physician who specialized in neurology?
    Sigmund Freud
  48. Goals of psychology include all of the following except to ______ mental processes:
    A. Control
    B. Rationalize
    C. Rationalize
  49. A good theory is
    Falsifiable
  50. ________ is a statistical technique involving the combination of results from several studies in an attempt to determine whether there is a relationship among variables that extends beyond one study
    Meta-Analysis
  51. The phrase rest and digest is most closely associated with NS?
    Parasympathetic Nervous System
  52. The ______ has been likened to an airline hub due to its role in receiving and sending multiple streams of information:
    Thalamus
  53. During an action potential, there is an influx of which type of ion into the cell?
    Sodium
  54. What are the 3 types of descriptive research?
    Case study, survey, and naturalistic observations

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