Fields of Medicine: Specialties

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pugluv01
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Fields of Medicine: Specialties
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2011-06-18 21:09:05
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Chapter 3: Fields of Medicine Specialties
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  1. Allergy and Immunology
    diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of allergic diseases, and diagnosis, management, and therapy of immunologic diseases
  2. Anesthesiology
    comprehensive medical management and anesthetic care before, during and after surgery and long-term pain management and critical care related to cardiac and respiratory emergencies
  3. Colon and Rectal Surgery
    diagnosis, medical care, and surgical treatment of conditions related to the small intestine, colon and rectum
  4. Dermatology
    medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the skin and its appendages (hair, nails, etc.)
  5. Emergency Medicine
    prehospital emergency medical care of acutely ill or injured patients; most commonly rendered in an emergency department of a hospital or a free-standing urgent care facility
  6. Family Practice
    comprehensive general medical care of individuals of all ages and their families, with emphasis on disease prevention and health promotion
  7. Internal Medicine
    nonsurgical care centered around prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of adults
  8. Subspecialties of Internal Medicine:
    • Cardiology: diagnosis and management of conditions related to the heart and blood vessels
    • Endocrinology: diagnosis and management of diseases of the endocrine glands
    • Gastroenterology: diagnosis and management of conditions related to the digestive system
    • Geriatric Medicine: diagnosis and medical management of conditions affecting the elderly
    • Hematology: diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders
    • Nephrology: nonsurgical treatment of kindney disorders
    • Oncology: treatment of tumors and cancer
    • Rheumatology: treatment of arthritis and related disorders
  9. Medical Genetics
    diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of genetic disorders; includes research, laboratory testing, and counseling
  10. Neurology
    nonsurgical treatment of diseases of the nervous system
  11. Neurological Surgery
    surgical and nonsurgical treatment of diseases of the nervous system and supportive structures, including blood vessels
  12. Nuclear Medicine
    use of radioactive substances to diagnose and treat disease; a dual specialty in other fields is common
  13. Obstetrics and Gynecology
    • Obstetrics: care and treatment of mother and fetus throughout pregnancy, childcirth, and immediate postpartum period
    • Gynecology: medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the female reproductive and urinary system
  14. Opthalmology
    medical and surgical treatment of the eye, including vision care and services
  15. Orthopedic Surgery
    medical, surgical, and rehabilitative treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system, including the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons and nerves
  16. Otolaryngology
    medical and surgical treatment of diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat, and adjoining structures of the head and neck
  17. Pathology
    study of disease emphasizing examination of tissue for diagnosis
  18. Pediatrics
    comprehensive medical care of infants, children, and adolescents, with emphasis on disease prevention and healthful physical and mental development
  19. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Physiatry
    treatment of patients suffering from neuromusculoskeletal disorders caused by illness or injury
  20. Plastic Surgery
    surgery for restoration, repair or reconstruction of body structures
  21. Preventative Medicine
    medical care that focuses on prevention of disease and health maintenance; specialty areas include

    • - aerospace medicine
    • - occupational medicine
    • - public health
    • - general prevention medicine
  22. Psychiatry
    diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders
  23. Radiology
    use of ionizing and nonionizing imaging modalities, including x-ray, radionuclides, magnetic resonance, and ultrasound, to diagnose disease, or in therapies that involve imaging guidance; primary fields include

    • - diagnostic radiology
    • - radiation oncology
    • - radiation physics
  24. Surgery
    treatment of diseases and trauma requiring an operation; subspecialty areas include

    • - vascular surgery
    • - pediatric surgery
    • - hand surgery
    • - critical care surgery
  25. Thoracic Surgery
    treatment of diseases, deformities, and trauma requiring an operation within the chest, including the heart and lungs
  26. Urology
    surgical and nonsurgical treatment of the male urinary and reproductive system and the female urinary system

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