Arch 351 Midterm Key Works pt. 2

Card Set Information

Author:
annerd
ID:
63864
Filename:
Arch 351 Midterm Key Works pt. 2
Updated:
2011-02-04 11:02:35
Tags:
Architecture
Folders:

Description:
Arch 351 Midterm Key Works pt. 2
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user annerd on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Notre Dame Cathedral, Chartres, France, 1220

    • Westfront: beyond Tymphanum: alongside of doors were figures of saints + kings of France (mixed reli and gov)
    • Fire-> east and west not equal
    • single aisle, big transept, double aisle apse
    • volume of cross becomes more prominent and significant
    • transepts become entrances
    • buttress cleaner, double set windows w rose window, blind gallery allows maximizing of stained glass
    • vaulting comes all the way down the wall
    • 4 part vaulting system
  2. Notre Dame Cathedral, Amiens, France, 1220

    • Combo of horizontal banding that creates light facade
    • Refinement of buttressing system, extension of space, permuable exterior
    • further refinement of vaults
    • 3 storey nave elevation with 4 part vaulting & pronounced transept (Chartres)
    • 2 lancent windows and 1 eloculous ->tracery creates lightness of wall
    • piers rise up and hold vaults in place, skeletal structure articulates the lightness -> features stained glass
    • Greater height & thinner
  3. Ste. Chapelle, Paris, France, 1250

    • buttressing system allows the exterior walls to be almost entirely comprised of stained glass
    • Gothic tracery and dark stained glass is reinforced with iron chains
    • stonework painted like stained glass
    • 4 part vaulting
    • The upper level was private and linked to Louis 9th's palace, and contains relics of Christ's Passion. The lower level is linked to the courtyard.
  4. Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, England, 1200

    • open choir of St. Denis influence
    • 3 part elevation but not huge heights: clerestory, triforium, aisle
    • layering of vault
    • VS Durham Cathedral (Norman/High G, England, 1100)
    • ---thicker, taller, passage in triforium gallery, closer connection to vault
    • ---slimming down
    • ---both layering wall system but Canterbury layering of material vs D layering of structure
    • ---horizontal spacing (not vertical)
    • ---vaulting is not architectural, ends in middle
    • ---striving for expression of materials
  5. Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, England, 1260

    • conceptually similar: 2 towers w central entrance, no rose window
    • elements don't line up - interior w a face
    • no radiating chapels (in F Gothic)
    • more rectilinear spaces, sequential
    • vaults do not come down to floor, main aisle independ. of nave
    • unity absent
    • more highly elaborated nave walls, gilded columns, cut space into three levels -- horizontally
    • Chapter house (not in F Gothic) - civic function and fan vaulting
  6. Wells Cathedral, Wells, England, 1320

    • appearance most like F. : vertical, connect of doors to aisles
    • expressive innovative instead of structural
    • barrel vault w decorations
    • upper choir wall becomes lavey decorative
    • English moved to less about structural importance
    • VS Notre Dame Cathedral, Amiens (H Gothic)
    • ---both want lightness of walls/transparency but express different ways - vertical high wall vs deco
    • ---not same proportion of space of structure
    • chapter house, clositer, tracery of walls like F. Arch
  7. Great Mosque, Isfahan, Iran, 1100

    • Seljuq Dynasty
    • ---Secular figure (opp. of Carolingian)
    • ---institution of madrasas=schools of Islamic law
    • Built over time like Cordoba, Spain Mosque
    • Iwan=open vaulted hall, exterior, combo of hypostyle hall in Mosque and regional outdoor style hall, facing Mecca
    • Worship in Iran is mostly outside, simple complex with walls around it
    • carving of stone and brick as script decoration
    • hypostyle hall: combo of pointed arched vaults + muqarnas domes that run in opp. directions
    • ---Muqarnas vault: honey comb pattern that resolve the difference, shows culturally mathematically, geom. sophisticaltion (ex. squinch + pendentive)
  8. Mosque-madrasa of Sultan Hasan al-Nasir, Cairo, Egypt, 1350

    • Mamluk Dynasty
    • a palace that dev into a fortress near the gate and wall of Cairo, not inside city
    • civic space dev for commerce
    • complex of mosque (center) and 4 madrasas (schools) and series of public institutions
    • central courtyard space, 4 vaulted space w fountain for worship
    • central mausoleum framed by 2 minarets
    • Muqarnas vaulting and cornice
    • Highly dev brick work/deco patter/scale like Isfahan, large range of color marble
    • opposted to courtyard mosque - Isfahan, Iran
  9. Alhambra, Granada, Spain, 1350

    • Nasrid Dynasty
    • Not religiuos, Palace complex. No worship
    • Fortress town that gradually dev iinto a princely complex
    • Court of Myrtles - vegetation, importance of landscape, absolute stillness of water, lightness of material and surface treatment - non structural arcade in courtyard
    • lavish tile and stucco dec
    • column capitals, niches, muqarnas vaults
    • Hall of Ambassadors for Sultan to receive guests, interior plasterwork richly colored and patterned
    • Lion Court has a 12 lion fountain
    • muqarnas squinches lead to octagonal dome creating dematerialization and afemoral struct.
  10. Monpazier, France, 1300

    • a bastide town, a countryside town, self govern
    • civic marketplace > church
    • wall, gridded town, repetitive lots, space of church and market, major and minor streets
    • walls were inhabited
    • simple stonework, venacular, not deco or high
    • marketplace with a continous arcade creating 'protection', gothic style arches and arcades but modest
  11. Lubeck, Germany, 1300

    • In Hanseatic League, center of trade agreements
    • Marketplace > church
    • guild on townhall - gothic trait is expressive of social class/occcupation
    • Famous for harrings and fish
    • double-walled
    • authority of individual
    • Main church: ;Marienkirche
    • Marketplace with protective arcaded space
    • towhall has symbols of gild of the the town, Gothic
  12. Venice: Piazza S. Marco, 1180; Basilica S. Marco, 1300; Doge's Palace, 1400

    • the combination of space of church and governence
    • Byzantine flavor of repositiong
    • Piazza in city and turns to the sea where the commerce is
  13. Florence: Piazza della Signoria, 1300; Palazzo Vecchio, 1300

    • wealth of an individual becomes urban symbol
    • both together form a city

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview