Nobel Physics

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CCQuizbowl
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63879
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Nobel Physics
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2011-05-02 13:12:29
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All the Nobel physics prize winners and what they did. * indicates ones that come up often.
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  1. for "the discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named after him"*
    • Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
    • Germany
    • 1901
  2. for "their researches into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena"
    • Hendrik Lorentz, Pieter Zeeman
    • Netherlands
    • 1902
  3. for "his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity"*
    • Antoine Henri Becquerel, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie
    • France/Poland
    • 1903
  4. for "his investigations of the densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in connection with these studies"
    • John William Strutt
    • United Kingdom
    • 1904
  5. for "his work on cathode rays"
    • Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard
    • Germany
    • 1905
  6. for "his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases"*
    • Joseph John Thomson
    • United Kingdom
    • 1906
  7. for "his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid"*
    • Albert Abraham Michelson
    • United States
    • 1907
  8. for "his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference"
    • Gabriel Lippmann
    • France
    • 1908
  9. for "their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy"
    • Guglielmo Marconi, Karl Ferdinand Braun
    • Italy, Germany
    • 1909
  10. for "his work on the equation of state for gases and liquids"*
    • Johannes Diderik van der Waals
    • Netherlands
    • 1910
  11. for "his discoveries regarding the laws governing the radiation of heat"
    • Wilhem Wien
    • 1911
    • Germany
  12. for "his invention of automatic valves designed to be used in combination with gas accumulators in lighthouses and buoys"
    • Nils Gustaf Dalén
    • Sweden
    • 1912
  13. for "his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium"*
    • Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes
    • Netherlands
    • 1913
  14. for "his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals"
    • Max von Laue
    • Germany
    • 1914
  15. for "their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays"*
    • William Henry Bragg, William Lawrence Bragg
    • United Kingdom
    • 1915
  16. 1916
    not awarded
  17. for "his discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements"
    • Charles Glover Barkla
    • United Kingdom
    • 1917
  18. for "the services he rendered to the advancement of Physics by his discovery of energy quanta"*
    • Max Planck
    • Germany
    • 1918
  19. for "his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields"*
    • Johannes Stark
    • Germany
    • 1919
  20. for "the service he has rendered to precision measurements in physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel-steel alloys"
    • Charles Édouard Guillaume
    • Switzerland
    • 1920
  21. for "his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect"*
    • Albert Einstein
    • Germany
    • 1921
  22. for "his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them"*
    • Niels Bohr
    • Denmark
    • 1922
  23. for "his work on the elementary charge of electricity and on the photoelectric effect"*
    • Robert Andrews Millikan
    • United States
    • 1923
  24. for "his discoveries and research in the field of X-ray spectroscopy"
    • Manne Siegbahn
    • Sweden
    • 1924
  25. "for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom"
    • James Franck and Gustav Hertz
    • Germany
    • 1925
  26. "for his work on the discontinuous structure of matter, and especially for his discovery of sedimentation equilibrium"*
    • Jean Baptiste Perrin
    • France
    • 1926
    • Calculated Avogadro's #
  27. "for his discovery of the effect named after him"
    • Arthur Holly Compton
    • USA
    • 1927
    • Scattering of X-ray photons
  28. "for his method of making the paths of electrically charged particles visible by condensation of vapour"
    • C.T.R. Wilson
    • UK
    • 1927
  29. "for his work on the thermionic phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him"
    • O.R. Richardson
    • UK
    • 1928
  30. "for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons"*
    • Louis de Broglie
    • France
    • 1929
  31. for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him"
    • Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
    • India
    • 1930
    • Relative of S. Chandrasekhar
  32. for the creation of quantum mechanics, the application of which has, inter alia, led to the discovery of the allotropic forms of hydrogen"*
    • Werner Heisenberg
    • 1932
    • Germany
  33. "for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory"*
    • Erwin Schrodinger and Paul Dirac
    • 1933
    • Austria and UK
  34. "for the discovery of the neutron"
    • James Chadwick
    • 1935
    • UK
  35. "for his discovery of cosmic radiation"
    • Victor Hess
    • 1936
    • Austria
  36. "for his discovery of the positron"
    • Carl Anderson
    • 1936
    • USA
  37. "for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals"
    • Clinton Davisson and George Thomson
    • 1937
    • USA and UK
  38. "for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons"*
    • Enrico Fermi
    • 1938
    • Italy
  39. "for the invention and development of the cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artificial radioactive elements"*
    • E. Lawrence
    • 1939
    • USA

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