Articulation Exam 1
Card Set Information
Articulation Exam 1
Speech sound production: Rules for combining speech sounds.
Speech sound production: Acoustic properties
Type of Phonetics: Sounds change over time
Type of phonetics: Analysis of physiological movements and acoustic properties with instrumentation.
Type of Phonetics: How physiological systems work to produce sound.
Type of Phonetics: Properties of sound waves.
Type of Phonetics: Sound awareness, sound interpretation. (Discrimination)
Type of Phonetics: Application, the study of speech disorders.
A category of Sounds
Minimal meaningful unit of sound
Study of sound differences in a language
Variation within a phonemic class
Letters and letter combos that represent the same sound
The ability to define the # of syllables in a word
Lengthening the vowel into a diphthong changes the meaning.
Lengthing the vowel into a dipthong does not change the meaning.
Same manner and place, but differ in voice.
Glides: Semi vowels: Sonorants: May also be called.
Change in configuration of the vocal tract due to sounds preceding or following the target.
Perceptual Change: the affected sound takes from characteristics of neighboring sounds
Study of rules that govern the production of sounds in combination of morphemes.
Repertoire of all speech sounds a client produces
List of phonemes used contrastively also phonotactics
Articulation disorders are ____ in nature.
Phonological disorders are _____ in nature.
vowel like sounds; but not true vowels
Consonant like sounds: but not true consonants
Phonetically Consistent Forms, Vocables, Quasi-Words
Factor in which the child actively selects words containing sounds that are important or remarkable to them.
Factor in which children avoid words that contain sounds not in their inventory.
Resonated in the nasal cavity
Produced at the front
Produced with vocal fold vibration
Produced at the back
Sounds forcing the air stream through a small opening with intense noise.
Incomplete point of constriction and continuous air flow.
Omission of one or more syllables from a polysyllabic word.
Unstressed syllable Deletion (USD)
Total or partial repetition of a syllable from a target word.
Reduplication (redup) (doubling)
Addition of /i/ or consonant + /i/
EX: doggy; Bookie
Insertion of an unstressed vowel, usally a schwa between two consonants or after a final voiced stop.
Omission of a final single consonant or deletion of all memers of a final consonant cluster.
Final Consonant Deletion (FCD)
Omission of consonants in the word initial position.
Initial Consonant Deletion (ICD)
Deletion or substitution of some or all members of a cluster AKA cluster simplification.
Cluster Reduction (CR)
Partial or total deletion of one or more members of a cluster.
Ex: Straw becomes Ta
Replacement of one or al members of a cluster by another sounds.
EX: Straw becomes Stwah
Substition of stops for fricatives, usually in word initial position.
Replacement of an affricate by a stop or fricative.
EX: Chair becomes Share
Replacement of velars by sounds made in a more anterior position.
Velar Fronting (VF)
Substitution of an alveolar fricative for a palatal fricative.
EX: Sheep becomes Seep
Substitution of sounds with a posterior place of articulation for sounds with an alveolar place of articulation.
Substitution of a vowel w/ a syllabic liquid.
Liquid Gliding (LG)
Non-Labial becomes a Labial
Non-Velar becomes a velar
Non-Nasal becomes a Nasal
Non-Alveolar becomes an Alveolar
Voiceless sound preceding a vowel becomes voiced.
Voiced obstruent following a vowel becomes voiceless or devoiced.
Features of two sounds combine to form one "ing"
Inverstion of two sounds "Ask" becomes "Aks"
Insertion of a sounds "warmth" becomes "warmPth"
Unstressed vowels move toward the schwa, spelling reflects original pronunciation.
Vowel reduced until the syllable is lost.
Difference between the child and the adult become limited to certain sounds.
Substitutions that appear random become more ordered.
The child stops one or more of the phonlogical processes while moving to the adult model.
Identifying words that begin with certain sounds.
Identifying which words sound alike.
Where a specific sound occurs in a word.
Blending two or more sounds that are separated by a few sounds.
Being able to Identify the number of syllables in a word.
Breaking down a word into its individual sounds.
Spelling words "phonetically"
Metalinguistics of phonology: using language to talk about sounds.