any substance that in solution yields hydrogen ions bearing a positive charge
condition characterized by an excessive number of hydrogen ions in a solutin
ion bearing a negitive charge
measurement of levels of oxygen, co2, ph, partial pressure of oxygen, partial pressure of co2, and bicarbonate in arterial blood
smallest unit of an element that still retains the porperties of that element and that cannot be altered by any chemical change
substance that when dissociated produces ions that will combine with hydrogen ions
substance that attempts to maintain ph range, or hydrogen ion concentration, in the presence of added acids or bases.
ion bearing a postitive charge
combination of atoms of two or more elements
condition where in cellse decrease in size, shrivel and wrinkle and are no longer functional when in a hypertonic solution.
chemical reaction wehre in the bonding between atoms in a molecule is broken and simpler products are formed.
condition wehre in more water is lost from the body than is being replaced.
mechanical means of removing nitrogenous waste from the blood by imitating the function of the nephrons involves filtration and diffusion of wastes, drugs and excess electrolytes and osmosis of water across a semipermeable membrane into a dialysate solution
process whereby a substance moved from an area of high concentratoin to an area of lower concentration
detecable accumulation of increased intersitital fluid.
compound that when dissolved in water or another solvent, dissociates into ions
basic sunstance of matter
fluid oustide of the cells, includes intersitial, intravascular, snyovial, cerebrospinal, and serous fluid ; aqeuous and vitreous humor; and endolymph and perilymph
process of fluids and the substances dissolved in them being forced through the cell membrane by hydrostatic pressure
breakdown of rbc and the release of hemoglobin
balance or quilibrium among the physiologic, psychological, sociocultural, intellectual and spiritual needs of the body; maintenance of internal environment
pressure that a fluid exerts against a membrane; also called filtration force
solution that has a higher molecular concentration than the cell; also called hyperosmolar solution.
solution that has a lower molecular concentration than the cell; also called hypo-osmolar solution.
decreased oxygen level in the blood
seepage of foreign substances into the intersitial tissue, causing swelling and discomfort at the iv site
fluid in the tissue spaces around each cell
fluid consisting of the plasma in the blood vessels and the lymph in the lymphatic system
administration of fluids, electrolytes, nutrients or medications bu the venous route
atom bearing an electical charge
solution that has the same molecular concentratoin as does the cell; also called an isomolar solution
atom of the same element that has a different atomic weight (different numbers of neutrons in in the nucleus)