med surg1

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Rose
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63977
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med surg1
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2011-02-03 20:01:31
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medsurg1
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  1. any substance that in solution yields hydrogen ions bearing a positive charge
    acid
  2. condition characterized by an excessive number of hydrogen ions in a solutin
    acidosis
  3. ion bearing a negitive charge
    anion
  4. measurement of levels of oxygen, co2, ph, partial pressure of oxygen, partial pressure of co2, and bicarbonate in arterial blood
    ABG's
  5. smallest unit of an element that still retains the porperties of that element and that cannot be altered by any chemical change
    atom
  6. substance that when dissociated produces ions that will combine with hydrogen ions
    base
  7. substance that attempts to maintain ph range, or hydrogen ion concentration, in the presence of added acids or bases.
    buffer
  8. ion bearing a postitive charge
    cation
  9. combination of atoms of two or more elements
    compound
  10. condition where in cellse decrease in size, shrivel and wrinkle and are no longer functional when in a hypertonic solution.
    crenation
  11. chemical reaction wehre in the bonding between atoms in a molecule is broken and simpler products are formed.
    decomposition
  12. condition wehre in more water is lost from the body than is being replaced.
    dehydration
  13. mechanical means of removing nitrogenous waste from the blood by imitating the function of the nephrons involves filtration and diffusion of wastes, drugs and excess electrolytes and osmosis of water across a semipermeable membrane into a dialysate solution
    dialysis
  14. process whereby a substance moved from an area of high concentratoin to an area of lower concentration
    diffusion
  15. detecable accumulation of increased intersitital fluid.
    edema
  16. compound that when dissolved in water or another solvent, dissociates into ions
    electrolyte
  17. basic sunstance of matter
    element
  18. fluid oustide of the cells, includes intersitial, intravascular, snyovial, cerebrospinal, and serous fluid ; aqeuous and vitreous humor; and endolymph and perilymph
    extracellular fluid
  19. process of fluids and the substances dissolved in them being forced through the cell membrane by hydrostatic pressure
    filtration
  20. breakdown of rbc and the release of hemoglobin
    hemolysis
  21. balance or quilibrium among the physiologic, psychological, sociocultural, intellectual and spiritual needs of the body; maintenance of internal environment
    homeostasis
  22. pressure that a fluid exerts against a membrane; also called filtration force
    hydrostatic pressure
  23. solution that has a higher molecular concentration than the cell; also called hyperosmolar solution.
    hypertonic solution
  24. solution that has a lower molecular concentration than the cell; also called hypo-osmolar solution.
    hypotonic solution
  25. decreased oxygen level in the blood
    hypoxemia
  26. seepage of foreign substances into the intersitial tissue, causing swelling and discomfort at the iv site
    infiltration
  27. fluid in the tissue spaces around each cell
    intersitial fluid
  28. fluid consisting of the plasma in the blood vessels and the lymph in the lymphatic system
    intravascular fluid
  29. administration of fluids, electrolytes, nutrients or medications bu the venous route
    IV therapy
  30. atom bearing an electical charge
    ion
  31. solution that has the same molecular concentratoin as does the cell; also called an isomolar solution
    isontonic
  32. atom of the same element that has a different atomic weight (different numbers of neutrons in in the nucleus)
    isotope
  33. anything that occupies spaces and possesses mass
    matter
  34. substances combined in no specific way
    mixture

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