What type of bonding agent is more important to dentin than enamel, contains hydrophilic groups to penetrate wet etched dentin, and mechanically bonds to dentin?
What type of bond is a chemical bond, contains a hydrophobic group that chemically bonds to the composite resin, and bonds mechanically to metals/porcelains?
phosphoric acid etching of both enamel and dentin with a separate step that includes rinsing off the acid and lightly drying the tooth
total-etch or universal etch
layer formed be collagen fibrils, and ty dentin bonding resin, the etched dentin surface is called what
The bond that links dentin with the restorative material is accomplished through what layer?
Many of the current all-etch bonding agents are desingated as universal bonding agents, what does this mean?
they are suitable for bonding on all enamel, dentin, and restorative surfaces
What type of bonding system has one and two bonding systems that have been developed that incorporate acidic groups in the boning agent that will etch enamel and dentin and allow penetration of the resin without the need for rinsing and drying?
self-etching bonding agents
What are 2 drawbacks of self-etching primers?
they do not adequately etch uncut enamel
can't be used in direct bonding to unprepared enamel such as sealants or veneers
type of cure in which a chemical reaction occurs when two resins, a base and with chemical activators and a catalyst are mixed together
cure that uses a light in the blue wave range to activate a chemical that sets off the polymerization reaction or curing process
cure that uses a combination of self and light-cure ingredients, these resins can be activated by light or can cure chemically without application of curing light
What type of bond is a resin to resin (composite)
What type of bond is resin to metal or porcelain?
is a dentinal or enamel bond stronger?
How long must you re etch an enamel bond if it becomes contaminated?
The following things make up what layer? tooth debris, plaque, bacteria, pellicle, saliva, blood
In the all etch technique, should you etch dentin or enamel first?
enamel for 10
then dentin for 10
What happens if you etch dentin for longer than 20 seconds?
decreases bond strength
causes post treatment hypersensitivity
Why is it important to keep the dentin moist after rinsing the etch for 10 seconds to remove excess water?
it keeps the collagen fibers fluffed
What causes the following to happen? occlude dentinal tubules, block penetration by dentin bonding resins, dentin/resin interface fracture
collagen fibers have collapsed
_________ dissolved in resin allow resin penetration (moist dentin) and collagen fibrils into the dentinal tubules
leakage of fluids and bacteria between tooth and restoration
What are 4 causes of microleakage?
contamination (blood, saliva, smear layers, oil)
coefficient of thermal expansion
What are three of the results of microleakage?
post operative sensitivity from percolation
Pain of hypersensitivity common with bonded restorations is felt through what?
odontoblasts in pulp at dentinal junction
how far do odontoblasts extend in the dentinal tubule?
1/3 of the way in
dentinal tubule contains a column of pulpal fluid and the dentinal fluid will move with pressure changes, what is this called?
hydrodynamic theory of tooth sensitivity
pressure receptors in the odontoblast only illicit what type of response?
What is the primary reason for hypersensitivity?
unsealed dentinal tubules
what are three contributing factors to dentinal hypersensitivity?
composit is cured in too large of increments, causin contraction stress on tooth