Opportunistic Infections in HIV Patients

Card Set Information

Author:
giddyupp
ID:
64046
Filename:
Opportunistic Infections in HIV Patients
Updated:
2011-02-04 11:49:16
Tags:
Opportunistic Infections HIV Patients PHPR523 Test2
Folders:

Description:
Opportunistic Infections in HIV Patients
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user giddyupp on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What are the CD4 breakpoints for Opportunistic Infection prophylaxis in HIV patients?
    • < 200:
    • Pneumocystis jiroveci
    • < 100:
    • Toxoplasma gondii
    • < 50:
    • MAC
    • CMV (also need to be CMV +)
    • Just secondary prevention :
    • Cryptococcus neoformans
  2. Which pathogens may cause Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS) when starting a new ARV regimen?
    • Pneumocystis jiroveci
    • MAC
    • CMV
  3. What is the treatment for Pneumocystis jiroveci?
    • Bactrim IV 15-20mg/kg/d (high dose) QID x 21d
    • Pentamidine IV
    • Clindamycin + Primaquine (test for G-6PD deficient)
    • Dapsone + Trimethoprim
    • Atovaquone (mild cases only)
    • Adjuvant: methylprednisolone (change to prednisone after 3-4d)
  4. What is the prophylaxis for Pneumocystis jiroveci?
    • Bactrim PO
    • Pentamidine inhalation
    • Atovaquone
    • Dapsone
    • Dapsone + pyramthamine + Leucovorin
  5. What is the treatment for Toxoplasma gondii?
    • Pyramethamine + Leucovorin + Sulfadiazine
    • Pyramethamine + Leucovorin + Clindamycin
    • Bactrim
    • Atovaquone + Sulfadiazine
    • Atovaquone
    • Pyramethamine + Azithromycin
  6. What is the prophylaxis for Toxoplama gondii?
    • Bactrim
    • Atovaquone
    • Dapsone + Pyramethamine + Leucovorin
  7. What is the treatment for Cryptococcus neoformans?
    • [AMBd or LAMB] + Flucytosine x 2wks, then Fluconazole x 8wks
    • Fluconazole +/- Flucytosine (IF AMB intolerable)
    • Adjuvant: therapeutic lumbar taps
  8. What is the prophylaxis for Cryptococcus neoformans?
    • Fluconazole
    • Itraconazole
  9. What is the treatment for Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC)?
    Clarithrymycin + Ethambutol +/- Rifabutin continued indefinitely
  10. What is the prophylaxis for MAC?
    • Azithromycin
    • Clarithromycin
    • Rifabutin
  11. What is the treatment for CMV?
    • Ganciclovir
    • Valgancyclovir
    • Foscarnet
    • Ganciclovir retinal implant
    • Cidofovir + Probenecid (hydrate!)
  12. What is the prophylaxis for CMV?
    Valgancyclovir
  13. What is the treatment for Candida infections in HIV?
    • Fluconazole 100mg x 7-14d(oral infection)
    • Fluconazole 400mg x 14-21d (esophageal infection)
    • Nystatin
    • Clotrimazole troche
  14. What is the treatment for Fluconazole-resistant Candida infections in HIV?
    • Oral:
    • Itraconazole
    • AMBd
    • Esophageal:
    • Posaconazole
    • Voriconazole
    • Caspofungin
    • Micafungin
    • Anidulafungin
    • LAMB
  15. What is the treatment for Cryptosporidiosis?
    • Nitazoxanide
    • Paromomycin
    • Macrolides
  16. What is the treatment for microsporidiosis?
    Albendazole

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview