STDs

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Author:
giddyupp
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64065
Filename:
STDs
Updated:
2011-02-04 11:51:17
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STDs PHPR523 Test2
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STDs
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  1. How effective are condoms for preventing STDs?
    • Latex more effective
    • Good protection from HIV, gonorrhea, Chlamydia
    • Not so great protection from HPV, HSV
  2. What pathogens cause bacterial vaginosis?
    • Anaerobes:
    • Prevotella
    • Mobiluncus
    • G. vaginalis
    • Ureaplasma
    • Mycoplasma
  3. What are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?
    • vaginal discharge with fishy odor
    • pain
    • itching
    • burning
  4. What is the treatment for bacterial vaginalis?
    • Metronidazole PO
    • Metronidazole topical
    • Clindamycin topical
    • (same in pregnancy except all oral)
  5. How can you help prevent bacterial vaginalis?
    • Abstinence
    • Limit # of sexual partners
    • Do not douche
    • Complete the regimen prescribed
  6. What are the complications of bacterial vaginalis?
    • PID
    • Infertility
    • Increased risk of contracting HIV, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia and Herpes
  7. Which STDs are asymptomatic in many people?
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
  8. What pathogens cause Chlamydia?
    Chlamydia trachomatis
  9. What are the symptoms of chlamydia?
    • Women:
    • vaginal discharge
    • burning urination
    • lower abdominal pain
    • low back pain
    • nausea
    • fever
    • pain during intercourse
    • bleeding
    • Men:
    • penile discharge
    • burning urination
    • burning/itching around opening of the penis
    • pain and swelling of the testicles is uncommon
    • Both:
    • rectal pain, discharge or bleeding
  10. How do you get chlamydia?
    • vaginal sex
    • anal sex
    • oral sex
    • vaginal childbirth
  11. How do you treat chlamydia?
    • Azithromycin 1g single dose
    • Doxycycline
  12. How can you prevent chlamydia?
    • Abstinence
    • Condoms
  13. What are the complications of chlamydia?
    • PID
    • Infertility
    • Epididymitis
    • Arthritis
    • Skin lesions
    • Inflammation of the eye
    • Inflammation of the urethra
  14. Which STDs cause ulcers?
    • Herpes
    • Syphilis
  15. How do you get herpes?
    • Vaginal sex
    • Anal sex
    • Oral sex
    • Vaginal childbirth
    • Transmission can occur with or without visible sores
  16. What are the symptoms of herpes?
    • Most are not aware of infection
    • sores
    • flu-like symptoms
    • fever
    • swollen glands
    • Possible for "first episode" to occur years after transmission
  17. How do you treat herpes?
    • Acyclovir
    • Famcyclovir
    • Valacyclovir
  18. How can you prevent herpes?
    • Abstinence
    • condoms (not very effective)
  19. What are the complications of herpes?
    • psychological distress
    • fatalities in babies
    • more susceptible to HIV
  20. What pathogens cause herpes?
    Herpes simplex virus I or II
  21. What pathogens cause HPV?
    human papilloma virus
  22. How do you get HPV?
    • vaginal sex
    • anal sex
    • oral sex
    • genital-to-gential contact
    • Transmission possible when no symptoms evident
  23. What are the symptoms of HPV?
    • genital warts
    • warts in the throat (Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis - RRP)
  24. Which strains of HPV cause cancer?
    Types 6, 11, 16, and 18
  25. How do you treat HPV?
    • Self-tx:
    • Podofilox
    • Imiquimod
    • Sinecatechins
    • Provider-tx:
    • cryotherapy
    • podophyllin
    • TCA
    • BCA
    • surgical removal
  26. How do you prevent HPV?
    • Vaccination with Cervarix or Gardasil
    • Pap tests
    • Abstinence
    • Condoms (maybe)
  27. What are the complications of HPV?
    • cervical cancer
    • vulvular cancer
    • vaginal cancer
    • penile cancer
    • anal cancer
    • tongue cancer
    • tonsil cancer
    • throat cancer
  28. How do you get gonorrhea?
    • Contact with the penis, vagina, mouth, or anus
    • ejaculation does not have to occur
    • childbirth
  29. What are the symptoms of gonorrhea?
    • Men:
    • some have no sx
    • burning urination
    • white, yellow, or green discharge
    • painful or swollen testicles
    • women:
    • most have no sx
    • painful or burning urination
    • increased vaginal dishcarge
    • vaginal bleeding
    • Both:
    • anal discharge
    • anal itching
    • anal soreness
    • anal bleeding
    • painful bowel movements
    • sore throat
  30. What pathogens cause gonorrhea?
    N. gonorrhoeae
  31. What are the complications of gonorrhea?
    • PID
    • epididymitis
    • arthritis
    • bacteremia
    • death
    • more susceptible to HIV
    • blindness in babies
  32. What is the treatment for gonorrhea?
    Ceftriaxone (or Cefixime) + azithromycin (or Doxycycline)
  33. How can you prevent gonorrhea?
    • Abstinence
    • condoms
  34. What pathogens cause syphilis?
    Treponema pallidum
  35. How do you get syphilis?
    • direct contact with a syphilis sore
    • can cause stillbirth, delayed development, seizures, or death
  36. What are the symptoms of syphilis?
    • Primary:
    • single or multiple sores
    • Secondary:
    • skin rash (non-itching) on palms and soles of the feet or other parts of the body
    • mucous membrane lesions
    • fever
    • swollen glands
    • sore throat
    • patchy hair loss
    • HA
    • weight loss
    • muscle aches
    • fatigue
    • Late/latent:
    • damage to internal organs including brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints
    • difficulty coordinating muscle movements
    • paralysis
    • numbness
    • gradual blindness
    • dementia
    • death
  37. How do you treat syphilis?
    • Benzathine Pen G (DOC)
    • Doxycycline
    • Tetracycline
  38. What pathogens cause trichomoniasis?
    protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis
  39. How do you get trichomoniasis?
    • penis-to-vagina intercourse
    • vulva-to-vulva contact
  40. What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?
    • Men:
    • internal penile irritation
    • mild discharge
    • burning after urination or ejaculation
    • women:
    • frothy, yellow-green discharge
    • strong odor
    • discomfort during intercourse and urination
    • genital irritation and itching
    • lower abdominal pain (rare cases)
  41. What are the complications of trichomoniasis?
    • increased susceptibility to HIV
    • premature birth
    • low birth wt
  42. How do you treat trichomoniasis?
    • Metronidazole PO
    • Tinidazole PO
  43. How do you prevent trichomoniasis?
    • Abstinence
    • condoms
  44. How do you treat crabs
    • Permethrin
    • Ivermectin
  45. How do you treat HPV in pregnant women?
    • Cryotherapy
    • Surgical removal
    • TCA
    • BCA

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