Physical Science Ch 16

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bogera
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64103
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Physical Science Ch 16
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2011-02-10 22:14:23
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Physical Science
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Physical Science Ch 16
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  1. Explanation of how particles in matter behave

    A. Kinetic theory
    B. thermal energy
    C. boiling point
    kinetic theory
  2. The total energy of material's particles that cause particles to vibrate in place

    A. Kinetic theory
    B. Thermal energy
    C. Boiling point
    Thermal energy
  3. Temperature of the substances, or how fast the particles are moving

    A. Thermal energy
    B. Melting point
    C. Average Kinetic energy
    Average Kinetic energy
  4. Particles that are closely packed together in a specific arrangement

    A. Gaseous state
    B. Solid state
    C. Liquid state
    Solid state
  5. The temperature at which a solid will liquify

    A. Melting point
    B. Boiling point
    C. Evaporation
    Melting point
  6. Definite volume but no definite shape

    A. Solid state
    B. Gaseous state
    C. Liquid stae
    Liquid state
  7. Amount of energy needed to change amaterial from the solid state to the liquid state

    A. Particles
    B. Heat of fusion
    C. Heat of vaporization
    Heat of fusion
  8. Matter that has no definite shape and no definite volume

    A. Gaseous state
    B. Solid state
    C. Liquid state
    Gaseous State
  9. The energy required for a liquid to change to a gas

    A. Particles
    B. Heat of fusion
    C. Heat of vaporization
    Heat of vaporization
  10. The temperature a liquid becomes a gas

    A. Melting point
    B. Boiling point
    C. Evaporation
    Boiling point
  11. What are the three states of matter?
    Solid, Liquid, Gas
  12. When gas particles spread evenly throughout their container

    A. Diffusion
    B. Plasma
    C. Thermal expansion
    diffusion
  13. A state of matter consisting of high temperature gas with balanced positively and negativiely charged particles

    A. Diffusion
    B. Plasma
    C. Thermal expansion
    Plasma
  14. The increase in the size of a substance when the temperature increases

    A. Diffusion
    B. Plasma
    C. Thermal expansion
    Thermal expansion
  15. Lack of the ordered sturcture found in crystals

    A. Solids
    B. Amorphous solids
    C. Liquids
    Amorphous solids
  16. Matter that has a definite volume and definite shape

    A. solid
    B. liquid
    C. gas
    solid
  17. The pressure of a gas will increase as the volume of the container decreases provided temperature does not change.

    A. Archimede's principle
    B. Boyle's law
    C. Charles's law
    Boyle's law
  18. Who was the SI unit of pressure named for?

    A. Blaise Pascal
    B. Daniel Bernoulli
    C. Robert Boyle
    Blaise Pascal
  19. The idea that the volume of a gas increases with increasing temperature provided the pressure does not change.

    A. Boyle's law
    B. Bernoulli's principle
    C. Charles's law
    Charles's law
  20. Liquids which keep some ordered structure

    A. liquid crystals
    B. plasma
    C. gases
    liquid crystals
  21. Most matter ___________ when heated.

    A. contracts
    B. expands
    expands
  22. Matter in which the particles are free to move in all directions until they have spread evenly throughout their container.

    A. solid
    B. liquid
    C. gas
    gas
  23. When applying Charles's law, temperature must be measured on the ___________ scale.

    A. Celsius
    B. Kelvin
    C. Fahrenheit
    Kelvin
  24. The equation P1V1 = constant = P2V2 applies to _______.

    A. Charles's law
    B. Pascal's principle
    C. Boyle's law
    Boyle's law
  25. The particles that make up a solid move ________ than do the particles that make up a gas.

    A. more slowly
    B. more quickly
    more slowly
  26. The idea stating that matter is made up of small particles that are in constant motion is __________.

    A. Archimede's principle
    B. Pascal's principle
    C. kinetic theory of matter
    kinetic theory of matter
  27. The most common state of matter in the universe is __________.

    A. gas
    B. solid
    C. plasma
    plasma
  28. Whether an object will sink of float in a fluid is determined by ______.

    A. Archimede's principle
    B. Pascal's principle
    C. kinetic theory of matter
    Archimede's principle
  29. The buoyant force on an object in a fluid is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object.

    A. Archimede's principle
    B. Pascal's principle
    C. kinetic theory of matter
    Archimede's principle
  30. Hydraulic machines work by applying

    A. Archimede's principle
    B. Pascal's principle
    C. kinetic theory of matter
    Pascal's principle
  31. Pressure applied to a fluid is transmitted unchanged throughout the fluid.

    A. Archimede's principle
    B. Pascal's principle
    C. kinetic theory of matter
    Pascal's principle
  32. Bernoulli's principle explains why

    A. boats float
    B. balloons break
    C. planes fly
    planes fly
  33. As the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressure exerted by the fluid decreases.

    A. Bernoulli's principle
    B. Archimede's principle
    C. Boyle's law
    Bernoulli's principle
  34. Definite shape, definite volume, particles close together

    A. solid
    B. liquid
    C. gas
    D. plasma
    solid
  35. No definite volume, no definite shape, particles spread apart

    A. solid
    B. liquid
    C. gas
    D. plasma
    or gas
  36. Definite volume, no definite shape, particles close together

    A. solid
    B. liquid
    C. gas
    D. plasma
    liquid
  37. No definite shape or volume, paritcles spread apart

    A. solid
    B. liquid
    C. gas
    D. plasma
    gas or plasma
  38. Celsius boiling point
    100 degrees Celsius
  39. Celsius melting point
    0 degrees Celsius
  40. The ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object.

    A. kinetic energy
    B. buoyant force
    C. thermal energy
    buoyant force

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