quiz #1 – hydrotherapy

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BPT
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64106
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quiz #1 – hydrotherapy
Updated:
2011-02-26 21:58:08
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modalities
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hydrotherapy
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  1. what is hydrotherapy
    use of externally applied water to aid in healing
  2. what are the physiological effects of warm water
    • increase metabolism
    • increase blood flow
    • increase muscle relaxation
    • increased elasticity
    • decreased pain
  3. what are the physiological effects of cold water
    • decreased metabolism
    • decreased blood flow
    • decreased pain– able to increase range of motion
    • decreased elasticity
    • increase muscle relaxation
  4. what are the indications of warm water
    • promote healing
    • relieve pain
    • improve range of motion
    • remove the necrotic tissue
  5. what are the indications of cold water
    • reduce acute inflammation
    • relieves pain
    • improve range of motion
    • remove the necrotic tissue
  6. what kind of tank is this & what are some characteristics
    Hubbard tank

    • holds 425 gallons
    • turbines movable
    • requires patient lift
    • good for burn patients
  7. true or false – in a high body tank the patient sits inside the tank
    true
  8. what kind of tank is this
    extremity whirlpool
  9. what is the problem with extremity whirlpools
    the arm is in the dependent position causing gravity to pull the fluid down
  10. what are the main components of tanks
    • drains, overflowing and pumps
    • turbines
    • filling assemblies
    • chairs, stretchers and support
  11. true or false – the turbine is able to add air as it circulates the water
    true
  12. why would you want air from the turbines in the water
    the combination of air and water beats the wound and skin which promotes healing and removal of necrotic tissue and provides oxygen
  13. what is this
    filling assembly
  14. what is meant by "clean" vs "dirty"
    • dirty – open wounds, incontinent patients
    • clean – a normal bath
  15. what are the some of the precautions for dirty cases
    • follow sterile cleaning protocol before and after patient
    • liners and air compressors are available
    • infections – follow universal precautions
    • periodically culture whirlpool to ensure the whirlpool is sterile (betadyne can be used)
  16. how long should the treatment last
    15 – 20 min.
  17. what should the temperature be for warm whirlpool
    • diabetics – 92 – 95°
    • athletes – 102
  18. what are some additives that you can use
    • antiseptics
    • Betadine
    • hand soaps – to prevent suds
    • salt – to make the salt the same osmolarity as the fluid of the body
  19. where the contraindications of whirlpools
    • dementia
    • acute inflammation – avoid warm water
    • acute cardiac problems
    • skin grafts
    • seizure disorder
    • incontinent of bowel
    • pregnancy – full body
    • bleeding wounds
  20. what are the precautions for whirlpools
    • sensory loss
    • peripheral vascular disease
    • dehydration –common in burn patients
    • multiple sclerosis – will decrease function, cold water okay
    • edema
    • fear
  21. what is this
    pulse vac
  22. what is a pulse vac used for
    small open wounds- pushes saline in and pulls it back out
  23. what is this and what can it do
    water pic- clean wounds at bedside
  24. explain how to perform a contrast bath
    • first bath – warm to hot water
    • second bath –cool to cold water
    • hand/foot – warm water 2 –4 minutes
    • Hand/foot – cool water 30 seconds to 1 minute
    • Repeat 5 – 6 times
  25. Who do contrast baths work well for?
    • post acute problems
    • tendonitis

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